MAJOR LANDFORMS OF THE EARTH Done by : ANNATH ROSHNI TGT (SST)
Index Information of the land form features Fold Mountains Block Mountains Volcanic Mountains Plateaus Plain
INFORMATION OF LAND FORM FEATURES You must have seen some of the land form features as shown in the figure. The earth has an infinite variety of land form Some part of the lithosphere maybe rugged and some flat. These landform are a result of two process. You will be amazed to know that the ground you are standing is slowly moving. Within the earth, a continuous movement is taking place.
MOUNTAINS A mountains is any natural elevation of the earth surface. The mountain may have a small summit and a broad bas. It is consider higher than the surrounding area. Some mountains are even higher than the clouds. In some mountains, there are permanently frozen rivers of ice, they are called Glaciers. The Siachen Glacier in Kashmir is the second longest World’s on-polar areas
FOLD MOUNTAINS The Himalayan mountains and the alps are young fold mountains with rugged relief and high conical peaks. The Aravali rang in India is one of the oldest fold mountains systems in the world. The Appalachians in north America and the Ural mountains in Russia have rounded features and low elevation . They are very old fold mountain.
BLOCK MOUNTAINS Block Mountains are crated when large area are broken and displaced vertically. The Rhine valley and the Vosges mountain in Europe are examples of such mountain system The mountain has a flat top
VOLCANIC MOUNTAINS Volcanic Mountains are formed due to volcanic activity Mt. Kilimanjaro in Africa and Mt. Fujiyama in Japan are examples of such mountains. Volcanic mountains have a hole in the top middle where the lava comes out just as the experimental figure of a volcano shown.
PLATEAU A plateau is an elevated flat land. It is a flat topped table land standing above the surrounding area. A plateau may have one or more sides with step slopes. The height of plateaus often varies from few hundred meters to several thousand meters. The Deccan plateau in India is one of the oldest plateaus. The East African Plateaus in Kenya, Tanzania and Uganda and the western plateau of Australia are other examples.
PLAINS Plains are large stretches of flat land. They are , generally, not more than 200 meters above main sea level. Some plains are externally level. Most of the plains are formed by rivers and their tributes. Generally, plains are very fertile
LANDFORMS AND THE PEOPLE Humans have been living on different kinds of lands forms in different ways . Life is difficult in mountainous areas . Plains provide much easy conditions of life. There are many way to live in plains they can make roads, house, or easy to grow crops. People use to pollute water or nature
ONE word QUESTION and ANSWER Natural elevation of earth surface? Ans : mountains. Where is Deccan plateau located ? Ans : India. From where does river Yangtze flows ? Ans : China. Glaciers are found in ? Ans : the mountains. Important mountain range in Europe? Ans : the Alps