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Ancient India. Indus River Civilizations. Instructions. Anything in red (STOP and pay close attention) is critical information and should be copied exactly. Anything written in yellow (SLOW down and pay attention) is useful information. You should write it in your notes IN YOUR OWN WORDS.

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ancient india

Ancient India

Indus River Civilizations

instructions
Instructions
  • Anything in red (STOP and pay close attention) is critical information and should be copied exactly.
  • Anything written in yellow (SLOW down and pay attention) is useful information. You should write it in your notes IN YOUR OWN WORDS.
  • Anything in green (GO on to the next point) you do not have to write.
slide3

Early

Civilizations

of

Ancient India

slide5

The Harappan Civilization

3300 BCE - 2400 BCE

harrappan 2700 1900 bce l asted 800 yrs w bank of indus river discovered in 1920
HARRAPPAN2700-1900 BCE lasted 800 yrs!W. Bank of Indus River Discovered in 1920

Mohenjo-daro

2 Cities

Harrappa

mohenjo daro
MOHENJO-DARO
  • “Hill of the Dead”
  • 3 miles long
  • Large ethnic population
  • Well planned city
  • Gridlike
  • Made of Mud Bricks
  • Hundreds of found artifacts
harrappa
Harrappa

3 mi long

Same formation as Mohenjo-daro

slide10

Citadel

Of

Mohenjo-Daro

slide33

Harappan Writing

Undecipherable to date.

slide34

Aryan Invasions and The

Vedic

Age

(1500 BCE - 500 BCE)

instructions1
Instructions
  • Anything in red (STOP and pay close attention) is critical information and should be copied exactly.
  • Anything written in yellow (SLOW down and pay attention) is useful information. You should write it in your notes IN YOUR OWN WORDS.
  • Anything in green (GO on to the next point) you do not have to write.
slide36

Aryan Migration

  • pastoral  depended on their cattle.
  • warriors  horse-drawn chariots.
how did the aryan people get there
How did the Aryan people get there?

Khyber Pass

through Hindu Kush mts.

the the trimurti trinity
The TheTrimurti (Trinity)

Lord Brahma is the creator god

Vishnu is the Protector

Shiva is the destroyer

Brahma was born in a lotus flower in sleeping Vishnu’s navel – He had 5 heads but lost one when he lied to Vishnu and Shiva – now he has 4 which become the Vedas

slide40

The Vedas

  • 1200 BCE-600 BCE.
  • written in SANSKRIT.
  • Hindu core of beliefs:
    • hymns and poems.
    • religious prayers.
    • magical spells.
    • lists of the gods and goddesses.

Rig Veda oldest work.

slide42

The Caste System

Brahmins

WHO IS…

Kshatriyas

  • The mouth?
  • The arms?
  • The legs?
  • The feet?

Vaishyas

Shudras

What is aJATI?

slide43

Varna (Social Hierarchy)

Brahmins

Kshatriyas

Vaishyas

Shudras

Pariahs [Harijan]  Untouchables

the caste system
The Caste System
  • Brahmin– Educated Priest, doctors, scholars etc
  • Kshatriya– Warriors, rulers
  • (These 2 positions changed places)
  • Vaishya– Trade, agriculture, merchants
  • Shudra– Service work, peasants
untouchables
Untouchables
  • Pariahs called Harijan (children of God) stand apart/outside of the caste system.
  • Did the jobs that no one else wanted like skinning animals and dealing with dead corpses.
  • People thought that if they touched these people they would become unclean also.
slide56

The Vedic Age

The foundations for Hinduism were established!