smoothing factors for re applications in dg l.
Download
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
Smoothing Factors for RE applications in DG PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
Smoothing Factors for RE applications in DG

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 26

Smoothing Factors for RE applications in DG - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 73 Views
  • Uploaded on

Smoothing Factors for RE applications in DG. David Meyer EE5250 4/18/2006. RE for DG. Limitations to conventional units Sound Space Emissions Environmental Responsibility. Background. RE generation variability Defined Geography Weather Need for Smoothing Factors Example Systems.

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'Smoothing Factors for RE applications in DG' - lula


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
re for dg
RE for DG
  • Limitations to conventional units
    • Sound
    • Space
    • Emissions
  • Environmental Responsibility
background
Background
  • RE generation variability
    • Defined
    • Geography
    • Weather
  • Need for Smoothing Factors
  • Example Systems
variability of re sources
Variability of RE Sources

Table 1. Variability of RE generation systems [5]

defined wind
Defined - Wind

Figure 1, 2, 3 Wind Data for Ojibway MI (Isle Royale)

defined solar
Defined – Solar

Figure 4. Hourly Average Solar Energy for Ojibway [1]

geographic factors
Geographic Factors
  • Placement of RE
  • Max output dependant weather factors
  • Dispersion
geographic wind
Geographic Wind

Figure 5. Wind Energy of the US [2]

geographic solar
Geographic Solar

Figure 6. Solar Energy of the US [2]

solar example
Solar Example
  • Latitude – hours of sun per day
  • Weather

Ojibway, Michigan El Paso, Texas Keys, Florida

Figure 7, 8, 9 Average Monthly Solar Radiation (kW –hr/ m^2)

weather factors
Weather Factors

Figure 10. Regional Wind Speed Map [3] Figure 11. Regional Infrared Map [3]

example
Example

Figure 12. Smoothing Effects of Geographical Dispersion [5]

denmark data
Denmark Data

Figure 13. Smoothing Effects of Geographical Dispersion (actual data) [5]

uk example
UK example

Figure 14. Hours of Low Wind Speed for UK [6]

load effect with solar
Load Effect with Solar

Figure 15. Solar Power vs. System Load [1]

combining re sources
Combining RE Sources

Figure 16. Wind and Sun data for Ojibway, MI [1]

energy storage
Energy Storage
  • Concept
  • Utilization
  • Specifications
comparisons
Comparisons

Figure 17. Comparisons of Electricity Storage Devices [5]

water pumping
Use

Location

Water Pumping

Figures 18 – 20 . Water-pumping reservoirs installed in the UK [7]

battery storage
Battery Storage

Figure 21. Vehicle to Grid Power Schematic [8]

hydrogen storage
Hydrogen Storage
  • Limitations
    • Cost
    • Space
  • Implementation
    • V to G
    • Home Units
re dg with conventional generation
RE DG with Conventional Generation
  • Nuclear
  • Coal
  • Nat. Gas
    • CHP
  • Hydro
example systems
Example Systems
  • Denmark
    • High wind penetration
    • Low geographic dispersion
    • System Interties
  • UK
    • Planning for high wind penetration
    • Good Geographic dispersion
    • Pumped storage capabilities
expanding re penetration the larger picture
Expanding RE penetration – The Larger Picture
  • Increasing the penetration of DG
  • Maximizing Site Placement
  • Geographic Dispersion
  • Major System Upgrades
    • Transfer of energy
    • Increased reliability
references
References

[1] Graphs Created with data gathered from weather sites

[2] National Renewable Energy Laboratory www.nrel.gov, Solar and Wind Maps

[3] The Weather Channel www.weather.com , Wind and Infrared Maps of US

[4] “The Most Frequently Asked Questions About Wind Energy”

American Wind Energy Association

[5] “Variability of Wind Power and Other Renewables – Management Options and Strategies” International Energy Agency

[6] “Wind Power and the UK Wind Resource” – Environmental Change Institute

[7] First Hydro www.fhc.co.uk , Image Gallery

[8] “Vehicle-to-Grid Power Fundamentals: Calculating Capacity and Net Revenue” Willett Kempton, Jana Tomic Journal of Power Sources 144 (2005) 268-279

questions

Questions?

Thank You