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Customs and Courtesies. CAPP 151, 1 January 1989 AFPAM 36-2241, Vol. 1, 1 July 1995. Overview. Custom and Courtesy Defined Respect for the Flag Saluting Rank, Recognition and Respect Titles of Address Military Etiquette. Custom and Courtesy Defined.

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Customs and courtesies

Customs and Courtesies

CAPP 151, 1 January 1989

AFPAM 36-2241, Vol. 1, 1 July 1995


  • Custom and Courtesy Defined

  • Respect for the Flag

  • Saluting

  • Rank, Recognition and Respect

  • Titles of Address

  • Military Etiquette

Custom and courtesy defined
Custom and Courtesy Defined

  • Custom: An act or ceremony stemming from tradition which is enforceable as an unwritten law.

  • Courtesy: An act of respect or politeness paid to people or symbols. Military courtesy is based on mutual respect among members of a unique profession.

Respect for the flag
Respect for the Flag

  • Two musical tributes: National Anthem and To the Colors-- Once first note is played:

    • Uniform--Outdoors: Come to attention, face the flag (or direction of music) and salute.

    • Uniform-- Indoors: Face the flag and stand at attention, do not salute.

    • Civilian Clothing--Outdoors: Same action as in uniform--salute is right hand over the heart (hat over the left shoulder).(cont)

Respect for the flag cont
Respect for the Flag (cont)

  • Civilian Clothing--Indoors: Stand at attention and place right hand over the heart.

  • Vehicle: Driver stops, all personnel remain quietly seated (do not get out of the vehicle).

  • Disposition of the Flag: When condition is no longer a fitting emblem for display, destroy it in a dignified manner--burning. (cont)

  • Respect for the flag cont1
    Respect for the Flag (cont)

    • Flag Ceremonies:

      • Reveille: Signals the start of the official duty day--National Anthem or To the Colors is played.

      • Retreat: Serves a twofold purpose; signals end of the official duty day and serves as a ceremony for paying respect to the flag. (cont)

    Respect for the flag continued
    Respect for the Flag (continued)

    • Reville: Military style uniform--render military salute. Other CAP uniform or civilian clothes--stand at attention with right hand over heart (remove headdress).

    • Retreat: Bugle call “Retreat” sounded, followed by either National Anthem or To the Colors--stop, face, salute. Vehicle; stop and sit at attention.


    • Courtesy exchanged between members of CAP when in military-style uniform--greeting and symbol of mutual respect.

    • Do Salute:

      • When in military-style uniform.

      • President, Medal of Honor recipients, commissioned and warrant officers.

      • Indoors when formally reporting in to an officer senior in rank.

      • On military installation--salute all officers, warrant officers, and staff vehicles (flag or metal plate). (cont)

    Saluting cont
    Saluting (cont)

    • Do Not Salute:

      • When carrying articles in both hands--verbal greeting should be exchanged.

      • Designated covered area/no salute area (aircraft marshaling/flightline).

      • Military formation--senior person salutes.

      • Public gathering--sporting event.

    Rank, Recognition and Respect (R3)

    • R3 are common acts of courtesy by all CAP members that aid in maintaining discipline and promoting smooth conduct of affairs.

      • Always give seniors position of honor: Right.

      • Report-in by removing hat, knocking once and entering when told to do so--two paces from desk, halt, salute and report-in.

      • Rise and stand at attention when senior official enters the room.(cont)

    Rank recognition and respect cont
    Rank, Recognition and Respect (cont)

    • Junior personnel enter aircraft/automobiles first (sit to the left) and exit last.

    • Military courtesy and respect are “two-way streets”--officers must practice courtesy and good human relations when dealing with subordinates.

    • RHIP--rank has its privileges--do not abuse.

    Titles of address
    Titles of Address

    • All military personnel are addressed by their title/rank--acceptable for senior person to address subordinates by first name.

      • Sir, Ma’am, Doctor, Chaplain, Father, etc., in place of title/rank can all be used.

      • Cadets are addressed by “Cadet” or by their title/rank by senior members (Mr or Miss is acceptable).

    Military etiquette
    Military Etiquette

    • Etiquette is defined as common, everyday courtesy. Everyone must practice good manners such as:

      • Say “Please” and “Thank You”

      • Don’t keep people waiting

      • Don’t gossip

      • Use proper telephone etiquette

      • Call if you’re going to be late

      • Don’t interrupt


    • Custom and Courtesy Defined

    • Respect for the Flag

    • Saluting

    • Rank, Recognition and Respect

    • Titles of Address

    • Military Etiquette