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The Persian War

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  1. The Persian War

  2. How did the Greeks defeat the most powerful empire in the world?

  3. 500 – 499 B.C.: The Ionian Revolt • Ionian states revolt against Persian conquerors • Athens and Eretria come to their aid

  4. 490 B.C.: Battle of Marathon • Darius decides to punish Athens and Eretia • Meets Athens at the Plain of Marathon, but Athens doesn’t show!

  5. 490 B.C.: Battle of Marathon • The Persians pack it up for Athens • With the Cavalry packed up and the infantry standing in shallow water, the Athenian army charged down the hill at the Persian army! • Soldiers lost: Athens 192, Persia 6,400

  6. Battle Of Marathon

  7. Themistocles’ “Wooden Wall” • Many Greeks realized this was not the last time they’d see the Persians • 'Though all else shall be taken, Zeus, the all seeing, grants that the wooden wall only shall not fail.' • Themistocles believes a Fleet of Triremes are to defeat Persia

  8. Second Persian Invasion 480 BC • Emperor Xerxes assembles an army of 200,000 Men • According to Herodotus • Wanted to invade by land so as not to rely on navy • Crossed at Hellenspont

  9. 480 B.C.: Battle of Thermopylae • While The Athenians are preparing their fleet, Darius’ Successor, Xerxes Attacks the Spartan Army at Thermopylae

  10. 480 B.C.: Battle of Thermopylae Sparta’s King, Leonidas A Greek Hoplite Thermopylae

  11. 480 B.C.: Battle of Thermopylae

  12. 480 B.C. Continues… • After Thermopylae, the Persians march south to Athens • Themistocles, however, lets Xerxes burn Athens to the ground and plunder the city • Themisticles was to win this war at sea…

  13. 480 B.C.: The Battle of Salamis • Themistocles lures the Persian fleet into the channel between Salamis and the mainland. • The Persians are taken by surprise! • Persian Fleet cannot maneuver like the Greek Triremes,

  14. The Trireme

  15. The Trireme

  16. More on Salamis

  17. The End of the War… • 479 B.C.: The Battle of Platea • 478: Formation of the Delian League