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The Korean War

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  1. The Korean War Omar Arraseef Matt Hammond

  2. The Beginning • After Japan’s surrender, Soviets occupied North Korea (Democratic People's Republic of Korea or DPRK) and the U.S. occupied South Korea (Republic of Korea or ROK) • The Soviets armed the North Koreans with heavy artillery, etc, but the U.S. sold the ROK one ship and gave some weapons • In early 1950, the U.S. announced that it had no interest in the area anymore, and on June 25th, Kim Il-Sung attacked the ROK in hopes of making a unified, Communist Korea

  3. North Korea • Initially, the North Korean Communists were on their own • Their Offensive lasted from June 25th to September 15th • They pushed took the ROK capital, Seoul, in four days • They pushed the South Koreans and even the U.N., after they got involved, to a corner in the southeast of the Korean Peninsula (The Pusan Perimeter)

  4. U.N. Involvement • The U.S. contributed ground troops, ships, and aircraft • The British Royal Navy aided South Koreans with ships and aircraft • Although they were pushed back on ground, they all defended the Pusan Perimeter and had Air and Naval superiority • After they launched an amphibious assault, their offensive lasted from September 15th to November 25th

  5. Chinese Involvement • October 19th, after taking capital of the DPRK, the U.S. follows retreating DPRK troops into China, and 300,000 Chinese troops cross the Yalu River and join the fight on the side of the North Koreans • The Chinese offensive on U.N. forces began on November 25th and ending on January 25th, 1951, and putting a stop to a planned final attack on DPRK troops • They relied on sheer numbers, but the U.N. forces had more advanced weapons and by January 25th, fighting and the winter had depleted the Chinese of resources along with the North Koreans

  6. Stability from January 25th to June 30th • The U.N./ROK forces drove the North Koreans and Chinese north and to the west • U.N. forces held their ground, but they bombed railways and industrial infrastructure continuously to weaken the enemy an early end was expected

  7. Summer 1951-July 27th 1953 • Truces were being negotiated, until the Chinese claimed that U.N. planes attacked the city of Kaesong and a two day offensive on August 27-28th • U.N. forces counterattacked and forced the Chinese and DPRK governments to continue peace talks • Prisoners would not be allowed to go free until Dwight D. Eisenhower took office and, two months later, Josef Stalin died • Tens of thousands of North Koreans and Chinese were released in June of 1953 and on July 27th, an armistice was signed, but no side could say who won • This has been the longest ceasefire in history

  8. Bibliography • http://www.history.navy.mil/photos/events/kowar/kowar.htm • http://library.thinkquest.org/10826/korea.htm • http://www.incirlik.af.mil/news/story.asp?id=123023362

  9. Images • http://members.cox.net/chuxwords/korea.gif • http://news.bbc.co.uk/nol/shared/spl/hi/pop_ups/03/uk_korean_war/img/3.jpg • http://www.paulnoll.com/Korea/War/Peng-cross-Yalu.jpg • http://www.civilization.ca/cwm/ressource/images/violentpeace/photos/ph41.jpg • http://z.about.com/d/history1900s/1/7/6/B/1/korean31.gif • http://www.landscaper.net/images/38thPar.jpg

  10. Images continued… • http://www.kmike.com/Appleman/jpg/Kim_Il_Sung.jpg • http://www.congressionalgoldmedal.com/images/DouglasMacArthurPresidentTruman.jpg