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The French and Indian War (7 Years War)

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The French and Indian War (7 Years War). V. War Between : France & Britain (Both with Native American Allies) F ight Over : The Ohio River Valley. Why did they both want control of this land?. · Rivers = beaver pelts ·very good farmland.

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Presentation Transcript
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War Between: France & Britain (Both with Native American Allies)

Fight Over: The Ohio River Valley

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Why did they both want

control of this land?

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·Rivers = beaver pelts

·very good farmland

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Beginnings - Fort Necessity: George Washington was sent by the Ohio Companyto build a fort for protection for the British farmers living in the Ohio River Valley. On his way to building the fort, Washington got word that the Frenchhad already built a fort there. The French fort was called Fort Duquesne.
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Washington surprise attacked a scouting party and scattered them. Hearing that the French were planning a counterattack, Washington quickly mad his men build a stockade (high fence) for protection around themselves. He named it Fort Necessity. The French and Native Americans surrounded them and counterattacked. The British were outnumbered and forced to surrender.
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Why is the battle at

Fort Necessity important?

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Preparations - Albany Congress: A meeting of the colonies after Fort Necessity

Two Purposes:

1. To plan for the defense of the colonies.

2. To try to gain Iroquois support.

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Ben Franklin Proposes: The Albany Plan of Union

One general government for all 13 colonies with the following rights/powers:

1. Plan for the colonial defenses

2. Make laws for all of the colonies

3. Raise taxes

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FRENCH

BRITISH

Much larger colonial population

Many coastal colonies; very strong navy

Strong Iroquois allies

Single government to make decisions

Many Native American Allies

More forts

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