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Staying Healthy. To do your best in college, you need to be of sound mind and body. Which leads to the subjects of Sex Alcohol Drugs Handling stress And using common sense…. Play it safe and don't overdo it. Encouragers: Hormones Peer pressure Alcohol/other drugs Curiosity The Media

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staying healthy
Staying Healthy
  • To do your best in college, you need to be of sound mind and body.
  • Which leads to the subjects of
    • Sex
    • Alcohol
    • Drugs
    • Handling stress
  • And using common sense…

Play it safe and don't overdo it...

sexual decision making


Peer pressure

Alcohol/other drugs


The Media

An intimate relationship


Family values & expectations

Religious values

Sexually transmitted diseases

Fear of pregnancy

Concern for reputation

Feeling of unreadiness

Sexual Decision Making

It's your life, it's your choice!

avoid sexually transmitted diseases
Avoid Sexually Transmitted Diseases

Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) are diseases that are contracted primarily through sex: intercourse, oral-genital sex, and anal-genital sex.

  • STDs affect about 1 of every 6 adults.
  • With certain STDs you may show no immediate symptoms and still pass the disease on to someone else who will suffer.
  • AIDS can be transmitted by sexual contact, sharing hypodermic needles, blood transfusion, or other direct contact of cuts or mucous membranes with blood and sexual fluid.
  • Common STD’s are: Chlamydia. Human Papilloma Virus, Gonorrhea, Herpes, Hepatitis B & C, HIV/AIDS

There's nothing wrong with making love,

but you owe it to yourself to be healthy.

reducing the likelihood of contracting an std
Reducing the Likelihood of Contracting an STD
  • Options for Safer Sex
  • celibacy
  • abstinence
  • masturbation
  • monogamy
  • Condoms
  • Abstinence is the only 100% effective strategy
  • Assess your partner’s risk status
  • Obtain prior medical examinations
  • Use condoms
  • Avoid having sex with multiple partners
protect against unwanted pregnancy
Use a methodthat you feel comfortable using.

Discuss birth control with your partner.

Always protect yourself.

There are numerous contraceptive choices, including:


Oral contraceptives





Norplant and Depo Provera

Tubal ligation and Vasectomy

Protect Against Unwanted Pregnancy

Once children enter your life, it changes dramatically!

unhealthy relationships
Unhealthy Relationships
  • Intimate partner violence
  • Sexual assault
  • Relationships with teachers

Rape and abuse are legally and morally wrong—seek help if you are a victim of sexual assault or are in an abusive relationship.

  • Alcohol is the most widely used drug in our society.
  • Alcoholism is the third leading killer in the U.S.
  • Each year about 25,000 people are killed and 1.5 million injured by drunk drivers.
  • More than 60% of homicides involve the use of alcohol.
  • About two-thirds of aggressive sexual acts toward women involve the use of alcohol by the offender.

Think before you drink...

alcohol three reasons college students drink
Alcohol: Three Reasons College Students Drink
  • Social learning: learning by watching others. Major sources of social learning include peers, parents and the media.
  • Drinking to feel good.
  • Drinking not to feel bad.

What does it feel like:

The Morning After?

college students and alcohol
College Students and Alcohol

What happens to students when they drink?

  • 1,400 students a year die.
  • 70,000 students are sexually assaulted or raped.
  • 400,000 students have unprotected sex.
  • 500,000 students get injured.

Source:2001 study done by the Task Force on College Drinking

myths versus realities of student drinking how many have you had
Myths versus Realities of Student Drinking:How many have you had?
  • Number of Drinks Consumed per Drinking Occasion





SOURCE: Smith, B., Stamper, G. and Grant, R. (2001)

alcohol and behavior
Alcohol and Behavior
  • Blood Alcohol Level (BAC) is affected by:
  • whether you are male or female
  • how much you weigh
  • how fast you drink
  • how much you drink
  • Driving, riding a bicycle and other activities are impaired at BAC levels lower than the legal level of .08.
  • Most people “pass out” at a BAC of .25.

Alcohol is FATAL at a BAC of .45!

heavy drinking the danger zone
Heavy Drinking: The Danger Zone

Excessive alcohol use can cause:

  • alcohol poisoning causing coma & death
  • respiratory depression, choking and respiratory arrest
  • lacerations and fractures
  • unwanted or unsafe sexual activity
  • anxiety attacks and other psychological crises
  • worsening of depression or other conditions





long term effects of drinking
Long-Term Effects of Drinking

Where did my life go?

  • An alcoholic is medically defined by these symptoms:
    • Significant tolerance for alcohol.
    • Withdrawal symptoms.
    • Uncontrolled overuse of alcohol.
    • Repeated attempts to cut down on use.
    • Preoccupation with drinking.
    • Making new friends who drink.
    • Continued heavy drinking despite social, academic, legal or health problems.
what to do if you have a drinking problem
What to Do If You Have a Drinking Problem…
  • Admit that you have a problem - this is a difficult thing to do, but it’s the first step in helping yourself.
  • Listen to what others are saying to you - chances are if you have a problem, someone close to you has told you about it. Stop denying it and realize they are trying to help you.
  • Seek help for your problem - there are lots of resources to help you that are confidential and are led by people who have successfully combated their substance abuse problem.

Admit your problem and get help!

drugs depressants stimulants and hallucinogens
Drugs:Depressants, Stimulants, andHallucinogens
  • Depressants (downers): drugs that slow down the central nervous system, bodily functions and behavior.
  • Stimulants (uppers): drugs that increase the activity of the central nervous system.
  • Hallucinogens (mind-benders): drugs that modify an individual’s perceptual experiences and produce hallucinations.




why do people take drugs
Why Do People Take Drugs?
  • Drugs help them adapt to or escape from an ever-changing, stressful environment.
  • Drugs can reduce tension and frustration, relieve boredom and fatigue, help us ignore the world’s harsh realities.
  • Drugs can provide brief tranquility, joy, relaxation, kaleidoscopic perceptions, surges of exhilaration.
  • Drugs offer practical uses; keeping you awake to study, for example.
  • Drugs are also used for social reasons; making us feel more at ease around others.

For better or worse, to alter consciousness…

the increase of drug use by college students
The Increase of Drug Use By College Students


many drugs

are illegal, and

if you are caught

using them,

you can go to


  • Many college students take drugs more than they did in high school due to:
    • greater freedom from parental supervision.
    • high levels of stress and anxiety associated with academic and financial concerns.
    • peer use of drugs for recreational purposes.
tobacco don t smoke
Tobacco: Don’t Smoke

Bad idea!

  • Smoking accounts for more than one-fifth of all deaths in the U.S.
  • It causes 32% of coronary heart disease cases in the U.S.
  • It causes 30% of all cancer deaths in the U.S.
  • It causes 82% of all lung cancer deaths in the U.S.
  • Passive smoke causes as many as 8,000 lung cancer deaths a year in the US.
dealing with stress
Dealing with Stress…



term papers




peer pressure


the stress response
The Stress Response
  • Adrenaline makes:
    • Blood pressure go up.
    • Quickened heart rate.
    • Constricted arteries.
    • Dilated pupils.
    • Decrease in effectiveness of immune system.
  • What causes it?

Stress has many sources, but major life events (like a death in the family)and daily hassles are most closely linked to stress production.

experiencing stress
Physiological changes can include:

Rapid breathing

Fast heart rate


Upset stomach

Heart problems



Psychological changes can include:


Trouble concentrating

Poor memory




Experiencing Stress

Being "stressed out" makes you miserable...

what do college students stress over
Grades and competition

Professors and class environment

Too many demands

Papers and essay exams

Career and future success


Intimate relationships


Parental conflicts and expectations


What Do College Students Stress Over?


  • Which causes:
    • Lack of motivation
    • Lost sleep
  • Low attendance
  • Poor grades
managing stress
Managing Stress
  • Try to avoid stress.
  • Stress is a personal perception: work to change your responses to stressful events.
  • Modify your lifestyle.
    • Get enough rest
    • Get enough exercise
    • Get proper nutrition
  • Learn relaxation techniques.
  • Keep things in perspective.
pursue and maintain physical health
Pursue and Maintain Physical Health
  • Develop Healthy Behaviors and Address Problems
  • Exercise Regularly
  • Get Enough Sleep
  • Eat Right
  • Don’t Smoke
  • Avoid Drugs
  • Make the Right Sexual Decisions
coping with stress
Coping with stress…
  • Coping with stress is essential for making your life more productive and enjoyable.
  • Coping means
    • managing difficult situations
    • solving personal problems
    • reducing stress and conflict
  • If you don’t currently cope with stress effectively, you can learn to do so.
  • Learn to see stress coming. Be prepared.

Believe it or not, I can handle this.

You can do it if you want to:

It's your choice!

see stress as a challenge rather than a threat
See Stress As a Challenge Rather Than a Threat
  • What is stressful often depends on how you interpret events.
  • To cope successfully
    • See the circumstance as a challenge to overcome rather than an overwhelming, threatening stress.
    • Have good coping resources such as friends, family, a mentor, and your college counseling center.

Ordeal tempers the soul!

seek emotional support
Seek Emotional Support
  • In stressful times, family, friends, classmates, and coworkers can reassure you that you are a valuable person who is loved.
  • Knowing that others care about you can give you the confidence to tackle stressful circumstances.
  • Recognize the potential support in your own life.
  • You can also improve your ability to cope by joining community groups, interest groups, or informal social groups that meet regularly.

A burden shared is lightly borne...

stay healthy
Stay Healthy!
  • Your health is arguably your greatest asset.
  • You owe it to yourself to maintain it properly.
  • The result of maintaining your health is a happy, productive life.