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19 th Century isms. Blame. The revolutionary zeal of the Fr Rev was blamed on enlightened ideals such as equality, constitutionalism, and national pride Those who upheld these ideals were called ‘liberals’ Thus, liberalism was born. Conservatism : Enemy of the liberal.

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Presentation Transcript
blame
Blame
  • The revolutionary zeal of the Fr Rev was blamed on enlightened ideals such as equality, constitutionalism, and national pride
  • Those who upheld these ideals were called ‘liberals’
  • Thus, liberalism was born
conservatism enemy of the liberal
Conservatism: Enemy of the liberal
  • Conservative = advocates status quo or a return to the old traditional ways
19 th century liberalism
19th Century Liberalism
  • Liberal = advocate of change
  • Two ‘branches’ of 19th century liberalism
    • Capitalism and laissez-faire

(Classical Liberalism)

    • Socialism
capitalism
Capitalism
  • Little to no government intervention in business
  • Private property rights
  • ‘Short term misery for long term gain’
adam smith
Adam Smith
  • Supported laissez-faire economics
  • ‘Father of Capitalism’ (classical liberalism)
  • Invisible Hand concept
  • Private property
socialism
Socialism
  • Advocates government intervention in business
  • Support worker
  • Numerous approaches:
    • Christian
    • Utopian
    • Scientific
    • Fabian
karl marx scientific socialism
Karl MarxScientific Socialism
  • Historical phases
  • Proletariat vs capitalist
  • Alienation and exploitation
  • Bloody revolution
  • Communism as final stage
side note in 20 th century america
Side Note…In 20th century America…
  • Conservative means less gov’t and advocates classical liberal ideas
  • Liberals are often seen as advocates of government intervention
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