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The Korean War - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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The Korean War. p. 362. North and South Korea. Just like Germany was divided into sections following WWII, Korea was divided into two parts. North Korea formed a communist government in 1948. South Korea formed a republic . (A form of government in which people elect representatives.).

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north and south korea
North and South Korea
  • Just like Germany was divided into sections following WWII, Korea was divided into two parts.
    • North Korea formed a communist government in 1948.
    • South Korea formed a republic. (A form of government in which people elect representatives.)
the invasion
The Invasion
  • In 1950 North Korea invaded South Korea with the hopes of the Korean peninsula becoming a communist country.
  • North Korea was supported by China, which became a communist country in 1949. Russia also supplied the North Koreans.
  • The Korean War was the first armed confrontation of the Cold War.
president harry truman s response
President Harry Truman’s Response
  • Harry Truman quickly committed troops to help the South Koreans.
  • The United Nations sent troops from 15 countries to support the South Koreans.
  • General Douglas MacArthur commanded all of the Allied Troops in Korea.
1952 election
1952 Election
  • The Korean War was an important issue in the 1952 election.
  • Dwight Eisenhower promised if he were elected he would end the fighting in Korea.
  • Fighting continued until 1953.
pow s
POW’s
  • Prisoners of war were severely mistreated by the North Koreans. Various historical accounts reported frequent beatings, starvation, forced labor, summary executions and death marches imposed by the Communist forces on UN prisoners.
war crimes
War Crimes
  • Approximately two-thirds of all American prisoners of war in Korea died due to war crimes.
causalities
Causalities
  • A total of 33,651 service members died in battle during the Korean War.
    • 27,709 U.S. Army
    • 4,269 U.S. Marines
    • 1,198 U.S. Air Force
    • 475 U.S. Navy.
    • 7,140 service members became prisoners of war.
ending the war
Ending the War
  • The United States, North Korea and China sign an armistice, which ended the war but failed to bring about a permanent peace.
  • To date, North and South Korea have not signed a peace treaty.