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Transactional Analysis. Three Basic Concepts: Parent, Adult and Child Transactions: Among P, A and C P < -- > P A < -- > A C < -- > C There are 9 possible transactions. Transactional Basis: The Three Principles. Ego- Realistic Principle Super-Ego- Ethical Principle

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transactional analysis
Transactional Analysis
  • Three Basic Concepts: Parent, Adult and Child
  • Transactions: Among P, A and C
  • P < -- > P
  • A < -- > A
  • C < -- > C
  • There are 9 possible transactions
transactional basis the three principles
Transactional Basis: The Three Principles
  • Ego- Realistic Principle
  • Super-Ego- Ethical Principle
  • Id – Pleasure Principle
  • The above are the three States of the Self.
  • You look at things from these states of self.
you are
You are:
  • Child- “What shall I do?”
  • Adult- “I will be frank with you”
  • Parent- “Do as I do”
combinations 1
Combinations 1
  • Child-Realistic Principle
  • Child-Ethical Principle
  • Child-Pleasure Principle.
combinations 2
Combinations 2
  • Parent-Realistic Principle
  • Parent-Ethical Principle
  • Parent-Pleasure Principle.
combinations 3
Combinations 3
  • Adult-Realistic Principle
  • Adult-Ethical Principle
  • Adult-Pleasure Principle.
we are capable of becoming
We Are Capable of Becoming
  • Child
  • Adult
  • Parent
  • Use any of the three ego, super-ego or id principles.
  • We shift from one ego state to another in transactions.
  • We shift from one principle to another in transactions.
we are capable of changing our transactional principles
We Are Capable of Changing our Transactional Principles
  • From Realistic to Ethical
  • From Realistic to Pleasure
  • From Ethical to Realistic
  • From Ethical to Pleasure
  • From Pleasure to Realistic
  • From Pleasure to Ethical
shift in ego states
Shift in Ego States
  • Parent- to Child: “Why don’t you prepare a time-table?”
  • Child- to Parent: “What is the point when one cannot follow it?” – Becomes an Adult.
  • Interviewer to Candidate: “Have you read this book?” Adult to Child.
  • Candidate to Interviewer: “No”, “But how can anyone read all books printed” Becomes a child.
transactional stimulus and response
Transactional Stimulus and Response
  • The initiator of the transaction is called the transactional stimulus.
  • The response of the respondent is called transactional response.
  • The transactional response become again the transactional stimulus for next transaction and the response to this becomes stimulus for another transaction and so on.
types of transactions
Types of Transactions
  • Complementary Transactions: Appropriate and Expected Transactions indicating healthy human relationships.
  • Communication takes place when transactions are complementary. A stimulus invites a response; this response becomes a stimulus inviting further response and so on.
types of transactions con
Types of Transactions (Con..)
  • Crossed Transaction: This causes most difficulties in social situations.
  • “May be, you should improve your teaching”.
  • “You always find fault with me whatever I do” Parent-Adult interaction.
typical games
Typical Games
  • Between A shop keeper and a house wife:
  • “This one is better, but you cannot afford it”
  • Between A Teacher and a Student:
  • “This is a good topic, but you cannot handle it.”
  • Between an Expert and a Candidate:
  • “What you just said is totally wrong”
how to begin transaction
How to Begin Transaction
  • Good Morning – start with salutation.
  • Have you read the News Paper today? – start with a question.
  • There is a meeting today at 10.00 a.m. – start with some important information.
  • You are so handsome today! Start with a complement.
termination of transactions
Termination of transactions
  • OK, See you later – time constraint
  • We shall discuss this later – post pone the transaction.
  • I will get back to you later – promise to do something later.
  • I am already late – time constraint
  • You are right – give a sense of disinterest.