Tang DynastySong Dynasty Advances in Agriculture, Trade, Arts and Inventions
Advances in Agriculture • Song Dynasty • New irrigation techniques: • Underground wells • Dragon backbone pump--allowed one person to pump water instead of several people to scoop water • Cultivated land increased • Fast-ripening rice--grew quickly so three crops could grow in the time it used to take one crop to grow
Advances in Agriculture • growth of new crops • cotton • tea! Results: More food --> Increased population!
City Life • Tang Dynasty • Chang'an--largest city, huge, bustling trade center • Mix of many cultures:China, Korea, Persia, Arabia, and Europe • Religious and philsophical center: Buddhism, Daoism, and Christianity • Song Dynasty • Cities continued to grow
Trade in China and Beyond Trade in China • Traders used China's rivers to ship goods on barges and ships • Tang Dynasty improved and expanded Grand Canal which allowed Chinese to move goods and crops longer distances
Trade in China and Beyond Trade Beyond China (outside of China) • Tang Dynasty • Trade routes on land • Traded goods: tea, rice, spices and jade • Silk! • Song Dynasty • Trade routes on water • Porcelain! Strong economy led to invention of Paper Money
Arts Tang Dynasty • painted murals that celebrated Buddhism and nature • Poetry Song Dynasty • Li Qingzhao--greatest female poet • Used pale green glaze over its porcelain Tang and Song • Clay sculptures of horses
Inventions Tang Dynasty • wood block printing • gunpowder • magnetic compass (improved from Han dynasty) Song Dynasty • movable type • paper money