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Virginia's Five Geographic Regions. Virginia is divided into five geographic regions. What are the characteristics of the Coastal Plain?. Also known as Tidewater Located near the Atlantic Ocean and the Chesapeake Bay

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Presentation Transcript
slide1

Virginia's

Five

Geographic

Regions

slide2

Virginia is divided

into five geographic regions

what are the characteristics of the coastal plain
What are the characteristics of the Coastal Plain?
  • Also known as Tidewater
  • Located near the Atlantic Ocean and the Chesapeake Bay
  • Includes the Eastern Shore, a peninsula between the Atlantic Ocean and the Chesapeake Bay
  • Flat land
  • East of the Fall Line
  • Major product: seafood
  • Major industries: shipbuilding, tourism, federal military installations
slide4

The Coastal Plain is east of the Fall Line.

This satellite image clearly shows the fall line. Can you see it?

The Fall Line

Coastal Plain

Piedmont

characteristics of the coastal plain
Characteristics of the Coastal Plain

The land is flat. There are many waterways. There is easy access to the Atlantic Ocean. People make their livings from fishing, shipbuilding, US military installations, shipping, and tourism.

This is what the Atlantic Ocean looks like, right on the beach.

the coastal plain tidewater
The Coastal Plain (Tidewater)

Rivers in the Coastal Plain are wide and flow slowly. They empty into the Chesapeake Bay. The place where the river joins the Chesapeake Bay, is the mouth of the river.

Sunset on the mouth of the James River at Newport News

slide7

Many people make their living in the shipping industry.

This is a freighter near the mouth of the James River in the Hampton Roads area of Tidewater. A freighter carries manufactured goods and raw materials to be sold.

Can you tell how big this freighter is?

the coastal plain tidewater1
The Coastal Plain (Tidewater)

Shipbuilding is an important industry.

This is the Newport News Shipyard, where a huge ocean-going ship is being built.

another major industry of the coastal plain is federal military installations
Another major industry of the Coastal Plain is federal military installations.

A federal military installation is often called a military base.

slide10

A federal military installation belongs to the United States government. The military includes the Army, Navy, Air Force, Marines, and Coast Guard. Many people in the Coastal Plain region work for the military.

Do you know someone who is in the military?

An air traffic controller

Cutting the ribbon for a new Navy base building

seafood is the major product of the coastal plain
Seafood is the major product of the Coastal Plain.

The fishing industry produces seafood. People fish for a living. They sell their catch to seafood companies that process, package, and distribute the seafood. This means many jobs for workers in the Coastal Plain. Here we see shrimp boats at the dock.

Do you like fish and shrimp? How about oysters?

the coastal plain tidewater2
The Coastal Plain (Tidewater)

Many people make their living from tourism.

This is Virginia Beach, where many tourists go for vacations.

Do you like to go to the beach?

the coastal plain tidewater3
The Coastal Plain (Tidewater)

The Chesapeake Bay, in the Coastal Plain, borders Virginia on the east.

Here is the Chesapeake Bay Bridge Tunnel, which connects Hampton Roads with the Eastern Shore.

Is this a big bridge, or what!

the coastal plain tidewater4
The Coastal Plain (Tidewater)

The Chesapeake Bay is a source of seafood for Virginia and the United States. Water sports contribute to the economy of the region.

What is the name of this water sport?

the coastal plain tidewater5
The Coastal Plain (Tidewater)

Maryland

Delaware

The Chesapeake Bay is very large. It is several miles from one side to the other. The bay has 12,000 miles of shoreline.

Virginia

Chesapeake Bay

the coastal plain tidewater6

The James River

The Coastal Plain (Tidewater)

The James River, in the coastal plain, is the southernmost river that empties into the Chesapeake Bay. Huge freighters can come up the James River to the natural barrier at the Fall Line.

the coastal plain tidewater7
The Coastal Plain (Tidewater)

The mouth of the York River is north of the James River, in the Coastal Plain.

The York River

Atlantic Ocean

This is a bridge over the mouth of the York River, at Yorktown.

The James River

the coastal plain tidewater8
The Coastal Plain (Tidewater)

The mouth of the Rappahannock River is in the Tidewater, or the Coastal Plain, emptying its waters into the Chesapeake Bay.

the coastal plain tidewater9
The Coastal Plain (Tidewater)

Fredericksburg is an old city on the Rappahannock River, at the Fall Line.

the coastal plain tidewater10

Washington, D.C.

Potomac River

The Coastal Plain (Tidewater)

The mouth of the Potomac River is also located in Virginia’s Coastal Plain. The Potomac is Virginia’s northernmost river. It is a border of Virginia. It divides Virginia from Maryland and from Washington, D.C.

Maryland

Virginia

Chesapeake Bay

the coastal plain tidewater11
The Coastal Plain (Tidewater)

Alexandria, an old city, is located on the Potomac River. This is an old painting of Alexandria in the old days of sailing ships.

slide24

Here is a modern-day view of Alexandria, on the Potomac River.

This river is really wide in the Coastal Plain, isn’t it?

the coastal plain tidewater contains the eastern shore

Virginia’s Eastern Shore

Atlantic Ocean

The Coastal Plain (Tidewater) contains the Eastern Shore.

The Eastern Shore is apeninsula. A peninsula is a piece of land that is bordered on three sides by water. A peninsula sticks out into the water.

Here is a road map of the Eastern Shore. See all the water? There aren’t many roads, are there?

slide26

The Eastern Shore is bordered by the Chesapeake Bay to the west and the Atlantic Ocean to the east.

The Eastern Shore gets its name because it is is the eastern shore of the Chesapeake Bay.

slide27

There are no major cities on the Eastern Shore. People live in small towns and fish for a living. Wildlife is plentiful, including wild ponies.

let s review the coastal plain
Let’s review the Coastal Plain:
  • Also called Tidewater
  • Flat land
  • Location near the Atlantic Ocean and the Chesapeake Bay
  • Includes the Eastern Shore, a peninsula east of the Chesapeake Bay
  • East of the Fall Line
  • Product: seafood
  • Industries: shipbuilding, tourism, federal military installations
slide29

Virginia is divided

into five geographic regions

slide30

What are the characteristics of the Piedmont?

Footbridge over the Dan River in Danville, VA

what are the characteristics of the piedmont

THE BLUE RIDGE MOUNTAINS

What city is this?

What are the characteristics of the Piedmont?
  • Means “land at the foot of the mountains”
  • Rolling hills
  • West of the fall line
  • 4. Products: tobacco products and information technology
  • 5. Industries: technology, federal and state government, farming, and textiles
the piedmont region is separated from the coastal plain by the fall line
The Piedmont Region is separated from the Coastal Plain by the Fall Line.

This satellite image clearly shows the fall line. Can you see it?

The Fall Line

Coastal Plain

Piedmont

slide34

The Fall Line got its name because that’s where the waterfalls start. There are no waterfalls in the Coastal Plain because the land is too flat. The land rises sharply at the Fall Line. There are small waterfalls in the Piedmont because the Piedmont has hills for the water to fall down. Waterfalls are bigger in the mountains, because the mountains are steeper and higher.

slide35

Rapids are places in a river where rocks and the downward slope of the land make the river run very fast. Rapids make the river dangerous for boats. River traffic cannot move past the rapids.

The Piedmont Region has rapids.

slide36

This is the Rappahannock River, near Fredericksburg. See the rocks in the river? You are looking at rapids on the Fall Line, between the Coastal Plain and the Piedmont regions.

the piedmont region is west of the fall line

Fall Line

Danville

The Piedmont region is west of the Fall Line.

Danville is also west of the Fall Line. There are rapids in the Dan River. Have you seen them?

piedmont means land at the foot of the mountains
Piedmont means “land at the foot of the mountains.”

From this view, in the Piedmont, you can see the mountains. You are at the foot, or the bottom, of the mountains.

Pied means foot. Mont means mountain.

the piedmont region has rolling hills
The Piedmont Region has rolling hills.

Have you ridden your bike up and down the Piedmont’s rolling hills? Which do you like better, up or down?

information technology is another product of the piedmont
Information technology is another product of the Piedmont.

Information technology means the technology we use to get and send information. Computers and satellites are part of this industry. Many technology companies are located in Northern Virginia.

What is this? How is it part of information technology?

northern virginia in the piedmont is also famous for federal government jobs
Northern Virginia, in the Piedmont, is also famous forfederal government jobs.

Many northern Virginians work for the Federal government, because Washington, D.C., our nation’s capital, is just across the Potomac River. They go across the Potomac River every day to work. There are also some federal government buildings in northern Virginia itself, where Virginians are employed. Federal government jobs are a major industry of the Piedmont.

slide43
Richmond is in the Piedmont. Many people in Richmond work for the state government. State government is a major industry of the Piedmont.

Why is state government a major industry of the piedmont?

Virginia’s state capitol building, where state senators and delegates meet to make our state’s laws.

many people in the piedmont farm farming is a major piedmont industry
Many people in the piedmont farm. Farming is a major Piedmont industry.

Have you ever helped to do farm work? Is it easy or hard?

slide45
Textiles are also a major industry of the Piedmont. The textile industry is found in and near Danville.

Here we see, on both sides of the Dan River, the factory buildings of Dan River, Inc., Danville’s textile mill. This picture was taken about 50 years ago, but some things still look exactly the same. Do you recognize anything in this picture?

slide46

Danville

is in the

Piedmont

Region.

lynchburg is also in the piedmont region
Lynchburg is also in the Piedmont region.

This is a postcard of Lynchburg. Do you think the card is old or new? Why do you think that?

let s review the piedmont
Let’s review the Piedmont:
  • Land at the foot of the mountains
  • Rolling hills
  • West of the Fall Line
  • Products: tobacco products and information technology
  • Industries: technology, federal and state government, farming, and textiles
slide49

Virginia is divided

into five geographic regions

what are the characteristics of the blue ridge mountains
What are the characteristics of the Blue Ridge Mountains?
  • Old, rounded mountains
  • Part of the Appalachian mountain system
  • Located between the Piedmont and the Valley and Ridge regions
  • Source of many rivers
  • Product: apples
  • Industry: recreation
slide51

The Blue Ridge Mountains are located between the Piedmont and the Valley and Ridge Region.

Blue Ridge Mountains

Valley and Ridge

Piedmont

the blue ridge mountains are part of the appalachian mountain system
The Blue Ridge Mountains are part of the Appalachian mountain system.

The Appalachian mountain system stretches from Maine to Georgia.

Recreation is a major business in the Blue Ridge Mountains. People come to drive on the Blue Ridge Parkway and look at the beautiful views.

the blue ridge mountains are located between the piedmont and the valley and ridge regions
The Blue Ridge Mountains are located between the Piedmont and the Valley and Ridge regions.

Have you seen one of Virginia’s caverns? Which one?

Tourists come to the Blue Ridge Mountains to see the interesting underground caverns there.

the blue ridge mountains are the source of many rivers
The Blue Ridge Mountains are the source of many rivers.

Trout fishing is another recreational attraction that brings tourists to the Blue Ridge Mountains. The many streams where the trout are found, are sources of many of Virginia’s rivers.

Source: the beginning

Do you like fishing for recreation?

the major industry in the blue ridge mountains is recreation
The major industry in the Blue Ridge Mountains is recreation.

Skiing is a popular recreation in the Blue Ridge Mountains. Ski Resorts are part of the tourist industry.

slide57

Recreation brings many tourists to the Blue Ridge Mountains. People like to hike the mountain trails and climb on the rocks. This is Natural Bridge, which many tourists come to see.

apples are the major product of the blue ridge mountains
Apples are the major product of the Blue Ridge Mountains.

Workers climb ladders to pick the apples at harvest time in the Blue Ridge Mountains.

apples are the major product of the blue ridge mountains1
Apples are the major product of the Blue Ridge Mountains.

The apples are packed in wooden crates and shipped all over the world.

Do you eat apples from the Blue Ridge Mountains?

let s review the blue ridge mountains
Let’s review the Blue Ridge Mountains:
  • Old, rounded mountains
  • Part of the Appalachian mountain system
  • Located between the Piedmont and the Valley and Ridge regions
  • Source of many rivers
  • Product: apples
  • Industry: recreation
slide61

Virginia is divided

into five geographic regions

what are the characteristics of the valley and ridge region
What are the characteristics of the Valley and Ridge Region?

Fog hangs over the valley, as the surrounding ridges peek through the clouds.

slide64

The Valley and Ridge Region includes the Great Valley of Virginia and other valleys separated by ridges.

Water rushing over rocks, tumbling downhill, is a common sight along the Valley and Ridge Region’s numerous creeks.

the valley and ridge region contains the great valley of virginia and other valleys
The Valley and Ridge Region contains the Great Valley of Virginia and other valleys.

Roanoke is a major city in Virginia’s Valley and Ridge Region. Roanoke grew because it became a railroad center.

the valley and ridge region
The Valley and Ridge Region

Another city of the Valley and Ridge Region is Harrisonburg. This is a bed and breakfast hotel in Harrisonburg. Can you see that the Valley and Ridge Region gets quite a bit of snow in the winter?

poultry is an important farm product in the shenandoah valley
Poultry is an important farm product in the Shenandoah Valley.

Chickens and turkeys are poultry. Much of the chicken you eat is raised in the Valley and Ridge.

What is this person holding?

let s review the valley and ridge
Let’s review the Valley and Ridge:
  • Includes the Great Valley of Virginia and other valleys separated by ridges
  • The Blue Ridge Mountains and the Valley and Ridge regions are part of the Appalachian mountain system
  • Located west of the Blue Ridge Mountains
  • Products: poultry and apples
  • Industry: farming
slide71

Virginia is divided

into five geographic regions

what are the characteristics of the appalachian plateau
What are the characteristics of the Appalachian Plateau?

What is a plateau?

A coal mining town in the Appalachian Plateau, around 1900

a plateau is an area of elevated up high land that is flat on top

What is a plateau?

A plateau isan area ofelevated(uphigh) land that is flat on top.

Would you like to go four-wheeling in the Appalachian Plateau?

the appalachian plateau is located in southwest virginia
The Appalachian Plateau is located in southwest Virginia.

The Appalachian Plateau extends into other states, like Kentucky and Tennessee. Only a small part of the Appalachian Plateau is in Virginia.

the major product of the appalachian plateau is coal
The major product of the Appalachian Plateau is coal.

This is what coal looks like. It is a “seam” of coal in between other rock.

coal is a mineral found in the earth it is like a rock but it will burn giving off very hot heat
Coal is a mineral found in the earth. It is like a rock, but it will burn, giving off very hot heat.

Here a coal seam has caught fire and burns in the mountain.

slide77

People used to use coal a lot to heat their houses.

Today, however, its major use is in coal-fired power plants, where electricity is generated.

the major product of the appalachian plateau is coal1
The major product of the Appalachian Plateau is coal.

This railroad car will carry coal from the mine to the power plant.

Have you seen coal cars like this on the train tracks?

the major product of the appalachian plateau is coal2
The major product of the Appalachian Plateau is coal.

Coal miners use very heavy, dangerous equipment. You have to be very careful.

the major industry of the appalachian plateau is coal mining
The major industry of the Appalachian Plateau is coal mining.

Here we see miners in the mine in 1901.

the major industry of the appalachian plateau is coal mining1
The major industry of the Appalachian Plateau is coal mining.

Inside a coal mine today, a miner checks a roof for safety. Why are mines still very dangerous today? Do you see any safety equipment?

let s review the appalachian plateau
Let’s review the Appalachian Plateau:
  • Plateau: an area of elevated (high) land that is flat on top
  • Only a small part of the Appalachian Plateau is located in Virginia
  • Located in southwest Virginia
  • Product: coal
  • Industry: coal mining
slide83

Virginia is divided

into five geographic regions