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Rise of a Mass Democracy. Although a New Democracy swept America in the 1820’s, several unresolved issues created conflicts, forcing the emergence of a two-party system. Nullification Bank War Westward Expansion Rise of Whigs. I. Nullification. The Election 1824 (JQA, HC, WC, AJ)

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rise of a mass democracy
Rise of a Mass Democracy

Although a New Democracy swept America in the 1820’s, several unresolved issues created conflicts, forcing the emergence of a two-party system.

  • Nullification
  • Bank War
  • Westward Expansion
  • Rise of Whigs
i nullification
I. Nullification
  • The Election 1824 (JQA, HC, WC, AJ)
    • “A corrupt bargain”
  • Election of 1828
    • The “Revolution of 1828”
    • “Old Hickory”
      • Spoils System
      • “Kitchen Cabinet”
  • The “Tariff of Abominations” (1828)
    • Protection for manufacturers
    • Reaction
      • Is slavery next? (Denmark Vessey)
      • South Carolina Exposition
  • Tariff of 1832 and Nullification Crisis
    • Tariff of 1832
      • Hayne (Nullifier) v. Webster Debates (Unionist)
    • Tariff of 1833
      • “Force Bill”
  • Election of 1832
    • Clay v. Jackson
    • Anti-Masonic Party
    • Expansion of Democracy

Peggy Eaton

Jefferson Day Toast

“The Union of the states and the

Sovereignty of the states” Hayne

“Our Union, it must be preserved” Andy

“The union, next to our liberty, most dear!” Calhoun

bank war
Bank War
  • 2nd BUS 1816. Federal $ deposited, provided responsible credit, and encourage economic development. Mc v. MD (1819) made bank paramount to “wildcat” banks.
  • Jackson supported “wildcat banks” because BUS was aristocratic, monopolistic,
  • And unconstitutional. He clashed with Nicholas Biddle.

3. Henry Clay pushes for recharter. Jackson vetos. Election of 1832, Jackson wins

4. Jackson withdrew federal $ and deposited into select state banks or “pet banks”

5. Additional $ in “pet banks” expanded economy

6. Increase in demand for land. Prices skyrocket

7. Many banks overextended. BUS could have helped pet banks but was destroyed. Specie Circular slams brakes on speculation.

8. Business drops for banks (fewer loans) and banks call in loans to pay bills.

9. Result in panic selling, prices plummet, and borrowers default on their debts.

10. Many banks default.

iii westward expansion
III. Westward Expansion
  • Indian Removal
    • Indian Wars, 1815-1830
      • “JM has made his decision…”
      • Trail of Tears, 1838
    • Black Hawks and Seminoles
  • Birth of Texas
    • Stephen Austin, 1823
    • Independence, 1836
    • Santa Anna’s Army
    • Goliad, Alamo, and San Jacinto
    • No annexation!
iv rise of whigs
IV. Rise of Whigs
  • Election of 1836
    • The Birth of the Whigs

a. Pro-market economy, American System, Nullification OK, Anti-Masons

    • Jackson’s Man-Van Buren
  • Problems of Van Buren
    • Caroline Incident
    • Overspeculation in infastructure and Europe
    • Panic of 1837
    • Divorce Bill, 1840
      • Independent Treasury
  • Election of 1840
    • “Tippacanoe and Tyler Too”
  • New Politics
    • Popular democratic style
    • Creation of a vigorous and durable two party system.
election chronology practice
Election Chronology Practice

__ This election saw the first president seated from “the west” and included such mudslinging topics of duals, adultery and pimping for the Tsar.

__ A strange four-way election puts an icy New Englander in office amid charges of a “corrupt bargain.”

__ This election was won by a candidate who was “issueless and enemyless.”

__ The winner of this election was a “Yes-man” who ran against several regional candidates.

__This election included the first 3rd Party, national nominating conventions, and formal platforms.

chapter 13 vocabulary
Andrew Jackson

John C. Calhoun

Henry clay

Martin Van Buren

William Crawford

John Quincy Adams

Daniel Webster

Nicholas Biddle

Stephen Austin

William Harrison

Sam Houston

John Tyler

Santa Anna

Denmark Vesey




Spoils system

Wildcat banks

Anti-Masonic Party

National Republicans

“Revolution of 1828”

“Corrupt Bargain”

Specie Circular

Tariff of 1833

“Trail of Tears”

Panic of 1837

Divorce Bill

Independent Treasury

“pet” banks

Whig Party

Chapter 13 Vocabulary