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The song dynasty. Foot Binding was practiced originally by the wealthy but by the 17 th century was practiced by all classes. It was done because small feet were considered beautiful and made a woman “delicate”.

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Presentation Transcript
foot binding in the song dynasty
Foot Binding was practiced originally by the wealthy but by the 17th century was practiced by all classes.

It was done because small feet were considered beautiful and made a woman “delicate”.

When the communists rose to power Foot Binding was outlawed but was still practiced.

However painful the process of foot binding was it did not yield any immediate consequences and women were fully able to move about.

Ideally a woman’s foot after foot binding was 3inches long, 2 inches wide and had a 2 inch crease through the center.

The shoes that women with bound feet wore were known as "Lotus Shoes” and “Splendid Slippers”.

Foot binding in the Song dynasty
rice production
Rice wheat and suare the three main ancient Chinese crops.

Rice was used primarily as food, but was also used to brew the wine consumed in homes and taverns.

Rice was grown primarily in the south of the Yangzi river.

During the song period the Yangzi River regions became the economic center of China.

Rice harvesting takes a lot of labor such as clearing irrigation ditches, planting, transplanting seeds, threshing, and husking.

Rice Production
technology in the song dynasty
Technology in the Song Dynasty
  • During the time of the Song Dynasty, the introduction of the windmill and moveable type resulted.
  • Advances in civil engineering, nautics, and metallurgy evolved during the time as well
  • Advancements in weaponry resulted in the use of gunpowder and the cannon.
civil service examination

The men of the upper class in China at the time studied for these civil service examinations from the time they were born until they were around twenty to twenty five years old. The exam lasted for three days and the men were not allowed to leave or take a break from the small concrete booth. Some men went crazy while taking the exam, and only the elite few were accepted. They were tested on the five studies which were military strategy, civil law, revenue and taxation, agriculture and geography, and The Confucian Classics.

The Civil Service Examination was a strategy for selecting the best government officials. They would place men through a series of competitive examinations to select the most capable men for the positions in government.

Civil Service Examination