project management l.
Skip this Video
Download Presentation
Project Management

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 44

Project Management - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

  • Uploaded on

Project Management. Rita M Anderson, PMP Directory of Project Management & Engineering University Technology Services. What Is Project Management?. Project Temporary endeavor undertaken to create a unique product or service, or result. (PMBOK) Project Management

I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'Project Management' - mab

Download Now An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
project management

Project Management

Rita M Anderson, PMP

Directory of Project Management & Engineering

University Technology Services

what is project management
What Is Project Management?
  • Project
    • Temporary endeavor undertaken to create a unique product or service, or result. (PMBOK)
  • Project Management
    • Application of knowledge, skills, tools, and techniques to project activities to meet project requirements. (PMBOK)
why project management
Why Project Management?
  • Today’s Small Business
    • Single product or service focused
    • Sales
    • Marketing
    • Engineering
    • Manufacturing
    • Delivery
    • Support
why project management4

Project Management




IT, HR, Learning




Why Project Management
  • PM Began with NASA
  • Today’s Corporations
    • Multiple lines of Business
    • Vertical Specialties
    • Projects Cut AcrossAll Departments
chaos report standish group
CHAOS Report – Standish Group

CHAOS Report - 1994

CHAOS Report 2004

34% Classified as Successful (Up to 35% in Latest Report)

15% Failure Rate

Only $55B of $255B Wasted

  • Study of IT Projects
  • 16.2% of Projects Classified as Successful
  • 31% of IT Projects Fail
  • $140B of $250B in total US Projects $’s Wasted
why the improvement
Why the Improvement?
  • Jim Johnson, Chairman
    • Improved Project Management
    • Iterative Development
    • Emergence of Web Technologies

Source: SD Times, 3/2007

software development models
Software Development Models
  • “Just Do It” Model
    • Code and Fix and Fix and Fix…..
  • Waterfall
  • Modified Waterfall
  • Iterative or Agile
  • Extreme Programming (Rapid Prototyping)
traditional waterfall
Traditional Waterfall





Code &






modified waterfall
Modified Waterfall





Code & Debug

System Testing

Acceptance Testing


iterative or agile methods
Iterative or Agile Methods
  • More Flexibility than Traditional Waterfall Methods
  • Break the Project Down into Small Phases
  • Execute the Waterfall Process on an Iterative Basis
    • Less Documentation, More Communication
    • More User Involvement, Especially in Testing
    • Ideal for Smaller Development Teams
  • Extreme Programming Forces Much More Overlap
the project lifecycle
The Project Lifecycle
  • Project Management Process Groups
    • Initiation
      • Defines and authorizes the project or phase of the project
    • Planning
      • Refines the objectives and plans the course of action
    • Executing
      • Integrates people and other resources to carry out project
    • Monitoring & Controlling
      • Regularly measures progress; takes corrective action when needed
    • Closure
      • Formalizes acceptance of the final product, service, or result

(Reference: PMBOK)

how uts runs projects
How UTS Runs Projects



Execution & Control


project initiation concept
Project Initiation - Concept
  • Sponsor
    • The person or group that provides the resources for the project.
    • The high level executive who is “championing” the project.
    • Projects that are not well sponsored typically fare poorly.
  • Charter
    • Formally authorizes the existence of a project and provides the project manager with the authority to apply organizational resources to project activities.
    • Defines objectives for the project and a high level view of customer expectations.
  • Establish the Project Team
    • The group of subject matter experts that will be working together on the project.

(Reference: PMBOK)

know your stakeholders
Know Your Stakeholders
  • Stakeholders
    • Persons or organizations, such as customers, sponsors, performing organizations, and the public, that are actively involved in the project, orwhose interests may be positively or negatively impacted by execution or completion of the project.

(Reference: PMBOK)

  • Understand What Your Customer Expects the Project to Produce.
    • Avoid the trap of “Vague Requirements”
    • Avoid the Rock Hunt Exercise
requirements exercise
Requirements Exercise
  • Develop a Website for Outlook Training
  • Allow Faculty & Staff to
    • Review the Available Classes
    • Sign Up for the Class of Their Choice
  • Link to the University E-mail Information Center
examples of bad requirements
Examples of Bad Requirements
  • The application must be user friendly.
  • The application must perform well.
  • The application must be highly available.
  • The application must integrate with the new Payroll system.
  • Requirements Planning Takes Time
    • Specific, Measurable, Testable
    • Investing Time Up Front Saves Time Later
generating good requirements
Generating Good Requirements
  • Brainstorming, Delphi Method
  • Use Cases
  • Prototypes
  • Review with a group of Stakeholders
  • What Happens when Stakeholders Don’t Agree?
    • Project Manager must facilitate the discussion and compromise.
    • Project Manager should use the Project Sponsor to “break the tie.”
  • IT Managers cited poor requirements as one of the main reasons projects fail [Standish Group, 2000 ]
managing the triple constraint
Managing the Triple Constraint
  • 3 Key Factors
    • Scope
    • Time
    • Cost
  • Determine Whichis the Highest Priority and Can Not Change





project planning
Scope Management

Cost Management

Procurement Management

Time Management (Schedule)

Quality Management

Communications Management

Integration Management

Human Resource Management

Risk Management

Project Planning

Project Management Knowledge Areas:

(Reference: PMBOK)

sample project
Sample Project
  • Objective: Develop a solution to generate network user accounts for USC students and faculty/staff.
  • Key Requirements
    • Source of record for student info is the Student Database
    • Source of record for employee is in the HR Database
    • Create account when student is admitted
    • Eliminate student account 1 Yr after last class taken
    • Comply with FERPA regulations
    • Provide employee account from hire throughtermination
scope management
Scope Management
  • Refine the Objectives
    • Specify what will be included
    • Specify what will not be included
  • List Assumptions
  • List Constraints
  • Review with Project Team & Stakeholders
  • Communicate, Communicate, Communicate
avoid scope creep
Avoid Scope Creep
  • What’s Scope Creep?
    • Unauthorized Changes in Requirements
    • Additional Features that Just Appear
  • Example:
    • Provide accounts to retirees
    • Provide accounts to alumni
    • Provide accounts to faculty members from other schools who are collaborating with USC faculty on research
cost management
Cost Management
  • Keep Costs Within Budget
    • Know Your Budget
    • Track Costs Regularly
  • Factors to Consider
    • Cost of Labor – Time is Money!
    • Cost of Contractors Vs. Employees
    • Time Value of $’s for Multi-Year Projects
other knowledge areas
Other Knowledge Areas
  • Procurement Management
    • Decide How to Proceed
    • Make Vs. Buy Decision
  • Human Resource Management
    • Invest Time in Making the Team a Team.
  • Integration Management
    • Know the Environment.
    • Understand the Constraints and Assumptions.
communications management
Communications Management
  • 90% of Project Management is Communications!
  • Determine Up Front
    • Who to Include
    • What to Communicate
    • When (How Often to Provide Updates)
    • How: Meetings, E-mail, Web Posts, etc.
  • Include Some Form of Regular Communication to All Stakeholders!
time management
Time Management
  • Scheduling
    • Determine the Work Breakdown Structure
    • Work Units – Typically No More than 80 Hrs of Work Each
    • Determine the Optimal Sequencing
    • Determine the Dependencies
    • Manage the Critical Path!
quality management
Quality Management
  • Quality Planning
    • Identifying which quality standards are relevant and how to satisfy them.
  • Quality Assurance
    • Evaluating overall performance to ensure that standards are met.
  • Quality Control
    • Monitoring specific results to determine if they comply with standards and addressing how to resolve issues if needed.

(Reference: PMBOK)

defect removal
Defect Removal

“The longer a defect remains undetected, the more expensive it becomes to correct.”


Steve McConnell,

defect prevention
Defect Prevention

“An unstable organization can not consistently produce high quality products.”

  • Focus on Defect Prevention
    • Clearly Defined Roles, Responsibilities – Up to 15% Reduction
    • Formalized Procedures – Up to 25% Reduction
    • Repeatable Processes – Up to 35% Reduction
    • Controls and Measures in Place – Up to 30% Reduction

Source: David Longstreeet,

capability maturity model integration
Capability Maturity Model Integration


Quantitatively Managed


Repeatable [Managed]




CMMI was developed by the Software Engineering Institute (SEI) at Carnegie Mellon University

architect design
Architect & Design
  • Different Solutions Require Different Approaches
    • Use Cases
    • Rapid Prototype
    • Pseudo Code
    • Flowcharts
  • Design Verification
    • Design and Code Reviews
    • Validate that Each Requirement Can be Tested
    • Define the Test Plan During Design
development test
Development & Test
  • Detailed, Labor Intensive Tasks
  • Best Practice: Implement Peer Review of Code
  • Avoid “Gold Plating”
    • Code to the Requirements
  • Stages of Testing
    • Unit Test
    • Systems Testing
    • Acceptance Testing
risk management
Risk Management
  • Key Area for Project Manager
  • Risk Identification
    • Lessons Learned from Previous Projects
    • Brainstorming with the Team
    • Ask Subject Matter Experts
  • Risk Quantification
  • Risk Response Development
  • Risk Response Control
  • Risk Should Reduce as Project Progresses

(Reference: PMBOK)

some classic mistakes
Some Classic Mistakes
  • People-Related
    • Adding people late to a project
    • Unrealistic Expectations
  • Process-Related Mistakes
    • Insufficient Planning
    • Overly Optimistic Schedules
  • Product-Related Mistakes
    • Feature Creep

Source: S. McConnell, Software Project Survival Guide

managing issues
Managing Issues
  • Managing the Plan is an on-going task
  • Track All Issues
    • Assign some form of numbering scheme
    • Description of Issue
    • Priority
    • Owner
    • Date Identified
    • Date to be Resolved
    • Status
project execution control
Project Execution & Control
  • Status Updates Frequently
  • Establish Metrics Upfront and Track Metrics
  • Adjust When Issues Occur
    • Deal with Problems BEFORE They Occur
    • Project Schedule Slips BEFORE They are realized
    • Exercise Contingency Planning
project closure
Project Closure
  • Ensure that Stakeholders “Accept” the Product, Service, or Result
  • Archive All Project Documentation
  • Transition the On-going Product Support to Operations
  • Hold Lessons Learned
  • Celebrate the Team’s Success
portfolio management
Portfolio Management
  • Most Companies Have Multiple High Priority Projects In Progress Concurrently
  • Portfolio Management -> Balancing Priorities
  • PMO Can Assist
    • Ensure that Projects Move through the Pipeline Efficiently
    • Assist in Managing Resources
    • Ensure Consistency in Practice & Delivery
project management squares
Project Management Squares
  • Object of the Game: Obtain Funding for your Project
  • Process: Project Managers take turns claiming squares, similar to tic-tac-toe
  • Funding is secured as follows:
    • Each square that is in a row or column of 3 or more counts as $10,000 per square
    • A square’s value can only be counted once.
  • Minimal Funding = $30,000
  • Expected Funding = $40,000 - $70,000
  • Well Funded = $80,000+
more information
More Information
  • UTS Projects
  • E-Mail Project or the UTS Project Office
    • Contact Rita Anderson
      • 803-777-7507