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GBI Basics of Grace Summer 2010. An Overview of Systematic Theology. Anthropology: What is Man Like?. A Study of the Doctrine of Man. The Fall of Man (Gen. 3). The temptation was a corruption of God’s word / command (3:1). The temptation was a question about God’s love.

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gbi basics of grace summer 2010

GBI Basics of GraceSummer 2010

An Overview of

Systematic Theology

anthropology what is man like
Anthropology: What is Man Like?

A Study of the Doctrine of Man

the fall of man gen 3
The Fall of Man (Gen. 3)
  • The temptation was a corruption of God’s word / command (3:1).
  • The temptation was a question about God’s love.
  • The temptation was a direct denial of God’s Word (3:4).
  • The temptation was an appeal to idolatry (3:5).
  • The temptation included a disregard of the consequences of sin (3:5-6).
  • The temptation was a twisting of reality (3:6).
hamartiology is sin really so bad
Hamartiology: Is Sin Really So Bad?

A Study of the Doctrine of Sin

hamartiology defined
Hamartiology Defined

Hamartia + logos = hamartiology

Sin + word = word/study of man

what is sin
What is Sin?

“Sin is what you do when you’re not satisfied with God.”

[John MacArthur]

“Sin is irrational. Consider Satan himself, who knows more about God than most any of us but, nevertheless, seeks to replace God on the throne; an intelligent begin, yet from one perspective incredibly stupid.”

[John Frame, Salvation Belongs to the Lord.]

what is sin1
What is Sin?
  • Every — and any — sin is worthy of eternal condemnation (Rom. 5:16; 6:23)
  • Scripture denotes that some sins are greater or lesser than others (Mt. 5:19; 23:23; Jn. 19:11).
  • Some sins are more offensive to God because —
  • some sins deserve excommunication from the church body
  • some sins do not deserve excommunication from the church body
  • some sins attributed the work of Christ to Satan
  • some sins remain perpetual, malicious, willful and unconfessed
the question of original sin depravity
The Question of Original Sin — Depravity
  • Depravity does not mean —
  • every individual is as completely corrupt and depraved as he could become
  • the sinner has no innate knowledge of God
  • the sinner cannot admire virtuous and righteous character
  • every unbelieving man will indulge of every form of sin.
  • Depravity does mean —
  • the inherent sin in man extends to every part of his nature
  • there is no spiritual good in relation to God in the sinner at all
how was sin imputed to all men from adam
How Was Sin Imputed to all Men from Adam?
  • Imputation of sin means that sin is universal.
  • We sin because we are sinners (born with original sin) and we are sinners because we sin(our own sin condemns us).
  • If there is no imputation of Adam’s sin to us, then neither can there be an imputation of Christ’s righteousness to us (Rom. 5:18). If Adam cannot sin on our behalf, then neither can Christ offer His righteousness on our behalf (1 Cor. 15:22).
why do christians still sin
Why Do Christians Still Sin?
  • Believers have been saved from the power of sin so they no longer have to sin (1 Jn. 2:1).
  • Believers still have indwelling sin(Rom. 7:17, 18, 20, 21), though they are freed from its power.
  • The sources of conflict for the believer are (1 Jn. 2:16) —
  • the world — the system that is under the control of Satan which is hostile to God.
  • the flesh — the old nature and man — indwelling sin
  • the devil — Satan and his angels who seek to devour Christians (1 Pt. 5:8).
what is the provision for the believer
What is the Provision for the Believer?
  • the Word of God (Js. 1:5)
  • the intercession of Christ (Heb. 7:25)
  • the indwelling power of the Holy Spirit (Rom. 8:9; Gal. 5:16ff)
  • the redemption of sin through confession and forgiveness (1 Jn. 1:9)
what is the hope for the christian who sins
What is the Hope for the Christian Who Sins?
  • Our sin does not affect our legal standingwith God.
  • Our sin does disrupt our fellowship with God —
  • Our sin is redeemable and is able to be used as an instrument of growth by means of appropriating afresh the truths of the gospel.
what about unbelievers
What About Unbelievers?
  • Unregenerate men remain guilty because of imputed sin.
  • Unregenerate men are born with original, in a state of death, separated from God.
  • Unregenerate men are guilty because of their own acts of personal sin against God.
  • Unregenerate men live under sin, with no ability to escape apart from God’s grace.
  • Unregenerate men remain under the blinding influence and authority of Satan.
soteriology how are men saved
Soteriology: How Are Men Saved?

A Study of

the Doctrine of Salvation

slide15

“Our method of proclaiming salvation is this: to point out to every heart the loving Lamb, who died for us, and although He was the Son of God, offered Himself for our sins...by the preaching of His blood, and of His love unto death, even the death of the cross:…to name no virtue except in Him, and from Him and on His account, — to preach no commandment except faith in Him; no other justification but that He atoned for us; no other sanctification but the privilege to sin no more; no other happiness but to be near Him, to think of Him and do His pleasure; no other self denial but to be deprived of Him and His blessings; no other calamity but to displease Him; no other life but in Him.”

[Count Nicolaus Ludwig von Zinzendorf (1700-1760).]

soteriology defined
Soteriology Defined

Soteria + logos = soteriology

Salvation + word = word/study of salvation

an overview of salvation
An Overview of Salvation
  • Salvation is the result of the past work of God.
  • Salvation is the present process of God.
  • Salvation is the future goal of God.
an overview of salvation1
An Overview of Salvation

“For I am confident of this very thing, that He who began a good work in you will perfect it until the day of Christ Jesus.”

(Phil. 1:6)

the work of salvation christ s death
The Work of Salvation — Christ’s Death
  • Substitution
  • Redemption
  • Reconciliation
  • Propitiation
  • Forgiveness
  • God has forgiven and removed sin.
  • There still remains a daily need for cleansing for the purpose of fellowship.
the work of salvation christ s death1
The Work of Salvation — Christ’s Death
  • Substitution
  • Redemption
  • Reconciliation
  • Propitiation
  • Forgiveness
  • Justification
the realization of salvation god s provision
The Realization of Salvation —God’s Provision
  • The work of God the Father
  • Election
  • Predestination
  • Adoption
  • The work of Christ
  • The work of the Holy Spirit
  • Conviction
  • Regeneration
  • Baptism
  • Indwelling
the realization of salvation man s responsibility
The Realization of Salvation —Man’s Responsibility
  • Faith involves the intellect.
  • Faith involves emotion.
  • Faith involves the will.
  • Faith involves a correct object (1 Cor. 15).
the realization of salvation man s responsibility1
The Realization of Salvation —Man’s Responsibility
  • Faith involves a correct object.
  • The gospel was planned by God beforehand.
  • The gospel is an objective physical event in history.
  • The gospel is an objective accomplishment.
  • The gospel is an offer to be made to all that what Christ accomplished is free and my be had only by faith in him.
  • The gospel is an application through faith to specific people of what Christ accomplished.
  • The gospel is an eternal and infinitely happy future destiny.
slide24

“…to believe the gospel is not only to accept the awesome truths that 1) God is holy, 2) we are hopeless sinners, 3) Christ died and rose again for sinners, and 4) this great salvation is enjoyed by faith in Christ-but believing the gospel is also to treasure Jesus Christ as your unsearchable riches. What makes the gospel Gospel is that it brings a person into the everlasting and ever-increasing joy of Jesus Christ.”

[John Piper, “The Gospel in Six Minutes.”]

the realization of salvation man s responsibility2
The Realization of Salvation —Man’s Responsibility
  • Faith involves the intellect.
  • Faith involves emotion.
  • Faith involves the will.
  • Faith involves a correct object.
  • Faith produces transformation.
the realization of salvation man s responsibility3
The Realization of Salvation —Man’s Responsibility
  • Faith involves transformation.
  • Not all who profess Christ have been converted by Christ.
  • Those who have been converted by Christ will produce fruit by the power of the Holy Spirit.
  • Believers will produce differing quality and quantity of fruit.
  • There will be some believers in glory who may give little demonstration of fruit now.
  • An individual may be saved, though he gives little evidence of that salvation, but he will have no genuine assurance of that salvation
the blessing of salvation security
The Blessing of Salvation — Security
  • Security is given to accomplish the sovereign purpose of God.
  • Security keeps us by the power of God.
  • Security is a demonstration of the love of God.
  • Security is produced by the justification in Christ.
  • Security gifts us with the intercession of Christ.
  • Security is guaranteed by the Holy Spirit.
  • Security results in Christ presenting us faultless before Himself.
slide28

“The gospel is not only the most important message in all of history; it is the only essential message in all of history. Yet we allow thousands of professing Christians to live their entire lives without clearly understanding it and experiencing the joy of living by it.”

[Jerry Bridges, The Discipline of Grace.]

ecclesiology what in the world does the church do
Ecclesiology — What in the World Does the Church Do?

A Study of

the Doctrine of the Church

ecclesiology defined
Ecclesiology Defined

Ecclesia + logos = ecclesiology

Church/ + word = word/study of church Gathering

The church is a gathering of people in this age (not OT believers) who have been called by God out of the world (and from sin) to become a chosen people of God to worship Him, by being His servants in spreading the good news of His glory.

definition of the church
DEFINITION OF THE CHURCH
  • The church is a gathering of people in this age.
  • The church is a local assembly of believers
  • The church is the universal body of believers
the function of the local church
THE FUNCTION OF THE LOCAL CHURCH
  • The church meets for worship
  • The church practices fellowship
  • The church provides instruction
  • The church has ministry
  • The church has organization
leaders of the church elders
LEADERS OF THE CHURCH: Elders
  • Elder, pastor, and overseer are synonymous
  • Generally, elders serve in a plurality
  • There are clear qualifications for elders
  • Elders care for the flock primarily through preachingand teaching.
  • The goal of the elders’ ministry is to equipthe church body for ministry.
  • There is an accountabilityfor elders to God.
leaders of the church deacons
LEADERS OF THE CHURCH: Deacons
  • The origin of the office is in Acts 6:1-7
  • There are qualifications (1 Tim. 3:8-13)
  • What is the difference between elders and deacons?
  • What about deaconesses (1 Tim. 3:11)?
the government of the church
THE GOVERNMENT OF THE CHURCH
  • Episcopalianism
  • Presbyterianism
  • Congregationalism
ordinances of the church
ORDINANCES OF THE CHURCH
  • The Lord’s Supper
  • Transubstantiation
  • Consubstantiation
  • Meritorious grace
  • Memorial
  • Baptism
the purpose of the church
THE PURPOSE OF THE CHURCH
  • Gathered, ministering to the Body
  • Scattered, ministering to the world
lessons for believers
LESSONS FOR BELIEVERS
  • There must be a renewed emphasis in the local church on each believer exercising his spiritual gifts.
  • We must recognize that being part of a church involves much more than simply attending public worship services.
  • The church requires the involvement of every believer.
  • We must work hard to cultivate genuine sense of fellowship that is sacrificial and giving.
  • The church must remain the primary place for the carrying out of our disciplines and gifts.
  • We must individually cultivate the godly attributes of humility and love to protect the unity of the body.
slide39

What are the Characteristics of a God-centered church?

A God-sensitive, faithful, loving, Word-loyal shepherd who tends/oversees

a doctrinally sound, anchored in Scripture (doctrine matters!)

loving, compassionate congregation of born-again people,

who are growing spiritually and numerically,

who together are ministering/laboring for the gospel,

being empowered through Spirit-dependency and effectual prayer

whose lives/conduct also witness to the power of the gospel (talk is cheap!)

who, at times, upset/anger the world (or other religious people)

because of these characteristics.

P.S. If your church never upsets the world for

its faithful adherence to the Word of God and

fervent testimony regarding Jesus Christ,

you may not have a God-centered (Christ-honoring) congregation!

angelology angels good and bad who are they
Angelology: Angels Good and Bad — Who Are They?

A Study of

the Doctrine of Angels

the nature and attributes of angels
THE NATURE AND ATTRIBUTES OF ANGELS
  • Angels are a created body of beings.
  • Angels were created simultaneously and innumerable in number.
  • Angels are spirit beings.
  • Angels are a higher order of being than man.
  • Angels are swift and powerful.
  • The angels were all created in the same state of goodness or holiness.
  • All holy angels reside in heaven, in God’s presence.
categories of angels
CATEGORIES OF ANGELS
  • Archangels
  • Chief princes
  • Ruling angels
  • Other kinds of angels —
  • Cherubim
  • Seraphim
  • Living Creatures
proiminent individual angels
PROIMINENT INDIVIDUAL ANGELS
  • Lucifer — perhaps the most exalted angel of all
  • Michael — the chief of angels
  • Gabriel — the “missionary” angel
the ministry of angels
THE MINISTRY OF ANGELS
  • Ministry to God
  • Ministry to Christ
  • Ministry to Believers
  • Ministry to Unbelievers
the character of satan revealed in his names
THE CHARACTER OF SATAN REVEALED IN HIS NAMES
  • Satan — adversary or resister
  • Evil One — He is responsible for evil
  • Devil — slanderer
  • Serpent — referring to his subtlety and craftiness
  • Tempter
  • Prince of this world
  • God of this age
  • Deceiver of the whole world
  • Angel of light
  • Accuser of the brethren
  • Head of the house of evil
satan s history
SATAN’S HISTORY
  • Satan enjoyed a privileged status with God
  • Satan was a wise and intelligent being, perfect in beauty (Ezk. 28:12).
  • Satan sinned and fell from his exalted position.
  • Pride was the cause of his downfall.
  • The five “I wills” of Satan are matched and superceded by the six “I wills” of God
  • “The ultimate moral question of the universe is this: can the creature in fact become equal to the Creator?”
why the cross of christ was a defeat for satan
WHY THE CROSS OF CHRIST WAS A DEFEAT FOR SATAN
  • Heb. 2:14 — Christ defeated death and thereby stripped Satan of his power and gave hope (confidence!) beyond the grave.
  • Rom. 3:25-26 — God is now both just and the One who justifies; His righteousness is fully validated.
  • 1 Jn. 3:8 — Christ’s death and resurrection made it possible for a people to live a new and righteous life.
types of demons
TYPES OF DEMONS
  • Those who still occupy positions in the heavenlies.
  • Those who roam the earth.
  • Those who are currently shut up in the abyss, but will be released during the tribulation.
  • Those who were bound at the Fall, kept in chains until the final judgment.
the activity of demons
THE ACTIVITY OF DEMONS
  • They oppose God, His angels, and His people.
  • They support the work of Satan.
  • They indwell bodies (both human and animal).
  • They influence the mind.
  • They deceive nations.
  • They deceive people.
lessons for believers1
LESSONS FOR BELIEVERS
  • Christians cannot be demon possessed.
  • Christians should put on the whole armor of God.
  • Christians should be absorbed with Christ and the Scriptures.
  • Christians should avoid relying on their own power and authority in dealing with demons.
  • Christians should obey the Scriptures.
  • Christians should recognize the power of Satan, but not be afraid of him or his followers.
  • Christians should not blame everything on the Devil.
eschatology how does it all end
Eschatology — How Does it All End?

A Study of

the Doctrine of Last Things

eschatology defined
Eschatology Defined

Eschatos + logos = eschatology

Last + word = word/study of end (things) times

interpreting prophecy
INTERPRETING PROPHECY
  • Interpret the Bible literally.
  • Distinguish between the church and Israel.
  • Recognize the unconditional covenants.
the covenants
THE COVENANTS
  • The Abrahamic Covenant
  • Unconditional
  • Literal
  • Eternal
  • Content
    • Land
    • Seed
    • Blessing
the covenants1
THE COVENANTS
  • The Abrahamic Covenant
  • The Palestinian Covenant
  • The Davidic Covenant
  • The New Covenant
the covenants2
THE COVENANTS
    • ABRAHAMIC COVENANT
  • (Gen. 12:1-3)

Land

Palestinian Covenant

(Deut. 30:1-10)

Seed

Davidic Covenant

(2 Sam. 7:12-16)

Blessing

New Covenant

(Jer. 31:31-34)

the covenants3
THE COVENANTS
  • The Abrahamic Covenant
  • The Palestinian Covenant
  • The Davidic Covenant
  • The New Covenant
  • The Mosaic Covenant
systems of interpretation
SYSTEMS OF INTERPRETATION
  • Premillennialism — This system is based on a literal fulfillment of the Scriptures.
  • Post-millennialism — The world will become progressively better.
  • Amillennialism — Prophetic passages are allegorized and the church replaces Israel in prophecy.
the rapture
THE RAPTURE
  • The Rapture is before the Tribulation
    • the Tribulation is the outpouring of God’s wrath
    • the Church is promisedthat it will be spared the Tribulation
  • The purpose of the Tribulation is —
    • to judge unbelievers
    • to bring Israel to repentance
  • The rapture is imminent but the Second Coming is not.
the great tribulation
THE GREAT TRIBULATION
  • The period of preparation
    • The apostate church (comprised of unbelievers) remains on earth after the rapture.
    • The Roman Empire will be revived.
  • The period of peace.
  • The period of persecution.
the millennial kingdom
THE MILLENNIAL KINGDOM
  • Itscharacter
  • Itsgovernment
  • Itsspiritual character
  • Itssocial justice
  • Itstermination
the judgments of the future
THE JUDGMENTS OF THE FUTURE
  • Judgment of believers’ works
  • Judgment of the Gentiles
  • Judgment of the Jews
  • Judgment of the unbelieving dead
  • Judgment of fallen angels
the resurrections
THE RESURRECTIONS
  • Resurrection of the just
    • Resurrection at the rapture
    • Resurrection after the Tribulation
  • Resurrection of the unjust
heaven
HEAVEN
  • Heaven is the dwelling place of God
  • Heaven is the location of God’s throne and judgment.
  • Heaven is a place of worship.
  • Heaven is a place of fellowship (with God) and relationship (with one another).
  • Heaven is a place of service.
  • Heaven is a place of unparalleled beauty.
slide65
HELL
  • Sheol
  • Hades
  • Gehenna
  • Tartarus
  • Abyss
slide66

Since all these things are to be destroyed in this way, what sort of people ought you to be in holy conduct and godliness, looking for and hastening the coming of the day of God, because of which the heavens will be destroyed by burning, and the elements will melt with intense heat! But according to His promise we are looking for new heavens and a new earth, in which righteousness dwells.

2 Peter 3:11-13