Cattle Unit. Ms Russell. What You Will Learn:. Breeds of Cattle Body Parts of Cattle Cattle Terms Different Types of Businesses You Can have with Cattle. Types of Cattle Breeds. Bos Indicus American Bos Tarus British Exotic or Continental . American Cattle. Brahman (Grey or Red)
Cattle Unit Ms Russell
What You Will Learn: • Breeds of Cattle • Body Parts of Cattle • Cattle Terms • Different Types of Businesses You Can have with Cattle
Types of Cattle Breeds • BosIndicus • American • BosTarus • British • Exotic or Continental
American Cattle • Brahman (Grey or Red) • Brangus (Black or Red) • Beefmaster • Santa Gertrudis • Simbrah • Watusi • They are insect and heat resistant. • While they can be maternal they are not as maternal as British or Exotic Breeds. • Most American breeds stem from the Brahman breed. • They survive better in warmer climates.
Brahman • Can be gray or red • Red and Gray Brahman have separate breed Associations • They have apparent hump that differentiates them from other breeds • All Brahman breed cows date back to the sire Manso • Bulls weigh 2000 to 2300 • Cows weigh 1200 to 1400 • All American breeds of cattle originate from the Brahman breed. • Low birth weights • Horned SIRE- The father to an animal. DAM-Known as the mother to the animal.
Brangus • Can be black or red • They have separate breed associations. • 5/8 Angus, 3/8 Brahman • Having the Angus helps have a lower temperament and calmer animal usually. • They are also more maternal due to the Angus. • Low birth weights • Good calving ease • Horned or Polled • Normally polled POLLED-Born without horns and will not ever grow horns.
Beefmaster • Vary in color (red, black, white, brindle) • ½ Brahman, ¼ Hereford, ¼ Shorthorn • Good disposition, fertility, weight, confirmation, and milking ability. • Can be horned or polled CONFIRMATION- This is how well an animal tracks or walks. One that doesn’t walk well will have problems throughout life whether it be carrying a calf or breeding. And this trait could be carried over to their calves. BRINDLE-Brindle is a mix between red and black coloring. Almost as if the sun has changed its color.
Santa Gertrudis • Originated at the King Ranch in Kingsville, Texas. • Also called “Gerts”. • Gerts all originated from the sire Monkey. • Deep red in color • 5/8 Shorthorn, 3/8 Brahman • Good calving ease • Good mothering ability • Abundant milking ability • Can be horned or polled.
Simbrah • Can be black, red or have some white. • White is generally on belly or face, when on the face it’s known as a baldie or blaze face (stripe between eyes). • Grow rapidly and gain efficiently • Were developed to be the most functional and as sound as possible. • Can be horned or polled. BALDIE- When a cow has white all on its face. Generally with composite breeds. COMPOSITE BREEDS- Breeds that are made up of more than one breed (most American breeds).
British Cattle Breeds • Angus (black or red) • Belted Galloway • Hereford • Scotch Highland • Shorthorn • Generally more maternal • Thrive best in cooler climates
Angus • Can be black or red • Both have their own breed associations. • Originated in Scotland • Known for: • Longevity • Maternal qualities • Ability to withstand harsh winters • Bulls generally weigh 1800-2400 lbs • Cows normally weigh 1200-1600 lbs LONGEVITY- How long an animal can survive.
Belted Galloway • Black with white belt around center of body. • Originally horned but that has since been bred out of them. • Have 2 coats of hair • Soft undercoat that waterproofs and insulates • Outer curly layer that sheds water (can grow to 6 inches) • Known for: • Tolerating harsh winters • Producing calves consistently into their teens • Docility • It is said that they will protect sheep or wild animals within their herd. • Bulls weigh 1800-2200 lbs • Cows weigh 1000-1300 lbs DOLCILE- Easy going temperment
Hereford • Came from Herefordshire, England • Are red with white face and white underline • Have curly hair • Can be horned or polled • There are 2 different breed association for Polled Herefords and Horned Herefords • Known for: • Docility • Maternal abilities • Natural ability to gain from grass • Good fertility • Bulls weigh 1800-2400lbs • Cows weigh 1200-1700 lbs
Scotch Highland • Red in color • Have long hair… • What could they be disease resistant from??? • Known for: • Good temperament • Don’t stress easy • Lean meat, well marbled and flavorful • Bulls weigh 1300-1800lbs • Cows weigh 900-1000lbs • Very small…what does this mean??
Shorthorn • Coloring varies • Known for having roan • Known for: • Adaptability • Fertility • Calving and mothering ability • Feed conversion • Meat quality
Continental or Exotic Cattle Breeds • Charolias • Chianinia • Limousine • Maine Anjou • Simmental • Known for producing good meat carcasses • Survive best in warmer climates