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From World War to Cold War

From World War to Cold War

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From World War to Cold War

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Presentation Transcript

  1. From World War to Cold War

  2. Yalta Conference • Roosevelt, Churchill, Stalin meet • Plan post-war world • Poland • Two governments claimed right to govern: Communist and Non-Communist • FDR and Churchill think Poles should choose their own government • Stalin wants Poland to be communist since it shares a border • Compromise: • Soviets set up communist government • Promise to include former Polish leaders • Hold free elections

  3. Yalta Conference • Declaration of Liberated Europe • European nations can set up any democratic government they want • Get rid of all Nazism and Fascism • U.S.A., UK, and USSR promise: • Establish peace • Provide aid to European nations • Form temporary democratic governments • Support Atlantic Charter

  4. Yalta Conference • Germany • Divide country into four zones: France, U.S., Britain, USSR • Berlin divided into four zones • Reparations • USSR and U.S. don’t agree, causes tension

  5. Tension Between U.S. and USSR • Soviets pressure king of Romania to appoint Communist government • Violates Declaration of Liberated Europe • Soviets refuse to allow more than 3 (out of 18) non-communists to govern Poland • No intention to hold free elections in Poland • Increases hostility towards each other • Leads to era of confrontation and competition: The Cold War Era

  6. What Is Communism? • Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels, The Communist Manifesto • Class struggle between the working class (proletariat) and the ruling class (bourgeoisie) • Nations develop in stages: • Capitalism • Communism

  7. What Is Communism? • Capitalism: • Business owners get rich, while laborers do the work • Creates a working-class who eventually get angry with treatment, wages, conditions, etc. • Organize • Demand Changes • Revolution needed to unseat the ruling class

  8. What Is Communism? • Dissatisfaction with ruling class under capitalism leads to workers’ control of production which leads to public control • Communism: • People own everything • No private property • Wealth shared by all • Eliminate class conflict

  9. Communism in the USSR • Totalitarian dictatorship • Property owned by the state • No free enterprise allowed • Wealth distributed unequally • State controlled: • Media (books, television, radio, etc.) • Education • Religion • Food Production • Industrial Production • Fear