Comparative Political Parties. Great Britain versus Germany. What are Political Parties? What are Political Ideologies? Electoral Systems Party Systems. Great Britain versus Germany Britain’s Political Parties British 2005 General Election Results
Great Britain versus Germany
Great Britain versus Germany
Britain’s Political Parties
British 2005 General Election Results
Germany’s Political Parties
Germany’s last General Election
More Party Comparatives
What are Political Ideologies?
Great Britain’s Two-Party System:
Unitary Political System
House of Commons -- 659 Seats (Lower)
House of Lords - 500 life peers (Upper)
- 92 hereditary peers
1. Single-member District Elections with
A Majoritarian System.
Promotes: Two-Party Systems
Germany’s Hybrid Electoral System, Two-Party Plus Multiparty Systemor “Mixed-Member Proportional”.Each voter votes twice on ballot: Once for District Representation Once for State Party Representation
Bundestag - 603 Members (Lower)
represents 299 Districts
Bundesrat - 68 Members (Upper)
represents 16 Laender (States)
Left: militant trade unionist,
want industry nationalized,
no public schools,
higher taxes on rich,
leave the European Union
no nuclear weapons
favors some welfare,
wants no government
takeovers of industry,
is pro NATO, pro Europe,
pro American foreign
pragmatic: to evaluate matters
according to their practical
Traditionalists: takes everybody’s interest into account.
likes to retain traditional ways of
wants people to lead the country that are
born and educated to lead it.
want to limit government, and free the economy.
want a strong military.
favor the Common Market but not the
European Union which they believe
encroaches upon British sovereignty.
Party% of VoteSeats
Labour 35.2 356
Conservatives: 32.3 197
Liberal Dem: 22 62
Other: 10.5 31
Christian Social Union (CSU, Bavarian):
old Catholic based center party.
after WWII, became more inclusive
to protestant religion membership.
it follows a Social Market economy
philosophy, later expanded the “Welfare State Modell Deutschland”: concerns for
all social groups.
workers/unions participate in company
originally Marxist, in 1959 dropped Marxism.
represents traditional working class, but
also attracts middle class, especially intellectuals.
Now, a center-left party (Schroeder’s “Third Way”): less government, more
shared responsibility, open markets.
Party governs Bundestag with Greens
once radical in ‘60s - ‘80s, now
pragmatic and are in Bundestag
and Bundesrat since 1990s.
by 2002, won 8.6% of national vote.
want to phase out nuclear plants.
want high taxes on gasoline.
govern with SPD coalition.
Free Democratic Party:
a classical liberal party.
wants free society.
wants free markets.
more individual responsibility.
less government overall.
before 1990s, governed in coalition
Party% of Votes Seats
SPD 38.5 251
CDU/CSU 38.5 248
Greens 8.6 55
FDP 7.4 47
Party of Dem.Soc. 4.0 2
British Both German
Prime Minister Parliament members Chancellor
are loyal to leaders
Nat’l party All Party input
Small allowances Larger ones
Campaigns, fees matched
September 10, 2005
Party %Seats in Fed.Assembly
CDU/CSU 35.2 225
SPD 34.3 222
FDP 9.8 61
Left 8.7 54
Greens 8.1 51
President/Chief of State: Horst Koehler
Five year term, since July 1, 2005:
elected by Federal Convention of
Federal Assembly + = amount of state delegates
Chancellor: Angela Merkel, CDU
Four year term:
elected by absolute majority of Federal Assembly
on September 22, 2005
Cabinet - Federal Ministers: are appointed by the
President, from the Chancellor’s recommendations.