Asian Values. 2009. VALUES . I should go to school because: 1. My parents want me to be in school 2. I want to be with my friends 3. I want to learn about many things in this world 4. I like to prepare for serious work later in my life 5. I need education to help my family
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* Economic Intelligence Unit & the Asian Development Bank
The Ministers and representatives of Asian States, meeting at Bangkok from 29 March to 2 April 1993, pursuant to General Assembly resolution 46/116 of 17 December 1991 in the context of preparations for the World Conference on Human rights,
Adopt this Declaration, to be known as "The Bangkok Declaration", which contains the aspirations and commitments of the Asian region:
4. Discourageany attempt to use human rights as a conditionality for extending development assistance;
5. Emphasize the principles of respect for national sovereignty and territorial integrity as well as non-interference in the internal affairs of States, and the non-use of human rights as an instrument of political pressure;
7. Stress the universality, objectivity and non-selectivity of all human rights and the need to avoid the application of double standards in the implementation of human rights and its politicization, and that no violation of human rights can be justified;
Nowhere is the double-standard approach to human rights more glaring than in the West’s evasion of its responsibilities through its inaction in the face of the massive and gravest violations of human rights in Bosnia-Herzegovina. Surely, their apathetic and meek response to genocide, ethnic cleansing and rape, in the heart of Europe, makes a total mockery of theirpreaching and posturing on the promotion and protection of human rights in far corners of the world.
We ask ourselves what credentials do they still have to preach about human rights when the most blatantabuse of those rights before their very eyes goes unpunished.-----The Malaysia Minister of Foreign Affairs
18. Recognize that the main obstacles to the realization of the right to development lie at the international macroeconomic level, as reflected in the widening gap between the North and the South, the rich and the poor;19. Affirm that poverty is one of the major obstacles hindering the full enjoyment of human rights;
The right to development should be given priority overcivil and political rights.
Poverty and lack of development are directly attributable to macroeconomic policies that increase “the widening gap between the North and the South, the rich and the poor.”
The Chinese government, which argued during theVienna Conference that “[w]hen poverty and lack of adequate food and clothing are commonplace and people’s basic needsare not guaranteed, priority should be given to economic development. Otherwise, human rights are completely out ofthe question.”
8. Recognize that while human rights are universal in nature, they must be considered in the context of a dynamic and evolving process of international norm-setting, bearing in mind the significance of national and regional particularities and various historical, cultural and religious backgrounds;
9. Recognize further that States have the primary responsibility for the promotion and protection of human rights through appropriate infrastructure and mechanisms, and also recognize that remedies must be sought and provided primarily through such mechanisms and procedures;
call[s] for greater recognition of the immense complexity of the issue of
human rights due to the wide diversity in history, culture, value systems, geography and phases of development amongthe nations of the world.”
Western over-reaction to [Paragraph 8’s] simple description of reality—that moreover explicitly recognized the ideal of universality led to much of the acrimony that characterized the debate between the West and Asia at the Vienna Conference.”
What seemed to be controversial about the position is that it suggests a contradiction; the rights cannot be both viewed as universal and interpreted differently according to one’s culture??
Mahbubani criticized the Westerners for their inability of `to see that non-Europeans may have reached a stage of development where they can progress without having to repeat Europe's mistakes
Ref: Yi-Huah Jiang, 2003
FREE MARKET + DEMOCRACY =
1.China has great economic growth but without political freedom;
2. Japan is the richest & has most freedom.
3. Indonesia practices democracy but with poor economy
4. India has more freedom in politics than economics
5. Burma and North Korea are the poorest and have the least freedom among the Asian countries;
6. Singapore and Malaysia are rich and half free
Common characteristics of the East Asian Tigers are:-