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Aim: How do you read an OTC label?. Do Now: Quickly write down important facts from your homework and place hw on my desk. Psychoactive drugs. These drugs operate on the "lock-and-key" principle. The drug is the “key” and performs the following:

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aim how do you read an otc label

Aim: How do you read an OTC label?

Do Now: Quickly write down important facts from your homework and place hw on my desk.

psychoactive drugs
Psychoactive drugs
  • These drugs operate on the "lock-and-key" principle. The drug is the “key” and performs the following:
    • fits into the "lock," causing the nerve cell (neuron) to discharge its chemicals
    • "jams" the lock, preventing the nerve cell from discharging.
purpose
Purpose
  • Psychoactive drugs alters brain function which results in temporary changes in mood, perception, or behavior.
  • Examples:
    • Anesthesia, anti-depressants, anti-psychotics
otc labels
OTC Labels
  • Active Ingredient: The active ingredient is the therapeutic substance that makes the product work, as well as the purpose of the product.
  • Uses: Under this heading, you’ll find the symptoms the product relieves or prevents. When choosing a medication, target this list.
  • Warnings: This section is extremely important because it tells you when not to use an OTC product. This section also lists any side effects you may experience when using the product, such as drowsiness or excitability.
otc labels1
OTC Labels
  • Inactive Ingredients: This section lists substances in the product that don’t enhance its effectiveness but can make it easier to take, such as flavorings.
  • Directions: This area designates how to take the medicine, how much to take, how often and how long. It’s typically age-specific, with different guidelines for children versus adults.
  • Other Information: Under this section, you’ll find specifics about how to store the product properly and required information about certain ingredients, such as the amount of calcium, potassium or sodium the product contains.
generic vs name brand
Generic vs. Name Brand
  • What is the difference?
    • Generic drugs are the same exact drug as the name brand drug.
    • The FDA has to approve the generic drug to make sure it works the same.
    • The generic has to contain all the same active ingredients
  • Generic drug can become available once the name brand’s patent begins to expire
why do generics cost less
Why do Generics cost less?
  • No research necessary
  • Not as much testing necessary
  • Not as much money needed for advertising
  • Less ‘appealing’ packages
regulations
Regulations
  • Generics can contain different inactive ingredients.
  • Generic cannot look the same as the Name Brand pill.
  • Generic must have the same amount of the active ingredients as the Name Brand