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3 Features of Renaissance. Rebirth of Greco-Roman culture idealization of Ancient Greek and Roman culture Perfecting the individual Idealizing humanity Secularism Emphasis on non-religious rather than religious. The Early Artistic Renaissance. Early Renaissance (Early 1400s)

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3 features of renaissance
3 Features of Renaissance
  • Rebirth of Greco-Roman culture
    • idealization of Ancient Greek and Roman culture
  • Perfecting the individual
    • Idealizing humanity
  • Secularism
    • Emphasis on non-religious rather than religious
the early artistic renaissance
The Early Artistic Renaissance
  • Early Renaissance (Early 1400s)
    • Imitation of nature primary goal
    • Human beings became the focus of attention
    • Perspective- mathematical side of painting
      • show 3 dimensional human figures, geometry
    • Movement and Anatomical Structure
      • Realistic portrayal of the human nude
    • Masaccio (1401 – 1428)- firsts masterpieces of early Renaissance
      • Tribute Money- illustrated biblical story of Jesus’ confrontation by a tax collector.
      • Figures are more realistic, as is their relationship to the background
the early renaissance
The Early Renaissance
  • Donatodi Donatello (1386 – 1466)
    • David
    • First life sized, freestanding bronze nude
    • Celebrated Florentine heroism over Milanese in 1428.
    • Illustrates simplicity and strength to represent the dignity of humanity

Reflects…

    • Individualism- investigates anatomoical structure of man as well as idealized men
    • interest in Greco-Roman culture (modeled after nude statues of antiquity)
the early renaissance1
The Early Renaissance
  • Filippo Brunelleschi (1377 – 1446)
    • Sponsored by the Medici
    • Architect
    • Dome of the Duomo(left) & Church of San Lorenzo (right)

Reflects…

    • interest in Greco-Roman culture (modeled after architecture of antiquity)
the early artistic renaissance1
The Early Artistic Renaissance
  • Botticelli, Primavera (1445-1510)
    • Lorenzo the Magnificent de’Mediciwas a patron of Botticelli
    • Setting of painting in garden of Venus, the goddess of love
    • Less realistic than Earlier Renaissance paintings
    • Reflects…

interest in Greco-Roman culture & secularism

the high artistic renaissance
The High Artistic Renaissance
  • High Renaissance (1480-1527 at the sacking of Rome)
  • Cultural Center moved from Florence to Rome
  • Focus on idealistic portrayal over realistic form

3 Giants:

    • Leonardo da Vinci
    • Raphael
    • Michelangelo
high artistic renaissance
High Artistic Renaissance
  • Leonardo da Vinci (1452 – 1519)
    • Last Supper
    • 3 dimensional subjects
    • Figures are idealized to show each apostle’s personality and relationship to Jesus
    • Reflects?...
      • Perfecting the Individual: Humanism-Depicts god as a human, symbolizing the perfection of man
high artistic renaissance1
High Artistic Renaissance
  • Raphael (1483 – 1520)
    • School of Athens- shows imaginary gathering of ancient philosophers

Reflects:

  • Greco-Roman culture- Classic architecture, depicts Aristotle, Plato, Ptolemy, and Pythagoras
  • Idealization of the individual- emphasizing the greatness of humans such as Plato
  • Secularization- idealizes intellectuals, not religious figures
high artistic renaissance2
High Artistic Renaissance
  • Michelangelo (1475 – 1564)
    • Painter, sculptor, architect
    • The Sistine Chapel- depicts the fall of man from the 9 books of Genesis
high artistic renaissance michelangelo
High Artistic Renaissance- Michelangelo
  • Influenced by Neoplatonism
    • Synthesis of Christianity and Plato
    • Hierarchy of substances: physical matter (plants)  Humans  God
    • Humans were the link between the physical world (body) and spiritual world (soul)

Reflects…

Perfecting the Individual

  • Ceiling of the Sistine Chapel: “Creation of Adam”- well proportioned, muscular Adam reveals ideal human being meant to be a reflection of divine beauty (the more beautiful the body, the more god-like the figure)
  • David- 14 ft marble statue depicts the biblical hero David.
slide11

IP- which giant had the biggest influence on the renaissance?

Draw an artist’s name

Research the accomplishments of your artist and write a paragraph arguing why your artist is the most influential figure of the Renaissance

Be prepared to participate in a debate next class.

Meet to decide opening statement, then get to meet to for counter, meet for concluding statement

the northern artistic renaissance
The Northern Artistic Renaissance
  • Art remained more Gothic- Cathedrals, manuscripts, wooden panneling
  • Great care at depicting each object- masters of rendering detail
slide14

Jan van Eyck (c. 1380 – 1441)

    • Giovanni Arnolfini and His Bride
slide15

Albrecht Dürer (1471 – 1528)

    • Adoration of the Magi (alterpiece)
challenge question
Challenge Question
  • How did the Northern Renaissance differ from the Italian Renaissance (think, pair, share)
slide17

Music in the Renaissance

  • Guillaume Dufay
    • Changed composition of the Mass
    • First to use secular tunes to replace Gregorian Chants
    • Composed a number of secular songs
    • Gregorian Chant Kyrie http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=k6oM1iLJH6k&feature=related
    • Dufay Kyrie- http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fLwMEBlBBB4
    • Vergena Bella http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_dG-NUaq2o4