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Ancient India

Ancient India

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Ancient India

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  1. Ancient India The Foundations of Indian Society

  2. India

  3. Indus Valley Civilization • Began about 2500BCE along Indus River • Largest unified civilization before about 1800 • Harappa & Mohenjo-Daro • Very high technology/building skills • Trade major portion of activity • Traded with Mesopotamia, Persia • Writing still undeciphered • Disappeared between 2000 & 1800BCE

  4. Mohenjo-Daro

  5. Drains & Sewer Systems

  6. Undeciphered Writing

  7. Trade • Much Indus Activity appears to have been trade-related • Children’s toys are boats and carts • seals belong to merchants • Indus goods found in Mesopotamia & vice-versa

  8. Maritime Technology • South Asia, including India, Malaysia, Indonesia, were in maritime contact as early as 2500 BCE • spices, cloth, knowledge • Angled square-rig became lateen sail • Dead-reckoning navigation

  9. The Vedic Age • Sometime between 2500 and 1800 BCE • Aryans began moving into India • Farmers • Iron weapons

  10. Vedic India • Vedas (truth) • Rigveda • Collection of stories including beginning of world, Vedic people’s victory over others in India, drinking songs • Reveres Indra • Monistic cosmology