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Ancient Music. Glossary Terms. hymns aulos Kithara lyre monophonic Harmonia Ethos. Bone Flute.

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glossary terms
Glossary Terms

hymns

aulos

Kithara

lyre

monophonic

Harmonia

Ethos

bone flute
Bone Flute
  • The oldest bone flute on record is the so-caled “Neanderthal flute” found in a Slovenian Cave in 1995. This flute is estimated to be about 45,000 years old, and was made from the hollow femur of a juvenile cave bear.
slide4

Hymns

-song to a god

  • The earliest composer know to us by name is Enheduanna (2300 B.C.E.), an akkadian high priestess at Ur, who composed hymns to the moon god Nana and moon goddess Ianna
aulos
Aulos
  • -was a pipe typically played in pairs.
  • The aulos was used in the worship of Dionysus, god of fertility and wine.
slide6

The lyre was associated with Apollo, god of light, prophecy, learning, and the arts, especially music and poetry. Learning to play the lyre was a core element of education in Athens. Both men and women played the lyre,which was used to accompany dancing, singing, or recitation of epic poetry such as Homer’s Iliad and Odyssey.

-plucked instrument that usually had seven strings and was strummed with a pick

Lyre
kithara
Kithara
  • -Ancient Greek instrument, a large LYRE

The kithara was a large lyre used

especially for processions and

sacred ceremonies and in the

theatre.

slide8

Monophonic

-consisting of a single unaccompanied

melodic line

Ethos

-one’s ethical character or way of behaving

Harmonia

-unification of parts in an orderly whole.

slide9

The Epitaph of Seikilos

oldest surviving example of a complete musical composition, including musical notation, from anywhere in the world.

The find has been dated variously from around 200 BC to around AD 100.

The Epitaph of Seikilos

Modern Translation

(English Translation)

While you live, Shine

have no grief at all;

life exists only for a short while,

and time demands its toll.

mesopotamia
Mesopotamia

The earliest known music was in the form of a cuneiform tablet, created about 2000 B.C.E.

The so-called Ur tablet, sometimes referred to as the “oldest known song,” was actually a set of

instructions for performing that era’s music.