LSP_MAIN Language Structure Practice Introduction Activity Main Teaching Points Practice Practice I Practice II Practice III Practice IV Extra Practice Reference Instructions Possible Steps
LSP1_1 Language Structures Introduction Activity Read the following short paragraph and change the sentences from the active voice into the passive voice, where possible. Someone says Mr. Xiao will come to see Will and Ray in their dorm this afternoon. Their room looks a bit dirty and untidy. They will give the room a good clean in the morning. They have to throw away the old newspapers and put everything in order. Besides, they have to take down the old posters from the wall and put up some new ones. What is the most important, they have to wash up all the dirty socks which smell terrible. They will make their room neat and tidy and leave a good impression on the teacher.
LSP1_2 Language Structures Introduction Activity Reference It is said that Mr. Xiao will come to see Will and Ray in their dorm this afternoon. Their room looks a bit dirty and untidy. It will be given a good clean in the morning. The old newspapers have to be thrown away and everything has to be put in order. Besides, the old posters have to be taken down from the wall and some new ones have to be put up. What is the most important, all the dirty socks which smell terrible have to be washed up. Their room will be made neat and tidy and a good impression will be left on the teacher.
LSP1_4 Language Structures Main Teaching Points involving the modal auxiliary have to converted from the active sentence with a direct and an indirect object involving the verb phrase / phrasal verb formed by the They say / It is said… patterns
LSP3_1 Practice Practice I Directions: Listen to the recording and complete the dialogues. Then make similar dialogues with your partner by using the cues. A: Oh dear! My pupils’ homework is full of careless mistakes. B: Did you tell them to check their homework before they hand it in? A: No, I didn’t. B: I think they should be told that their homework has to be checked before they hand it in.
LSP3_2 Practice Practice I 【Cues of Practice I】
LSP3_3 Practice Practice I More Cues The lawn looks very untidy
LSP3-4 Practice Practice II A: Lilian’s been working very hard, I was told. B: Yes, so I heard. She often worked overtime. A: Is she paid anything extra for overtime? B: No, she isn’t.
LSP3_5 Practice Practice II 【Cues of Practice II】
LSP3_6 Practice Practice III A A: Poor Tom! Lots of people make fun of him. B: Why do they do that? A: Because he walks with a limp. B: Well, I don’t think anybody should be made fun of because of his physical handicap.
LSP3_7 Practice Practice III B A: How was the exhibition? B: Very good. A: Were brochures handed out to visitors? B: Oh, yes, they were.
LSP3_8 Practice Practice III 【Cues of Practice III- A】 1. Don’t make fun of people because of their physical handicap. 2. Don’t turn anybody down because of his hoarse voice. 3. Don’t look down on anybody because of his shabby clothes. 【Cues of Practice III- B】 1. They handed out brochures to visitors at the exhibition. 2. Someone put forward a good proposal at the discussion. 3. They didn’t arrive at a decision at the meeting yesterday.
LSP3_9 Practice Practice IV A: People say the city has mapped out a construction plan for the next year. B: Has it? Do you know any particulars? A: Yes. They say / It is said that three parks will be expanded. B: How wonderful! We’ll have more space for enjoyment and rest.
LSP3_10 Practice Practice IV 【Cues of Practice IV】 expand three parks more space for enjoyment and rest build an amusement park a place to go for recreation and pleasure set up a modern sewerage system a clean and healthy environment draw up a plan to renovate the stadium a proper stadium for national games and local sports meetings
LSP3_11 Practice Practice IV More Cues no fear of heavy traffic much better coach / bus service
LSP1_1 Extra Practice Extra Practice Situation: We’re going to have a class meeting. The main activity we are going to have is to make Jiaozi by ourselves in the campus cafeteria. Your foreign teacher is also invited to the meeting, but he / she doesn’t know how to make Jiaozi. So you are to tell him / her about the steps. You two take the roles of the foreign teacher in turn to make a dialogue. Try to use passive voice in your explanation. You may begin your dialogue like this:
LSP1_2 Extra Practice Extra Practice A: B: A: B: A: I hear you are invited to our class meeting. Will you come? Sure, but I don’t know how to make Jiaozi. It’s not very difficult. First, the materials should be prepared, including flour, water, meat, vegetables and spices. Then what’s the next step? … Sample
Sample1_1 Extra Practice A: I hear you are invited to our class meeting. Will you come? B: Sure, but I don’t know how to make Jiaozi. A: It’s not very difficult. First, the materials should be prepared, including flour, water, meat, vegetables and spices. B: Then what’s the next step? A: The flour should be mixed with certain amount of water. It will be made into dough. B: That sounds easy. So, what shall I do then?
Sample1_2 Extra Practice A: Er, a good knife is needed, because the meat and vegetables should be minced and mixed up. B: It must be an exhausting work. Is that all? A: Of course not. Spices should be put into the mixture. Then the filling is done. B: What spices are needed? A: You can add any according to your own taste. B: So, dough and fillings are OK now. Shall we begin? A: Not yet. The dough should be cut into small pieces and then rolled into small flat and round covers.
Sample1_3 Extra Practice B: Oh, yes, that’s important. A: Now, we can really begin. Certain amount of filling is to be put on the cover, and the edges of the cover should be squeezed. This is the most important step. B: I’ve heard that it’s the most difficult step. A: Em, you can say so. B: Shall I enjoy the delicious Jiaozi now? A: No, not yet. The last step is to put Jiaozi into boiling water. And it is said that when they float on the surface of water, they are ready.
LSP1_3 Extra Practice B: Oh, that’s wonderful. I’m looking forward to the class meeting. A: Me too. See you then. B: Thank you. See you then.
LSP1_ Reference Instructions Reference Instructions The materials you may need are flour, water, meat, vegetables and spices. People usually mix flour and water to make dough and mix meat with vegetables to make fillings. If necessary, you can also put some spices into the fillings. You also need to cut the dough into small pieces and roll the small pieces into flat and round covers. You can put some fillings onto the cover and then squeeze the edges. Now that you’ve made it, you can boil some water and put your Jiaozi into the boiling water. Ten minutes later, you can test whether your Jiaozi is delicious or not.
LSP1_ Possible Steps1 Possible Steps 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. The materials should be prepared, including flour, water, meat, vegetables and spices. The flour should be mixed with certain amount of water. It will be made into dough. The meat and vegetables should be minced and mixed up. Spices should be put into the mixture which is called the fillings. The dough should be cut into small pieces. The small pieces of dough should be rolled into small flat and round covers.
LSP1_ Possible Steps2 Possible Steps 7. 8. 9. Certain amount of fillings should be put on the cover. The edges of the cover should be squeezed. Jiaozi should be put into boiling water. And it is said that when they float on the surface of water, they are ready for us to eat.
Dialogue_MAIN Dialogue I Warming-up Questions Dialogue Language Point Practice Retelling Outline Role Play Dialogue II Phrases, Sentences and Expressions Dialogue Oral Practice
LSP1_1 Dialogue I Warming-up Questions 1. 2. 3. 4. Have you ever met this kind of situation before? What did you do at that time? A piece of news said in Shanghai a man who has got cancer begged for a seat on the bus, but nobody would help him. What do you think of this? Why people are so cold? Is the society responsible for this phenomenon? What shall we do to improve the situation? Watch the short video and discuss what it tells us.
Dialogues1_1 Dialogue I Warming-up Questions ■
Dialogues1_2 Dialogue I Dialogue Farewell to Rude Manners A: How do you come to school every day? B: By bike. A: So you’re lucky. You’re not bothered by rude people with their rough behavior. B: I don’t get it. A: I come to school by bus every day and sometimes it turns out to be a terrible experience. I mean a bus ride.If the worst comes to the worst, you may find yourself on an overcrowded bus with no order, and in a near-riot. I’m not exaggerating.
Dialogues1_3 Dialogue I Dialogue B: I see what you mean. I’m sorry for you. A: During the rush hour you have to fightyour wayin, and fight your way out when you get off. B: How terrible! A: What’s more terrible, you often find yourself among people with no manners. This morning I saw something you wouldn’t believe unless you saw it with your own eyes. B: Yes?
Dialogues1_4 Dialogue I Dialogue A: At the bus terminal there was a big crowd. Because the bus was a little late, the crowd grew bigger and bigger. When the bus finally arrived, the waiting crowd turned into a charging mob, rushing the door. B: What craziness! A: Then some young guys pushed hard and elbowed their way to the front. They wanted to get on as fast as possible so they could get a seat. A woman carrying a baby lost her balance and fell down in this mad scramble. But those guys still pushed and pressed their way onto the bus, leaving others to take care of her.
Dialogues1_5 Dialogue I Dialogue B: It’s shocking to see young people behave so badly. This is one of the reasons I don’t take buses as a rule. I came across something as dreadful the other day. As it was raining, I didn’t ride my bike and took a bus instead. The bus was very crowded. I saw an old lady standing next to the seats reserved for the old and weak. A: Why didn’t she take a seat then? B: The seats were occupied by two robust young men who totally ignored her presence. It was an elderly man who finally got up and offered her his seat.
Dialogues1_6 Dialogue I Dialogue A: B: A: B: Those young men were too preoccupied with themselves. Yes. They have the me-first mentality. There’re other forms of rudeness that people unblushingly exhibit in public places, such as spitting and littering. I know. The problem is that they don’t seem to care about the public code of conduct.
Dialogues1_7 Dialogue I Dialogue A: Young people have to be told that they should show respect for others before they are respected by others. I really think it’s time we did something and bade farewell to all rude manners. B: I agree. I’m all for developing socialist ethics, and the socialist moral standards ought to be passed down from generation to generation.
Sample Tip1 Dialogue I Language Point Practice 1. “I see what you mean” 1) A wonders why B always refuses to go on a trip. Finally she understands. 2) A walks whenever she could. B wonders. After A explains, he finally sees the point. 3) A eats sparingly these days. B asks... A explains. A: What makes you always refuse to go somewhere with us? B: Well, haven’t you considered the fact that everything costs a lot of money? A: Ah, now I see what you mean.
Tip2 Dialogue I Language Point Practice 2. “unless” 1) A promises B to act a part in a play, but she has one condition. 2) B asks A to go on a picnic, A says yes, but he will go only under one condition. 3) A promises to...for B, but B has to...for her. Sample A: All right, I’ll act the part of Jo, but there’s one thing I want to ask of you. B: What? A: I won’t have anything to do with the play unless you let me have my way.
Tip3 Dialogue I Language Point Practice 3. “ignore” 1) A shares a room with a rude student. He doesn’t know what to do with him. 2) A sees B very upset and asks him / her what the problem is. B explains that his / her motorcycle was taken away by a police officer because he / she paid no attention to the traffic lights when riding last night and got into trouble. 3) A leaves for school and his / her mother reminds him / her of not neglecting his / her homework again.
Tip3 Dialogue I Language Point Practice Sample A: My roommate is very annoying, especially with his rude manners. I’m thinking of moving out to a new place. B: It’s not easy to find a room in the middle of the semester. I think it’s sometimes best just to ignore rude people.
LSP1_1 Dialogue I Retelling Outline A and B are commenting on some unpleasant daily occurrences in public places 1. 2. 3. A tells B about his personal experience at a bus stop one morning. B in turn tells A about what he saw on the bus one day when he did not come to school by bike. A and B talk about what young people should do and should not do.
Dialogue_Words 1_bother bother:v. to cause trouble, worry, or annoyance to (someone) esp. repeatedly or continually, in little ways e.g.: What bothers me most is the fact that he seems to take no interest in his work. I’m sorry to bother you, but can you tell me the time?
Dialogue_Words 1_rough rough:adj. usu. derogative (esp. of a person or their behavior) showing a lack of gentleness, good manners or consideration and perhaps a readiness to use force or violence e.g.: They complained of rough handling by the police.
Dialogue_Words 1_turn out turn out: to happen to be, or be found to be, in the end e.g.: To our surprise the stranger turned out to be an old friend of my mother’s. As it has turned out, there was no need to worry.
Dialogue_Words 1_riot riot:n. a scene of noisy, uncontrolled, often violent behavior by a large disorderly crowd of people e.g.: The sudden increase in the price of bread led to riots in the streets.
Dialogue_Words 1_fight one’s way fight one’s way cp.: fight / force / push one’s way elbow / shoulder one’s way press / edge one’s way feel one’s way make one’s way
Dialogue_Words 1_terminal terminal:n. a station at the end of a transportation line or at a major junction on a transportation line
Dialogue_Words 1_a charging mob a charging mob:a noisy crowd who are ready to fight
Dialogue_Words 1_rushing the door rushing the door:move quickly and forcefully toward the door
Dialogue_Words 1_lose one’s balance lose one’s balance:失去平衡 e.g.: He lost his balance and fell off his bicycle.
Dialogue_Words 1_scramble scramble:n. an eager and disorderly struggle e.g.: a mad scramble for the best seats
Dialogue_Words 1_as a rule as a rule:as a routine, as something that will frequently be done e.g.: I hate to be late, so I get up very early as a rule.
Dialogue_Words 1_come across come across:to meet, find, or discover, esp. by chance e.g.: She came across some old letters in the course of her search.