Overview of North American Cattle Trade Issues. Christie Guinn Master of Agriculture Seminar Dr. Rhonda Skaggs, Advisor. North American Beef and Cattle Trade. A Current Perspective December 2003. 2002 Trade Statistics.
Master of Agriculture Seminar
Dr. Rhonda Skaggs, Advisor
A Current Perspective
In 2002, the total value of U.S. beef and cattle trade with Canada and Mexico was $4.12 billion. The U.S. was a net importer of beef and cattle products from Mexico and Canada, just as it has been for the past five years.
Although NAFTA led to significant increases in agricultural trade between the U.S. and Mexico, beef and cattle trade between the two countries was well established and saw dramatic increases for decades prior to NAFTA.
Data and Models
The study focused on the nine ports of entry with significant numbers of cattle imports. Monthly data by port was obtained from USDA-APHIS.
U.S. cattle imports from Mexico have a marked seasonal pattern, with the highest numbers of cattle crossing in the months between October and May and lower volume from June to September. 2003 was the third highest volume year since 1994, with 1.13 million head imported into the U.S.