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Comparative Political Parties. Great Britain versus Germany. What are Political Parties? What are Political Ideologies? Electoral Systems Party Systems. Great Britain versus Germany Britain’s Political Parties British 2005 General Election Results

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comparative political parties

Comparative Political Parties

Great Britain versus Germany

what are political parties what are political ideologies electoral systems party systems
What are Political Parties?What are Political Ideologies?Electoral SystemsParty Systems

Great Britain versus Germany

Britain’s Political Parties

British 2005 General Election Results

Germany’s Political Parties

Germany’s last General Election


More Party Comparatives

what are political parties
What are Political Parties?

What are Political Ideologies?

  • Values: freedoms, equality, rights
  • Limitations or not: on government
    • Constitutional, Democracy, Dictatorships
  • Economic structures:
    • Free Market, Mixed, or Command
great britain s electoral system versus germany s electoral system
Great Britain’s Electoral System versusGermany’s Electoral System

Great Britain’s Two-Party System:

Unitary Political System

 Parliamentary System:

House of Commons -- 659 Seats (Lower)

House of Lords - 500 life peers (Upper)

- 92 hereditary peers

1. Single-member District Elections with

plurality winners:

A Majoritarian System.

 Promotes: Two-Party Systems


Germany’s Hybrid Electoral System, Two-Party Plus Multiparty Systemor “Mixed-Member Proportional”.Each voter votes twice on ballot: Once for District Representation Once for State Party Representation

Federal Republic

Parliamentary System:

Bundestag - 603 Members (Lower)

represents 299 Districts

Bundesrat - 68 Members (Upper)

represents 16 Laender (States)

  • Single-member District Elections (5%)
  • Landesliste (Party vote) Proportional


great britain s political parties in a two party system
Great Britain’s Political Partiesin a Two-Party System:
  • Labour Party: < Left and Right >

Left: militant trade unionist,

intellectual radicalism,

want industry nationalized,

no public schools,

higher taxes on rich,

leave the European Union

no nuclear weapons

right is moderate and centrist
Right: Is moderate and centrist

favors some welfare,

wants no government

takeovers of industry,

is pro NATO, pro Europe,

pro American foreign


the tories traditionalists and thatcherites roskin 2004
The Tories: Traditionalists and Thatcherites (Roskin, 2004)
  • Conservative Party:

pragmatic: to evaluate matters

according to their practical


Traditionalists: takes everybody’s interest into account.

likes to retain traditional ways of

doing things.

wants people to lead the country that are

born and educated to lead it.

The Thatcherite Wing: (traces of 19th Century liberalism; called today neoliberalismand like American Conservatism)

want to limit government, and free the economy.

want a strong military.

favor the Common Market but not the

European Union which they believe

encroaches upon British sovereignty.

british 2005 election results
British 2005 Election Results:

Party% of VoteSeats

Labour 35.2 356

Conservatives: 32.3 197

Liberal Dem: 22 62

Other: 10.5 31

germany s political parties mixed member proportional system
Germany’s Political Parties:Mixed-Member Proportional System
  • Christian Democratic Union (CDU) with

Christian Social Union (CSU, Bavarian):

old Catholic based center party.

after WWII, became more inclusive

to protestant religion membership.

it follows a Social Market economy

philosophy, later expanded the “Welfare State Modell Deutschland”: concerns for

all social groups.

workers/unions participate in company


german parties continued
German Parties, continued:
  • Social Democratic Party (SPD):

originally Marxist, in 1959 dropped Marxism.

represents traditional working class, but

also attracts middle class, especially intellectuals.

Now, a center-left party (Schroeder’s “Third Way”): less government, more

shared responsibility, open markets.

Party governs Bundestag with Greens

german parties continued1
German Parties, continued
  • Greens Party:

ecology-pacifist party.

once radical in ‘60s - ‘80s, now

pragmatic and are in Bundestag

and Bundesrat since 1990s.

by 2002, won 8.6% of national vote.

want to phase out nuclear plants.

want high taxes on gasoline.

govern with SPD coalition.

german parties continued2
German Parties, continued

Free Democratic Party:

a classical liberal party.

wants free society.

wants free markets.

more individual responsibility.

less government overall.

before 1990s, governed in coalition

with CDU/CSU.

germany s 2002 election results
Germany’s 2002 Election Results:

Party% of Votes Seats

SPD 38.5 251

CDU/CSU 38.5 248

Alliance ‘90/

Greens 8.6 55

FDP 7.4 47

Party of Dem.Soc. 4.0 2

final party comparatives
Final Party Comparatives

British Both German

Party ID

de-alignment issues

more centrist

Prime Minister Parliament members Chancellor

are loyal to leaders


Nat’l party All Party input

Small allowances Larger ones

Campaigns, fees matched

2005 elections results
2005 Elections Results

September 10, 2005

Party %Seats in Fed.Assembly

CDU/CSU 35.2 225

SPD 34.3 222

FDP 9.8 61

Left 8.7 54

Greens 8.1 51

political positions
Political Positions

President/Chief of State: Horst Koehler

Five year term, since July 1, 2005:

elected by Federal Convention of

Federal Assembly + = amount of state delegates

Chancellor: Angela Merkel, CDU

Four year term:

elected by absolute majority of Federal Assembly

on September 22, 2005

Cabinet - Federal Ministers: are appointed by the

President, from the Chancellor’s recommendations.