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Georgia Studies. Unit 4 – the Executive Branch. Executive Branch in Georgia. SS8CG3 The student will analyze the role of the executive branch in Georgia state government. a. Explain the qualifications, term, election, and duties of the governor and lieutenant governor.

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Georgia Studies

Unit 4 – the Executive Branch

executive branch in georgia
Executive Branch in Georgia
  • SS8CG3 The student will analyze the role of the executive branch in Georgia state government.
  • a. Explain the qualifications, term, election, and duties of the governor and lieutenant governor.
  • b. Describe the organization of the executive branch, with emphasis on major policy areas of state programs; include education, human resources, public safety, transportation, economic development, and natural resources.
  • c. Evaluate how the executive branch fulfills its role through state agencies that administer programs and enforce laws.
  • ESSENTIAL QUESTION
    • How does the governor and the agencies of the executive branch protect the citizens of the state?
federal system
Federal System
  • The Federal government is divided into three branches – Legislative, Executive, and Judicial.
  • The State government of Georgia is also divided into three branches – Legislative, Executive, and Judicial.
  • The United States Executive Branch is led by the President and Vice President.
  • GA’s Executive Branch is led by the Governor and Lieutenant Governor.
governor and lieutenant governor
Governor and Lieutenant Governor
  • Qualifications –

• 30 years old

  • U.S. citizen for fifteen years
  • Citizen of Georgia for six years
  • Term – The term of office for the Governor and Lieutenant Governor is 4 years. The Governor may run for and serve a second term. For the Lieutenant Governor there is no limit on the number of terms.
governor and lieutenant governor1
Governor and Lieutenant Governor
  • Election – Both the Governor and Lieutenant Governor are elected by the citizens of Georgia.
  • Unlike the President and Vice President of the United States the Governor and Lieutenant Governor of Georgia do not run on the same ticket or need to be in the same party.
duties of the governor
Duties of the Governor

• Elected by a popular vote of all eligible Georgia voters

  • Serves four-year terms
  • May propose new programs or laws
  • Is limited to two consecutive terms
  • May call special legislative sessions or veto bills
  • May propose and direct the state budget
  • May appoint members of state boards
governor
Governor

Nathan Deal – Republican that took office in 2011

duties of the lieutenant governor
Duties of the Lieutenant Governor
  • If the office of governor becomes vacant, the Lt. Governor takes over until the next election…THEREFORE…
  • The qualifications for office are identical to the Governor’s
  • Unlike the Governor, the Lt. Governor has no terms limits
duties of the lieutenant governor1
Duties of the Lieutenant Governor
  • Unlike President and Vice President of the U.S., the Governor and Lt. Governor do not run on the same ticket. It is possible, then, for them to be in different political parties!!!
  • The Lt. Governor is President of the Senate and is, therefore, the only officer who is a member of two branches of government!!!
lieutenant governor
Lieutenant Governor
  • In 2006, Casey Cagle became the first Republican to ever hold that office.
other members of the executive branch
Other Members of the Executive Branch

According to the Georgia Constitution, there are six other elected members of the Executive Branch:

1. Attorney General – serves as the state’s attorney in court

2. Secretary of State – handles all administrative duties in the state, including recordkeeping, chartering new businesses, supervising elections, and regulating the sale of corporate stocks and bonds

other members of the executive branch1
Other Members of the Executive Branch

3. State School Superintendent – heads the Department of Education; certifies teachers, approves textbooks and distributes educational funds; this department has the largest budget of all state agencies

4. Agriculture Commissioner – oversees and regulates the state’s agriculture industry, including food production, consumer safety, and livestock (decisions made by this office are critical to the economy, since agriculture is a major industry in GA)

other members of the executive branch2
Other Members of the Executive Branch

5. Insurance Commissioner – regulates insurance businesses and protects consumers

6. Labor Commissioner – investigates labor complaints, works to protect the health and safety of industrial workers, and handles unemployment insurance

what do you remember
What do you remember?

___ 1. Represents GA in a murder case A. Attorney General

___ 2. Investigates new company selling B. Secretary of State

life insurance in Georgia C. State School Superintendant

___ 3. Sets salaries for state teachers D. Agricultural Commissioner

___ 4. Calls for volunteers to help at E. Insurance Commissioner

Polling places on election day F. Labor Commissioner

___ 5. Promotes 4-H programs to

Interest young people in agriculture

___ 6. Investigates charges of unsafe work

conditions in a chemical plant

organization of the executive branch
Organization of the Executive Branch
  • Made up of many different offices, or departments. Leaders of the departments are either chosen directly by Georgia voters or are appointed by the Governor.
  • Examples of Departments with Elected Commissioners:
organization of the executive branch1
Organization of the Executive Branch
  • Examples of Departments with Appointed Commissioners: