Splash Screen. Chapter Focus Section 1 Congressional Membership Section 2 The House of Representatives Section 3 The Senate Section 4 Congressional Committees Section 5 Staff and Support Agencies Chapter Assessment. Contents. Why It’s Important. Chapter Objectives.
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• How does apportionment of membership in the House of Representatives in districts provide representation to local voters?
• What are the key common characteristics of members of Congress?Section 1 Introduction-1
Describe the structure of Congress and list the qualifications for congressional membership.Section 1 Introduction-2
B. Members serve for two-year terms.
C. The number of representatives from each state is determined by the census population count every 10 years.
D. State legislatures set up congressional districts after the census count, with one representative from each district.Section 1-4
B. Senators serve for 6-year terms; one-third are elected every two years.
C. Each state elects two senators.
D. The Senate and the House set their members’ salaries; members receive numerous benefits, allowances for office staffs and business trips, tax breaks for maintaining two residences, and pensions when they retire.Section 1-8
F. Both the Senate and House may refuse to seat a member and may censure or even expel members.Section 1-9
D. Candidates for Congress have begun using the Internet as a campaign tool; experts forecast that Congressional candidates will make greater use of Web technologies in the future.Section 1-13
In the late 1990s, members of Congress faced growing criticism about spending so much time in office raising money and planning their reelection campaigns. Do you think this criticism was justified? Explain.
Answers will vary. Students should support their opinions with examples.Section 1-15
Match the term with the correct definition.
___ bicameral legislation
CSection 1 Assessment-2
Elbridge Gerry was an early Democratic-Republican governor of Massachusetts whose redistricting plan that gave his party a political advantage over the Federalists inspired the term gerrymandering.
The Twenty-seventh Amendment is the constitutional amendment that prohibits a sitting Congress from giving itself a pay raise.Section 1 Assessment-3
The Senate has more time because senators come up for reelection only every six years. Members of the House face reelection every two years.Section 1 Assessment-5