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FAA Weather Processors: Display, Integration and Evaluation (Segment Five). Status / Update for Friends / Partners in Aviation Weather Forum. Alfred Moosakhanian En Route Future Automation October 13, 2004. FAA Weather Processors. WARP - Weather and Radar Processor

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faa weather processors display integration and evaluation segment five

FAA Weather Processors:Display, Integration and Evaluation(Segment Five)

Status / Update

for

Friends / Partners in Aviation Weather Forum

Alfred Moosakhanian

En Route Future Automation

October 13, 2004

faa weather processors
FAA Weather Processors
  • WARP - Weather and Radar Processor
  • CIWS – Corridor Integrated Weather System
  • Weather in the Cockpit:
    • FIS Data Link (FISDL)
    • FIS-Broadcast (FIS-B)
weather and radar processor
Weather and Radar Processor

WARP Program Description:

  • Integrated, interactive weather workstation for meteorologists at each ARTCC and the ATCSCC
  • Provides weather display to traffic flow manager, air-traffic controllers, and air traffic sector manager
  • FAA’s En Route/ATCSCC aviation weather database
    • Provides data to other National Airspace System (NAS) entities using the Weather Information Network Server (WINS)
nexrad mosaic products
Nexrad Mosaic Products
  • WARP currently provides NEXRAD Mosaics to air-traffic controllers on the Display System Replacement (DSR) screen by 4 products:
    • 0 - 60,000 feet:

Composite Reflectivity (CR)

    • 0 - 24,000 feet:

(Low) Layer CR

    • 24,000 - 33,000 feet

(High) Layer CR

    • 33,000 - 60,000 feet

(Super-high) Layer CR

  • Air-traffic controllers using these products will view the NAS with complete “ground to air” coverage
optimal mosaic products
Optimal Mosaic Products

Provides latest technology advances:

  • More accurate weather displays
  • Increased views of “young” thunderstorms – as they develop
  • Higher reflectivity resolution products – using improved algorithms
  • Removal of radar clutter and anomalous propagation (AP)
  • Ability to display lightning strike data

By the end of 1st Quarter of FY05:

WARP Optimal Mosaic products will provide:

  • 3 Optimal Mosaics:
    • 0 – 60,000 feet: Composite Reflectivity (CR)
    • 0 – 24,000 feet: CR
    • 24,000 - 60,000 feet: CR
  • One Maximum Contributor Mosaic:
    • 0 – 60,000 feet: CR
corridor integrated weather system

60

50

1997

40

1998

1999

30

2000

Thousands of Delays

2001

20

2002

2003

10

2004

0

Jan

Feb

Mar

Apr

May

Jun

Jul

Aug

Sep

Oct

Nov

Dec

Month

Corridor Integrated Weather System

NAS Capacity / Delay Problem:

- Substantial delays and capacity

constraints occur as a result of

convective activity

- Impact particularly acute in summer

months in NE corridor

- CIWS

- Demonstration system started 2001

-- to evaluate impacts of improved

weather products to improve

capacity

- Current Capabilities

-- 2 hour convective weather forecast

- self scoring

-- High resolution echo tops product

-- Fast update NEXRAD/ASR-9

mosaics

-- Storm Growth and Decay trend

OPSNET Weather Delays

  • Peak delays – Summer convective storm season.
  • Airline over scheduling caused high delays in Fall
  • of 2000 (LGA) and Fall 2003 - Spring 2004 (ORD)
ciws domain and benefits

6

3

# of aircraft

1 Situational awareness

9 Shorter/fewer ground stops

2 Interfacility coordination

10 Directing traffic through gaps

3 Routes open longer

11 Improved safety

4 Improved Arrival Transition

12 Close route proactively

Area (ATA) management

13 Optimize runway usage

5 Reduce workload

14 Avoid ground stop

6 Proactive reroutes

15 Reduced MIT restrictions

7 Directing pathfinders

16 Improved use of Ground Delay

8 More SWAP departures

Programs (GDP)

CIWS Domain and Benefits

CIWS 2004 Domain

ASR-9

NEXRAD

NEXRAD

(New)

Canadian

Quantified Delay Benefits

Status

3500

3314

3000

--Operate CIWS demonstration system

serving Boston-NY-DC-Chicago Corridor

--Added NavCanada coverage for

Northern Playbook route coverage

--Provided CIWS displays for ZMP and

ZKC

2500

Annual benefit 28,383-57,060 hours delay reduction

($108.7 M - $216.4 M)

2000

Annual Benefit Occurrences

Annual benefit 11,702 hours delay reduction

($41.8 M)

1500

1289

953

756

749

1000

439

311

276

500

196

194

183

157

110

110

69

52

14

Future Enhancements

0

11

12

10

13

14

15

16

9

3

4

5

6

7

8

1

2

--Winter Forecast product

--High resolution echo tops forecast

--Convective initiation

weather in the cockpit status
Weather in the Cockpit - Status
  • National Service
    • FISDL: service through FAA-Industry agreement with Honeywell
      • 159 transmitter sites, covering 90% of major flyways @ 5K
      • Additional gap-filling sites planned
    • Cockpit Products: Text free, Graphics through subscription; Area products recently added
  • Regional Service (Pockets)
    • FIS-B: service through Universal Access Transceiver (UAT) network
      • 24 initial transmitter sites along East Coast + Flagstaff, all operating by December 2004
        • Pocket implementations support establishing baseline for JRC decision for national UAT deployment
    • Cockpit Products: Free service (Text and Graphics)
cockpit display examples
Cockpit Display Examples

Visit Exhibits:

FISDL: Honeywell

(Booth # 4201)

FIS-B: Safe Flight 21

(Booth # 7819)

on going actions
On-Going Actions
  • Publication of standards/guidance:
    • Aircraft Certification (AIR-130):
      • TSO C-157 and AC 20-FIS (ref: RTCA DO-267A): public comments received – target Oct04 publication
    • Flight Standards (AFS-400):
      • Aeronautical Information Manual (AIM)
        • Updating to include information on UAT network (ADS-B, FIS-B and TIS-B) and guidance on use of TFR cockpit displays
      • AC 00-FIS: legal review completed - target Oct 04 publication
  • Product Development
    • METAR/TAF/PIREP plain language decoders (NCAR)
    • NOTAM/TFR database access (FAA NAIMES program)
    • NEXRAD display assessment (FAA WJHTC)
    • NEXRAD looping display assessment (NASA AWIN)