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Politics of the Roaring Twenties. Chapter 12. Trends After WW1. Nativism Isolationism Both of these were ideas that were practiced following the end of WW1. OH KNOES COMMUNIST. Communism- ends private property and has government ownership that subsidize

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trends after ww1
Trends After WW1
  • Nativism
  • Isolationism
  • Both of these were ideas that were practiced following the end of WW1
oh knoes communist
  • Communism- ends private property and has government ownership that subsidize
  • Red Scare began in 1919 due to Lenin coming to power
  • 70,000 Americans formed a communist party
  • Several dozen bombs mailed to government and capitalist leaders….stroke fear
palmer raids
Palmer Raids
  • August 1919 Palmer (US Attorney General), Edgar Hoover (Palmer assistant), and agents hunted down suspected communists, socialists and anarchists
  • Violated civil rights in these raids
  • Deported people with out trial
  • Palmer found no evidence of a revolution or explosives
quota system
Quota System
  • Emergency quota act of 1921 established it
  • Set the maximum number of people who could enter US from each foreign country
  • 1924 amended to 2% of 1890 (shifted to 1920 later)
  • US population of that group could immigrate
kkk rises again
KKK Rises Again
  • Devoted to “100 percent Americanism”
  • 1924 had 4.5 million members
  • Believed in keeping blacks in “their place,” destroying saloons, opposing unions, and driving Roman Catholics, Jews, and foreign born people out of US
  • Paid to recruit members
  • KKK dominated most state politics, however lost power as criminal activity began at end of decade
labor unrest
Labor Unrest
  • 1919 more than 3,000 strikes with some 4 million workers walking off job
  • Strikers seen as communist
  • Boston police strike over pay
  • Steel mill strike over hours and wages
  • Coal miner strike over hours and wages caused a huge problem
  • Unions began to decline
harding presidency
Harding Presidency
  • 1921 became president
  • Charles Evans Hughes urged no more building of a navy for 10 years
  • First time major power agreed to disarm
  • Fordney-McCumber Tariff raised tariffs to 60 percent
ohio gang
Ohio Gang
  • President Harding’s poker-playing cronies
  • Gang used their offices to become wealthy
  • Forbes head of Veterans Bureau caught selling government good to private hospitals
  • Miller was caught taking bribes
teapot dome scandal
Teapot Dome Scandal
  • Government set aside oil rich lands for use by US Navy Secretary of the Interior Albert B. Fall
  • Secretly leased these lands to oil companies
  • Received more then $400,000 from this
  • Warding died August 2, 1923 most likely of heart attack or stroke
  • People mourned the good natured president
calvin coolidge becomes president
Calvin Coolidge Becomes President
  • Believed in big business
  • Kept taxes down and gave business more available credit
  • Keep government interference out of business
  • Kept high tariffs
  • Reduce income taxes
roads and cars
Roads and Cars
  • Caused urban sprawl which is cities springing up all over
  • Helped certain regions grow due to producing cars
  • Roads allowed farmers to export goods
  • Late 1920’s 80 percent of all cars in world were in US
other changes
Other Changes
  • Standard of living rises
  • Airplanes used for commercial use first in 1927 for transatlantic
  • Modern Advertising such as that on pg 425
  • Believed good times would never end
  • Mass production
  • Buying on credit