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Transactional Analysis. Three Basic Concepts: Parent, Adult and Child Transactions: Among P, A and C P < -- > P A < -- > A C < -- > C There are 9 possible transactions. Transactional Basis. Id – Pleasure Principle Ego- Realistic Principle Super-Ego- Ethical Principle.

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Transactional Analysis


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    1. Transactional Analysis • Three Basic Concepts: Parent, Adult and Child • Transactions: Among P, A and C • P < -- > P • A < -- > A • C < -- > C • There are 9 possible transactions

    2. Transactional Basis • Id – Pleasure Principle • Ego- Realistic Principle • Super-Ego- Ethical Principle

    3. The Three Ego States • Parent- “Do as I do” • Child- “What shall I do?” • Adult- “I will be frank with you”

    4. We Are • Child • Adult • Parent in our Transactions. • Biological conditions are irrelevant to these ego states. • We shift from one ego state to another in transactions.

    5. Shift in Ego States • Parent- “Why don’t you prepare a time-table?” • Child- “What is the point when one cannot follow it?” – Becomes an Adult.

    6. Transactional Stimulus and Response • The initiator of the transaction is called the transactional stimulus. • The response of the respondent is called transactional response.

    7. Types of Transactions • Complementary Transactions: Appropriate and Expected Transactions indicating healthy human relationships. • Communication takes place when transactions are complementary. A stimulus invites a response; this response becomes a stimulus inviting further response and so on.

    8. Types of Transactions (Con..) • Crossed Transaction: This causes most difficulties in social situations. • “May be, you should improve your teaching”. • “You always find fault with me whatever I do” Parent-Child interaction.

    9. Typical Games • Between A shop keeper and a house wife: • “This one is better, but you cannot afford it” • Between A Teacher and a Student: • “This is a good topic, but you cannot handle it.” • Between an Expert and a Candidate: • “What you just said is totally wrong”