Virginia's Five Geographic Regions. Virginia is divided into five geographic regions. What are the characteristics of the Coastal Plain?. Also known as Tidewater Located near the Atlantic Ocean and the Chesapeake Bay
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This satellite image clearly shows the fall line. Can you see it?
The Fall Line
The land is flat. There are many waterways. There is easy access to the Atlantic Ocean. People make their livings from fishing, shipbuilding, US military installations, shipping, and tourism.
This is what the Atlantic Ocean looks like, right on the beach.
Rivers in the Coastal Plain are wide and flow slowly. They empty into the Chesapeake Bay. The place where the river joins the Chesapeake Bay, is the mouth of the river.
Sunset on the mouth of the James River at Newport News
This is a freighter near the mouth of the James River in the Hampton Roads area of Tidewater. A freighter carries manufactured goods and raw materials to be sold.
Can you tell how big this freighter is?
Shipbuilding is an important industry.
This is the Newport News Shipyard, where a huge ocean-going ship is being built.
A federal military installation is often called a military base.
A federal military installation belongs to the United States government. The military includes the Army, Navy, Air Force, Marines, and Coast Guard. Many people in the Coastal Plain region work for the military.
Do you know someone who is in the military?
An air traffic controller
Cutting the ribbon for a new Navy base building
The fishing industry produces seafood. People fish for a living. They sell their catch to seafood companies that process, package, and distribute the seafood. This means many jobs for workers in the Coastal Plain. Here we see shrimp boats at the dock.
Do you like fish and shrimp? How about oysters?
Many people make their living from tourism.
This is Virginia Beach, where many tourists go for vacations.
Do you like to go to the beach?
The Chesapeake Bay, in the Coastal Plain, borders Virginia on the east.
Here is the Chesapeake Bay Bridge Tunnel, which connects Hampton Roads with the Eastern Shore.
Is this a big bridge, or what!
The Chesapeake Bay is a source of seafood for Virginia and the United States. Water sports contribute to the economy of the region.
What is the name of this water sport?
The Chesapeake Bay is very large. It is several miles from one side to the other. The bay has 12,000 miles of shoreline.
The Chesapeake Bay gets very high waves, just like the ocean, when the wind blows hard.
The mouth of the York River is north of the James River, in the Coastal Plain.
The York River
This is a bridge over the mouth of the York River, at Yorktown.
The James River
The mouth of the Rappahannock River is in the Tidewater, or the Coastal Plain, emptying its waters into the Chesapeake Bay.
Fredericksburg is an old city on the Rappahannock River, at the Fall Line.
Alexandria, an old city, is located on the Potomac River. This is an old painting of Alexandria in the old days of sailing ships.
This river is really wide in the Coastal Plain, isn’t it?
Atlantic OceanThe Coastal Plain (Tidewater) contains the Eastern Shore.
The Eastern Shore is apeninsula. A peninsula is a piece of land that is bordered on three sides by water. A peninsula sticks out into the water.
Here is a road map of the Eastern Shore. See all the water? There aren’t many roads, are there?
The Eastern Shore is bordered by the Chesapeake Bay to the west and the Atlantic Ocean to the east.
The Eastern Shore gets its name because it is is the eastern shore of the Chesapeake Bay.
There are no major cities on the Eastern Shore. People live in small towns and fish for a living. Wildlife is plentiful, including wild ponies.
Footbridge over the Dan River in Danville, VA
This satellite image clearly shows the fall line. Can you see it?
The Fall Line
The Fall Line got its name because that’s where the waterfalls start. There are no waterfalls in the Coastal Plain because the land is too flat. The land rises sharply at the Fall Line. There are small waterfalls in the Piedmont because the Piedmont has hills for the water to fall down. Waterfalls are bigger in the mountains, because the mountains are steeper and higher.
Rapids are places in a river where rocks and the downward slope of the land make the river run very fast. Rapids make the river dangerous for boats. River traffic cannot move past the rapids.
The Piedmont Region has rapids.
This is the Rappahannock River, near Fredericksburg. See the rocks in the river? You are looking at rapids on the Fall Line, between the Coastal Plain and the Piedmont regions.
From this view, in the Piedmont, you can see the mountains. You are at the foot, or the bottom, of the mountains.
Pied means foot. Mont means mountain.
Have you ridden your bike up and down the Piedmont’s rolling hills? Which do you like better, up or down?
Information technology means the technology we use to get and send information. Computers and satellites are part of this industry. Many technology companies are located in Northern Virginia.
What is this? How is it part of information technology?
Many northern Virginians work for the Federal government, because Washington, D.C., our nation’s capital, is just across the Potomac River. They go across the Potomac River every day to work. There are also some federal government buildings in northern Virginia itself, where Virginians are employed. Federal government jobs are a major industry of the Piedmont.
Why is state government a major industry of the piedmont?
Virginia’s state capitol building, where state senators and delegates meet to make our state’s laws.
Have you ever helped to do farm work? Is it easy or hard?
Here we see, on both sides of the Dan River, the factory buildings of Dan River, Inc., Danville’s textile mill. This picture was taken about 50 years ago, but some things still look exactly the same. Do you recognize anything in this picture?
is in the
This is a postcard of Lynchburg. Do you think the card is old or new? Why do you think that?
The Blue Ridge Mountains are located between the Piedmont and the Valley and Ridge Region.
Blue Ridge Mountains
Valley and Ridge
The Appalachian mountain system stretches from Maine to Georgia.
Recreation is a major business in the Blue Ridge Mountains. People come to drive on the Blue Ridge Parkway and look at the beautiful views.
Have you seen one of Virginia’s caverns? Which one?
Tourists come to the Blue Ridge Mountains to see the interesting underground caverns there.
Trout fishing is another recreational attraction that brings tourists to the Blue Ridge Mountains. The many streams where the trout are found, are sources of many of Virginia’s rivers.
Source: the beginning
Do you like fishing for recreation?
Skiing is a popular recreation in the Blue Ridge Mountains. Ski Resorts are part of the tourist industry.
Recreation brings many tourists to the Blue Ridge Mountains. People like to hike the mountain trails and climb on the rocks. This is Natural Bridge, which many tourists come to see.
Workers climb ladders to pick the apples at harvest time in the Blue Ridge Mountains.
The apples are packed in wooden crates and shipped all over the world.
Do you eat apples from the Blue Ridge Mountains?
Fog hangs over the valley, as the surrounding ridges peek through the clouds.
The Valley and Ridge Region includes the Great Valley of Virginia and other valleys separated by ridges.
Water rushing over rocks, tumbling downhill, is a common sight along the Valley and Ridge Region’s numerous creeks.
Roanoke is a major city in Virginia’s Valley and Ridge Region. Roanoke grew because it became a railroad center.
Another city of the Valley and Ridge Region is Harrisonburg. This is a bed and breakfast hotel in Harrisonburg. Can you see that the Valley and Ridge Region gets quite a bit of snow in the winter?
Farming is the important industry in the Shenandoah Valley, in the Valley and Ridge Region.
Chickens and turkeys are poultry. Much of the chicken you eat is raised in the Valley and Ridge.
What is this person holding?
What is a plateau?
A coal mining town in the Appalachian Plateau, around 1900
Would you like to go four-wheeling in the Appalachian Plateau?
The Appalachian Plateau extends into other states, like Kentucky and Tennessee. Only a small part of the Appalachian Plateau is in Virginia.
This is what coal looks like. It is a “seam” of coal in between other rock.
Here a coal seam has caught fire and burns in the mountain.
Today, however, its major use is in coal-fired power plants, where electricity is generated.
This railroad car will carry coal from the mine to the power plant.
Have you seen coal cars like this on the train tracks?
Coal miners use very heavy, dangerous equipment. You have to be very careful.
Here we see miners in the mine in 1901.
Inside a coal mine today, a miner checks a roof for safety. Why are mines still very dangerous today? Do you see any safety equipment?