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The U. S. Farm And Food System. To the dinner plate. From the farm gate. Agriculture's Role in the U.S. Economy.

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the u s farm and food system
The U. S. Farm And Food System

To the dinner plate

From the farm gate

agriculture s role in the u s economy
Agriculture's Role in the U.S. Economy
  • It is impossible to understand the economics of American agriculture without a knowledge of the dimensions of the industry, the interrelationships within the industry, and how it is interconnected with the total economic system.
economic size classes of agriculture
Economic Size Classes of Agriculture

Expanding sector

Farms with sales greater than $100,000 annually


Farms with sales between $20,000 and $99,999 annually


Farms with sales less than $20,000 annually

Hobby farms

Tax dodgers

Part-time farms

agricultural production in the u s a

Agricultural Production in the U.S.A.

Fruits, Crops, and Vegetables

agricultural literacy

Agricultural Literacy

Where Livestock & Crops Are Grown in the U.S.

vertical coordination in agriculture
Vertical Coordination in Agriculture
  • Producers have found that is to their benefit to try to match supply with demand for both inputs and outputs
vertical coordination in agriculture1
Vertical Coordination in Agriculture
  • Production contracts are commonly used for processing vegetables (87.9%), fresh vegetables (25%), potatoes (55%), sugar beets (99%) sugarcane (27.3%), seed crops (80%), market hogs (10.5%), eggs (25%), broilers (92%), and market turkeys (60%)
vertical coordination in agriculture2
Vertical Coordination in Agriculture
  • Vertical integration is used extensively for fresh vegetables (40%), potatoes (40%), fruits (31.9%),sugarcane (72.7%), sheep and lambs (29%), eggs (70%), and market turkeys (28%)
farmer cooperatives
Farmer Cooperatives
  • A cooperative is a group of producers who join together in a formal organization, capitalized and managed by member-patrons, in an effort to increase their bargaining power.
farmer cooperatives1
Farmer Cooperatives
  • There are two types of cooperatives
    • Marketing cooperatives = sell products (31% of all products sold)
    • Farm supply cooperatives = purchase inputs (29% of all inputs purchased)
the agribusiness complex
The Agribusiness Complex
  • U.S. Farm producers are the most efficient producers in the world. (When measured by output per producer)
  • This has been made possible by increased use of purchased inputs, incorporation of technology at every level of the agribusiness complex, and increased specialization of production
texas agriculture
Texas Agriculture
  • Texas ranks 1st among the 50 states in production of; Cotton, hay, beef cattle, cattle on feed, sheep, angora goats, watermelons, and spinach
  • Texas ranks 2nd in; Sorghum, peanuts, black-eyed peas, pecans, summer potatoes, and cabbage
texas agriculture1
Texas Agriculture
  • Texas ranks 3rd in; Sorghum silage, grapefruit, broccoli, celery, cantaloupes, and honeydews
  • 202,000 farms generated $2.4 billion in net income
texas agriculture2
Texas Agriculture
  • Top 5 commodities in sales; Cattle & calves, cotton, greenhouse & nursery, dairy products, and broilers
  • Top 5 commodities in exports; Cotton, live animals, feed grains, hides & skins, and feeds & fodders
  • Top 5 counties in Ag. Sales; Deaf smith, Castro, Parmer, Hansford, and Dallam
u s international trade
U. S. International Trade
  • The U.S. Is often referred to as “the breadbasket of the world”
u s international trade1
U. S. International Trade
  • This is not so much because the U.S. Produces more than other countries (the U.S. Leads in total production in only a few commodities) but rather because leads the world in exports of most agricultural commodities. This is because domestic production far exceeds domestic consumption.
u s international trade2
U. S. International Trade
  • The U.S. Exports from 40% to 60% of all feed and food grains produced