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CHA: An example of Data Turning to Knowledge. Understanding Community Health Assessment. Community Health Assessment.

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Cha an example of data turning to knowledge
CHA: An example of Data Turning to Knowledge

Understanding Community Health Assessment

Community health assessment
Community Health Assessment

Is an ongoing process to identify the strengths and needs in the community in order to facilitate the establishment of priorities that improve the health status of the population.

Community health assessment goals
Community Health AssessmentGoals

  • To understand the health of Manitoba’s residents

  • To be responsive to local issues

  • To plan health services informed by evidence

  • To track changes over time

Health indicators
Health Indicators

  • These are measurable, quantifiable observations which can be linked to theoretical concepts, such as poverty, use of medication, or good health.

  • They are selected carefully with validity and reliability in mind.

  • Tracked over time, they provide information about the changing needs of a population.

Population health
Population Health

  • Population Health:

    • describes an approach to improving health that focuses on the health of communities or populations rather than on that of individuals.

    • examines factors that enhance the health and well-being of the overall population.

  • Consistent with the WHO definition, health is viewed as a resource for everyday living. The population health approach is aimed at positively influencing conditions that enable people to make healthy choices and accessing services that promote and maintain health.

Determinants of health

Income & Social Status

Social Support Network

Education & Literacy

Healthy Child Development

Biology & Genetic Endowment

Employment & Working Conditions

Physical Environment

Personal Health Practices & Coping Skills

Social Environment



Determinants of Health

Health Services

Cha process principles and assumptions
CHA ProcessPrinciples and Assumptions

  • Broad definition of health adopted

  • Provide a solid base of facts & data to guide decision-making

  • Multi-method research approach to assess needs from different perspectives

  • CHA to inform RHA planning processes

  • CHA owned by RHA residents and will be a vehicle for community development & action

  • Provide a source of information for the RHA, communities and other organizations

  • Committed to making CHA an ongoing process

Cha an example of data turning to knowledge

Collaborative Evaluation



Collaborative Research

Collaborative Capacity Building

Collaborative Decision Making

The Need to Know Model

Conceptual model of MCHP/RHA/Manitoba Health collaboration:

The Need To Know Knowledge Translation Model

Focused Skill Development

Agreed Upon Approaches



and application

of the research

New knowledge

creation and


Development of



Relationship Development

Training of




Common Purpose

Training of

RHA team


Community Health Assessment Network

Manitoba Health & Healthy Living

Regional Health Profiles

Manitoba Centre for Health Policy

Manitoba Regional Health Authorities

Community Health Survey

CancerCare Manitoba

MCHP - RHA Mental Illness Report (2004)

Report Writing Workshop

MCHP - RHA Indicators Atlas (2003)

Data Analysis & Interpretation Workshop

Manitoba’s Community Health Assessment Indicators


One-time Funding

Community Consultation Planning

Community Health Assessment

Manitoba’s Health Performance Dimensions Table

Health Planning

Data sources for cha
Data Sources For CHA

CHA Baseline Indicators

Regional Profile


MCHP Reports

(RHA Atlas +Others)

Quantitative & Qualitative

Health Authority Level Data

Census & Other

CHA Comprehensive Report

Existing data
Existing Data

  • Statistics Canada – 2006 Census

  • Canadian Institute for Health Information (CIHI)

  • Indian and Northern Affairs Canada

  • Manitoba Health & Healthy Living - Profile Document

  • CancerCare Manitoba

  • MB Bureau of Statistics

  • Indian and Northern Affairs

  • Manitoba Intergovernmental Affairs

  • Manitoba First Nations Centre for Aboriginal Health Research - Manitoba First Nations Regional Health Survey

  • Saskatchewan Health

  • Regional Health Authority

Surveys reports research
Surveys, Reports, Research

  • MB Centre for Health Policy

    • Mental Illness Report 2004

    • Sex Difference Report 2005

    • What Works 2007

    • Child Health Atlas 2008

    • RHA Atlas 2008

  • Statistics Canada

    • Canadian Community Health Survey

    • Community Profiles

    • Aboriginal People’s Survey

  • NOR-MAN Regional Health Authority

    • Staff and Client Satisfaction Surveys

    • Youth Risk Factor Surveys

    • Occurrence Reporting

    • Complaints Management

Consultation activities
Consultation Activities

  • Open public meetings

  • Focus groups

  • Client and Staff Surveys

  • Stakeholder interviews

  • This information helps to put a human face on the data, and provides opportunity for community input.

Cha an example of data turning to knowledge

CHA: An Example of Data Turning to Knowledge

Why “IT” works???

  • Relationships

  • Trust & Respect

  • Shared Expertise and knowledge

  • Shared Human Resources - working groups

  • Shared Financial Resources

Benefits of cha
Benefits of CHA

  • Takes the guesswork out of identifying health assets and needs

  • Encourages community participation

  • Raises awareness and understanding of a community’s health status

  • Guides policy / program development and prioritization of services

  • Provides information for resource allocation decisions

Cha an example of data turning to knowledge

CHA: An Example of Data Turning to Knowledge


Manitoba Health

Manitoba Regional Health Authorities

Manitoba Centre for Health Policy

CancerCare Manitoba