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Opera. How Did Opera Begin. Florence, Italy in about 1600 Camerata “The group that meets in the room” Wanted to start a new kind of music They combined poetry and music which led to opera Orfeo Written by Italian composer Claudio Monteverdi in 1607 Oldest opera that is still performed

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how did opera begin
How Did Opera Begin
  • Florence, Italy in about 1600
  • Camerata
    • “The group that meets in the room”
    • Wanted to start a new kind of music
    • They combined poetry and music which led to opera
  • Orfeo
    • Written by Italian composer Claudio Monteverdi in 1607
    • Oldest opera that is still performed
  • The very first opera house opened in Venice in 1637
italian operas
Italian Operas
  • Had two kinds of music
  • Recitative
    • The characters are telling the story by having a conversation or describing an event
    • Singing that imitated the way people talk
  • Aria
    • One person is expressing his/her feeling about what is happening
    • Has a more elaborate melody
french operas
French Operas
  • Had more ballet and instrumental music
  • French composer
    • Jean-Baptiste Lully
english opera
English Opera
  • Began with masque
    • A combination of poetry, songs, instrumental music, dancing, and acting performed in the royal court.
  • Greatest English opera composer was Henry Purcell
    • Dido and Aeneas
coming to america
Coming to America
  • Came from England to South Carolina in the early 1770s
  • Ballad opera
    • Dialogue was spoken rather than sung, and the audience knows the tunes
italy in the 1700s
Italy in the 1700s
  • Opera Seria- Serious opera
  • Opera Buffa- Comic opera
german opera
German Opera
  • Singspiel
    • Literally means “sing speak”
    • Spoken dialogue rather than recitative
  • The Magic Flute
    • The most famous singspiel
    • By Mozart
  • Richard Wagner
    • Changed opera by having the orchestra play continuously and the singers sing throughout
who writes the words
Who writes the words
  • Libretto
    • The words to an opera
    • Means a “little book”
  • Librettist
    • The person who write the libretto
    • Decides what will happen in each scene and what words the singers will speak or sing
who writes the music
Who writes the music?
  • Composer
    • Writes the music
    • Sometimes writes the words too
    • Takes the words from the librettist and sets them to music that lets us know what the characters are feeling and what kind of people they are
    • Decides
      • Size of the orchestra
      • What instruments to use
      • What voices to use
      • How many singers
what are they based on
What are they based on?
  • Fairy Tales
    • Cinderella
    • Hansel and Gretel
  • Novels
    • Billy Budd by Herman Melville
    • Carmen by Prosper Merimee
  • Events
    • Julius Caesar
    • Boris Godunov
  • Myths
    • Tristan and Isolde
  • Bible Stories
    • Amahl and the Night Visitors
what can you expect in opera stories
What can you expect in opera stories?
  • Suspense
  • Comedy
  • Madness
  • Love
  • Tragedy
  • Horror
  • War