North American Free Trade Agreement. Trouble in Juarez BY Chris Maleki Jason Swope. Summary. Background Information Disadvantages of NAFTA Advantages of NAFTA Trouble in Juarez Conclusion. Background.
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The Implementation process of NAFTA’s no barriers was completed in 2008.
In 2008, the last of NAFTA’s transitional restrictions governing U.S., Mexico and Canada’s agricultural trade were removed: This concluded a 14-year project in which the member countries systematically dismantled numerous barriers to regional agricultural trade.
Some economists argue that NAFTA has been beneficial to business owners and elites in all three countries, but has had negative impacts on farmers in Mexico who saw food prices fall based on cheap imports from U.S. agribusiness and negative impacts on U.S. workers in manufacturing and assembly industries who lost jobs.
NAFTA expanded the maquiladora program, in which U.S.-owned companies employed Mexican workers near the border to cheaply assemble products for export to the U.S.
According to The Continental Social Alliance, these workers have; “no labor rights or health protections, workdays can stretch 12 hours or more, and if you are a woman, you could be forced to take a pregnancy test when applying for a job."