A trip to India By Amita Plantz ED 417
To find India on a world map: • Locate Asia. • India is a large country in southern Asia. • India has a long “tale” that sticks out into the Indian Ocean. On this map, what color is India? ORANGE
Republic of India _______________________ Location: South Asia Capital of India: New Delhi Official Language: Hindi Currency: Rupee (34 rupees = 1 dollar) How many rupees would I have if I had 4 dollars?
Subcontinent India is a large country in southern Asia. It is separated from the rest of Asia by the Himalayan Mountains. Because it is so big and cut off from the rest of the continent, it is called a subcontinent. To the south of India is the Indian Ocean. India is the seventh largest country in the world. It has deserts, jungles, mountains, forests, and farms. The major rivers are the Indus River and the Ganges River. Big cities include New Delhi, Calcutta, Bombay, and Bangalore. India has half as many states as the U.S. has. How many states are in India?
Agriculture Exports: tea, clothing, jewelry, iron ore, leather Imports: food, gems, iron and steel, chemicals Main crops: rice, wheat, tea, sugar cane, spices
The Flag ________________________________________The top stripe is dark gold, the middle stripe is white, and the bottom stripe is green. The blue wheel in the middle is the Wheel of Life.
Climate December to March ~~~~ Cold April to May ~~~~ Very hot (Often over 100 degrees) June to September ~~~~ Monsoon season October to November ~~~ less rain MONSOONS Monsoons are huge rain storms that come in from the Indian Ocean. They bring enough rain to supply water for the whole year. These storms have strong winds. They can flood and destroy farms and houses. Some have even killed people. Are there storms like these in the United States?
History Long ago, India was ruled by Mogul emperors. Then the empire fell apart into smaller kingdoms, ruled by maharajas. By the 1600’s, Europeans had come into India to trade for Indian spices, silks, cotton cloth, and tea. In 1857, the British took control of India and ruled there until 1947. One very important man, Mohandas Gandhi helped India gain independence. Gandhi practiced civil disobedience. That means that he would not do what the British wanted, but he was never violent.
Taj Mahal At about the same time the pilgrims were landing at Plymouth Rock, the Taj Mahal was built. That was almost 400 years ago. It took over ten years to build. More than twenty thousand people and one thousand elephants helped build it. . . .but why was it built? Any ideas? The Taj Mahal is in Agra near the capital of India. What is the capital of India?
The story behind the Taj Mahal Shah Jahan was the emperor of India from 1628 to 1658. He deeply loved his wife MumtazMahal. She died in 1631 when she was giving birth to their fourteenth child. The emperor was so heartbroken that he decided to build a massive tomb in honor of their love. The two of them were buried together inside the TajMahal. Since Shah Jahan loved his wife so much, he used only the finest marble. He also made sure that beautiful gems decorated her tomb. The TajMahal is one of the wonders of the world. It is also a great tribute to love.
Cricket In India, the popular sport is cricket. The game of cricket is played with a batsman, a wicket keeper, a bowler, and fielders. The bowler rolls the ball toward the batsman. The wicket keeper stands behind the batsman. The batsman hits the ball with a bat and runs back and forth between the bowler and the wicket keeper to score runs. The fielders try to catch the ball to get the batsman out. Sports
Celebrating the New Year The Hindu New Year falls in October or November of each year. It is called Diwali, the Festival of Lights. For Diwali, people get dressed up in new clothes, send cards to friends and family, and give out presents. Since it is the Festival of Lights, fireworks light up the sky. What building is in the picture?
Going to the Movies We love to watch movies in America. Hollywood is the biggest producer of films in the world, right? WRONG! India produces about eight hundred movies a year. That’s even more than Hollywood. Indian families love to go to the movies just as much as we do. Can you think of American movies or television shows that you have seen with Indian actors or actresses in them?
Wildlife What kinds of animals do you think you would find in India? Below is a list of animals that can be found in India: Lions Deer Bears Rhinoceroses Snakes Elephants Camels Monkeys Tigers (National animal) Peacocks (National bird) Did any surprise you?
Clothing Many women in India wear beautiful saris. Their clothing is brightly colored. For special events, women wear saris with gold embroidery and sequins. Men usually wear dhotis. They are loose pants, similar to pajamas. In big cities, men wear American style clothing. Children wear jeans, T-shirts, and skirts at home. They usually have uniforms for school. Indian women love to wear jewelry. They wear earrings, nose rings, bangles (bracelets), anklets, rings, necklaces, and even jewelry in their hair!
Did you know? YOGA Hindi phrase meaning loose trousers PAJAMAS Game of skill played on a checkerboard with moveable pieces CHESS Expensive sweaters made from goat hair in a region of India CASHMERE This digit means nothing, but can greatly change the value of a number when added onto the end of a number ZERO A brand of clothing; also a game played while riding horses POLO
Other Indian Words You may or may not know these other Indian words. In your groups, discuss what you think these words mean. If you don’t know what they are, look them up! Each group will explain to the class the meaning of one of these words, so make sure you know what they all mean! • Jungle • Thug • Bungalow • Veranda • Guru • Nirvana • Karma • Bazaar
Indian Treats We will make KELA AUR SANTRA KI LASSI (Banana and Orange Shake): 2 teaspoons sugar 2 large bananas, peeled ½ teaspoon salt and sliced 2 small containers 2 large oranges, peeled of plain yogurt and segmented Mix the sugar, salt, and yogurt together. Add the bananas and oranges, and stir until everything is well mixed. Serve chilled. Recipe from India: One Nation, Many Traditions by Megan Cifarelli
Animal Game Which of the following animals can be found in India? Answers will follow. India has tigers, lions, elephants, and rhinoceroses. Where would you find a dolphin, penguin, panda bear, and kangaroo?
Kabaddi Many Indian children play Kabaddi, which is a game similar to tag. There is no equipment. You just need four or more people to play. HERE’S HOW TO PLAY: 1. Divide players into two equal teams. Each team is on opposite sides of the playing area. Whichever team starts has to pick a player to run to the other team’s side. 2. The runner takes a deep breath. The runner tries to tag the other team’s players without taking another breath. The runner has to keep saying “kabaddi-kabaddi” so he/she can’t take another breath. 3. The other players try not to get tagged. Those who get tagged try to catch the runner before he/she runs back to his/her side. 4. If the runner does not make it back to his/her side without taking a breath, the runner is out. If the runner doesmakes it back without taking a breath, then the players who got tagged are out. 5. Teams take turns sending runners. The team with the most players left wins.
Rangoli Art Rangoli is the traditional art of decorating walls and courtyards with designs. Indian women make a paste out of flour and color it with crushed flowers and spices. They often compete to make the best designs. • We will make Rangoli designs using paint and mural paper. • Each group will start with a basic design made of shapes. • You will keep using that design to make a bigger design to fill your mural paper. • You may use any colors available and any design made of shapes. There are patterns of triangles, circles, rectangles, squares that you may trace if you want. • Make sure everyone in your group takes part in the mural in some way. • We will display the murals in the room.
India What did you learn about India? What part did you like the best? Why? What will you tell your friends about? What will you tell your family about?