Transactional Analysis – Eric Berne. Personality Structure Each individual personality is divided into three separate and distinct sources of behaviour P Parent A Adult C Child ~. Transactional Analysis – Eric Berne.
Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.
Each individual personality is divided into three separate and distinct sources of behaviour
The PAC represent skeletal-muscular and verbal patterns of behaviour and feelings based on emotions and experiences perceived by people in their early years
Helping and supportive behaviour
Criticism, control and punishment
Contains instructions, attitudes and behaviours handed down by parents and significant authority figures
Operates logically and non emotionally, problems solving, using information to make decisions without emotion.
Emerges as the result of demands of authority and is marked by passivity
Natural or Free ChildImpulsive, untrained, self loving, and pleasure seeking
The Child contributes joy, creativity, intuition, pleasure and enjoyment. ~
The identification of what element of the personality is responding to the situation and how appropriate that is.
Berne believed that people have the rationality and freedom to make decisions and solve their own problems
The well adjusted person allows the situation to determine which ego state is in control attempting to strike a balance between all three.
A unit of human communication or a stimulus response connection between two people’s ego states.
Types of Transactions
“the natural order of healthy human relationships,” occurs when a response comes from the ego state to which it was addressed
When a response comes from an ego state not addressed or not appropriate to the situation
CovertResponse which overtly appears to be directed at one ego state but covertly is addressed at another -sarcasm, teasing,
A life script is that life plan the individual’s “child”selected early in their developmental years base mostly on the overt or covert messages or injunctions received from the “child” in your parents
Scripts are the characteristic way we structure our transactions
An ongoing series of complementary ulterior transactions progressing to a well defined predictable outcome. – manipulation
The tendency of an individual to maintain internal psychological equilibrium by regulating his or her own intrapsychic process – status quo –
Game playing functions to maintain homeostasis in biological, existential, internal psychological, external psychological, internal and external social areas
I’m OK and you’re OK - healthy
I’m not OK and you’re OK - poor me, victim
I’m not OK and you’re not OK - pessimist
I’m OK and you’re not OK - its everyone's fault but me or antisocial personality
Pursuit of Strokes
Human beings need recognition, they engage in transactions to exchanges strokes
Compliments, open affection, uninterrupted listening, praise, positive reinforcement.
Positive strokes are usually complementary transactions
Disagreement, punishment, lack of attention, humiliation, embarrassment
Not positive or negative but keep communication open.
The manner in which we behave in order to receive strokes
Behaviour is low risk because no transaction takes place however no strokes are received
Prescribed social transactions – Hello – How are you etc
Relative risk – primarily maintenance strokes without commitment or involvement.
Socially acceptable activities which allow transactions
Primarily maintenance strokes but may lead to positive or negative ones – way of sizing up before commitment
Time spent dealing with the realities of the world school, work, clubs,
Allow strokes in terms of achievement.
Attempts to gain strokes in a maladaptive way. Destructive transactions
Involves complementary ulterior transactions
A deep human encounter motivated by genuine caring
A structured time with no withdrawal, ritual, games, pastimes or activities
Involves greatest quality and quantity of positive strokes~
Responds in ways not appropriate to the interaction or the situation
TransactionUses cross transaction or ulterior transaction with others
ScriptHas developed characteristic ways of interacting which leads to life problems
GamesConscious utilization of ulterior transactions
1. “Yes but” – client has an excuse why any suggested strategy won’t work
2. “I’m only trying to help you, its for your own good” worker “its more important that I help you than you change appropriately
3. Courtroom – Worker as judge and jury
4. NIGYYSOB – Client manipulates worker into non therapeutic behaviour
5. Gossiping – talking about people who are not present
6. Wooden leg – clients use their situations to avoid responsibility
7. If it weren’t for you – client avoids responsibility by projecting it to you
The primary goal in TA is to help the person achieve the I’m OK you’re OK position
Use behaviour management techniques that help a person maintain healthy interactions.
Attempt to maintain a health transaction situation
Don’t use techniques that lead to games
Frustrate client’s attempt to gain strokes though game playing – be aware of your ego state in responding to the client
The appropriate technique will be dependent on the factors in the situation that you are in and your understanding of the client
Structure programming goals to teach the client appropriate ways to structure time for positive strokes
life skills, cooperative activities, social skills, communication skills
Help clients explore potential for behaviour or action using appropriate ego states