UNIT 5: The President and the Executive Branch. 1. The Executive Branch: Executing the Laws. What is the Executive Branch?. X-Branch is more than just the President. It includes: All cabinet level departments most federal agencies, bureaus and commissions
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The President and the
X-Branch is more than just the President.
The Constitution does not specifically mention any of it either! It simply states that the President has the power to:
“take care that the laws be faithfully executed.”
If President dies, resigns or is removed from office, next to take over is….
1. Vice President
2. Speaker of the House
3. President pro tempore of the Senate
4. Secretary of State
5. Secretary of the Treasury
1. Serve as president of Senate (break ties)
2. Decide on presidential disability (25th Amendment)
9 VPs have become President
(4 assassinations, 4 deaths, 1 resignation)
Recently, VPs have increased the profile and power of Vice President after someone made the office a joke....
Curse of the 20s is broken!
“Republicans understand the importance of bondage between a mother and child.”
"I believe we are on an irreversible trend toward more freedom and democracy -- but that could change.”
"One word sums up probably the responsibility of any vice president, and that one word is 'to be prepared.‘”
"A low voter turnout is an indication of fewer people going to the polls."
"I love California, I practically grew up in Phoenix."
44th VP of the USA
Historically, “President in waiting” with little to do.
“The most insignificant office that ever the invention of man contrived or his imagination conceived.” -VP John Adams
“The vice presidency isn’t worth a warm pitcher of spit (or piss)” –VP John Garner
Notice for Japanese “relocation,” 1942
STARTER:1. How many employees worked in the White House office IN FDR’s time? Now?2. Describe and explain 3 criticisms of the “modern presidency”.3. How did 9/11 make being the president easier?4. How has modern media affected the president’s ability to perform his job?5. Describe 3 possible solutions to the problem.
Over the past 225 years, the power of the U.S. President has grown. Why you ask?
1. Executive branch is not divided.
2. Pres. have increased the power of the office (Bush)
3. U.S.A. has become more complex, so has the office.
4. National emergencies require quick response.
5. Congress has increased the size of ex. branch
6. All the president’s roles.
7. Large staff.
8. Media attention.
Coming: Summer of 2019
Starter1. Create a T-Chart listing arguments both FOR and AGAINST the expansion of presidential power.2. What is political capital? How is it gained? When should it be used? Why?
of Cabinet Members
President usually selects a diverse group of cabinet member (geographically and ethnically)
Sec. of Defense
Sec. of State
Sec. of Treasury
All the offices and individuals under the president charged with carrying out the government’s policies
Tried often, but
hard to do.
TAXES: 2010: 2.1 Billion
(Income taxes are progressive…rich pay more)
You make < $22,100 =15% income tax
You make > $ 250, 000 = 39% income tax
BORROWING: Over the past 50 years the US Gov’t usually spends more than it makes, so it has to borrow.
How? Sells Treasury Bonds: Gov’t IOUs w/ interest
Public Debt today:
Is this good or bad?
2/3 of this is spent on entitlements (SS, Medicare ,etc.)
Dept. of Defense: 515 B
War on Terror
Key Economic Factors:
The Fed (Fed’l Reserve Bank) implements monetary policy by:
2.Sets % of money banks must have in vault
3. Sets interest rates for banks
(AKA Issue Network)