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History of the Persian Empire 486 B.C. 465 B.C. 330 B.C. 220- 650 A.D. 522 B.C. 2000 B.C. 525 B.C. 539 B.C. 530 B.C.
2000 B.C. The Persians and the Aryans split ways in Central Asia. The Persians move west towards Mesopotamia. In 1000 B.C. the Persians split ways with the Medians and moved south towards the Persian Gulf. 2000 B.C.
539 B.C. Cyrus the Great conquers Babylon and establishes the largest land empire the world had ever seen. The “Cyrus Cylinder” pictured above is a clay tablet inscribed with Akkadian Cuneiform. It was discovered in the ruins of Babylon in 1879. It describes the “liberation” of Babylon by Cyrus the great. 539 B.C.
530 B.C. Cyrus the Great dies and his son Cambyses takes the thrown. Cyrus’s mausoleum at Pasargat. 530 B.C.
525 B.C. Cyrus’s son Cambyses extents the borders of the empire even further by conquering Egypt. 525 B.C.
522 B.C. Cyrus’s nephew and Cambyses’s cousin Darius comes to power and organizes the empire allowing it to thrive and survive. 522 B.C.
In the 1909 painting, Xerxes is shown attending the “Lashing of the Hellespont” . After the waters destroyed the bridge which the Persians built to transport their army to Europe, Xerxes ordered the water to be lashed and chained as a punishment. 486 B.C. Darius the Great dies and passes his empire to his son Xerxes. 486 B.C.
The tombs of Darius the Great, Xerxes, Artaxerxes, and Darius II carved into a cliff 12 kilometers northwest of Persepolis. Known as the necropolis of Naqsh-e Rustam. 465 B.C. Xerxes dies and passes the empire to his son Artaxerxes. 465 B.C.
The ruins of Persepolis in Central Iran. • The site was chosen by Cyrus the Great. • Darius the Great began construction on the city. • Xerxes the great finished the building projects of his father.
330 B.C. The Persian Empire is conquered by Macedonian King Alexander the Great. The Alexander Mosaic, made in 100 BC, is a Roman floor mosaic from the House of the Faun in Pompeii. 330 B.C.
220-650 A.D. The Persian Empire is revived under the Sassanid Dynasty. 220- 650 A.D.