the passive voice n.
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THE PASSIVE VOICE. We form the passive with the correct tense of the verb BE + past participle . The object of the active sentence becomes the subject of the passive sentence. We have elected a new President . A new President has been elected

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We form the passive with the

correct tense of the verb BE + past participle.

The objectof the active sentence becomes the subjectof the passive sentence.

We have elected a new President.

A new Presidenthas been elected

They are playing the matchon Saturday.

The matchis being played on Saturday

If the object is a pronoun, make sure to change it to a subject pronoun.

me  I him  he her  she them  they us  we

I bought him a present.

He was bought a present.

Never use (do, does or did) with the passive voice.

They didn’t sell all the tickets for the concert.

All the tickets weren’t sold.

We do not give lesson on public holidays.

Lessons are not given on public holidays.

If there is a preposition with the verb, do not forget it.

Sue looks after the children.

  • The children are looked after by Sue
  • 1.- when you are not especially interested in the person or people who did an action.

“The book was written in 2007.”

  • 2.- When you also want to mention the person or people that did the action use by.

“The new art exhibition was opened by the


3.- The passive is used more in writing and formal speech, such as public information (rules, signs, brochures …) and media reports.

“Cycling is not permitted in this area.”

“Bookings can be made online.”

4.- Some verbs can have two objects:

bring, give, ask, pay, sell, offer, owe, show, tell, send, lend, leave, promise, take, teach, throw, write

something to someone

“They gave Susana prize.”

“Susan was given a prize.”

“A prize was given to Susan.”

If the verb has two objects, we usually use the personas the subject in the passive.

“No one gave me any directions.”

“I wasn’t given any directions.”

“Beatriz taught me History.”

“I was taught History by Beatriz.”

when not to use the passive
Whennotto use thepassive.
  • Wedon’t use thepassivewhenthe active is more direct and easiertounderstand.

“I’mreading a greatbook.”

  • Intransitiveverbscan’tbepassivebecausetheydon’ttakeanobject: arrive, die, sit, sleep…
  • Alsowedon’t use thepassivewiththeseverbs: agreewith, belong, fit, have, resemble andsuit