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THE PASSIVE PowerPoint Presentation
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THE PASSIVE

THE PASSIVE

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THE PASSIVE

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  1. THE PASSIVE Example of a sentence in the active voice a lot of students work 1. When the semester starts, in the multimedia language learning labfrom early morning till late in the evening. Example of a sentence in the passive voice 2. by Some of these books were written the teachers of the Institute of Foreign Languages. The Institute of Foreign Languages Dr. Vilma Bijeikienė

  2. HOW IS THE PASSIVE FORM MADE?Formula of the passive • -ed , • 3rd form; + to be past participle shows the tense of the sentence remains the same for ALL tenses The Institute of Foreign Languages Dr. Vilma Bijeikienė E.g. Some of these books werewritten by the teachers of the Institute of Foreign Languages. Past Simple

  3. HOW IS THE PASSIVE FORMED IN DIFFERENT TENSES? The Institute of Foreign Languages Dr. Vilma Bijeikienė

  4. The Institute of Foreign Languages Dr. Vilma Bijeikienė DO ALL SENTENCES HAVE THE PASSIVE FORM? NO – only those which have an object in the active voice NO PASSIVE E.g.There was a big plant in the corner of the lab. It is no longer there. SUBJECT VERB OBJECT ACTIVE Someonehas removedthe plant from the lab. VERB in the passive form PASSIVE SUBJECT The plant has been removed from the lab.

  5. The Institute of Foreign Languages Dr. Vilma Bijeikienė WHY IS THE PASSIVE USED? • When the agent (i.e. the doer of the action) is not known: E.g. The plant has been removed from the lab. • When the agent is obvious: • E.g.The jewellery thief was arrested yesterday. (Obviously, the police did it.) • To sound formal and polite: • E.g.Order must be observed in the lab. • In written/ academic style: • E.g. A number of attempts have been made to cure cancer. • To place emphasis on the agent: • E.g. The telephone was invented by Alexander Bell.

  6. The Institute of Foreign Languages Dr. Vilma Bijeikienė CAN THERE BE TWO PASSIVE STRUCTURES OF ONE ACTIVE SENTENCE? YES – if the active sentence has two objects E.g. Kate gave Johna book. Johnwas given a book. A book was given to John.

  7. The Institute of Foreign Languages Dr. Vilma Bijeikienė WHAT ARE TYPICAL MISTAKES IN USING PASSIVE STRUCTURES? Plural vs. singular: E.g. Jane has cleaned two rooms. Two rooms have been cleanedby Jane. Auxiliary in forming questions: E.g. Did they make many mistakes in the last test? Were many mistakes made in the last test? Unimportant agent: E.g. Somebody checks passports at passport control. Passports are checked at passport control by somebody.