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SAMUEL MORSE. BY ERIK BROPHY. Samuel Morse: Samuel Finley Breeze Morse was born in Charlestown, Mass. on 27th April 1791. He was not a scientist - he was a professional artist.

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samuel morse

SAMUEL MORSE

BY

ERIK BROPHY

slide2
Samuel Morse: Samuel Finley Breeze Morse was born in Charlestown, Mass. on 27th April 1791.
  • He was not a scientist - he was a professional artist.
  • Educated at Phillip’s Academy at Andover, he graduated from Yale in 1810 and he lived in England from 1811 to 1815, exhibiting at the Royal Academy in 1813.
  • He spent the next ten years as an itinerant artist with a particular interest in portraiture.
  • He returned to America in 1832 having been appointed Professor of Painting and Sculpture at the University of the City of New York.
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It was on this homeward voyage that he overheard a shipboard discussion on electromagnets. This was the seed out of which the electric telegraph grew. Morse is remembered for his Code, still used, and less for the invention that enabled it to be used, probably since landline telegraphy eventually gave way to wireless telegraphy.

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Morse is remembered for his Code, still used, and less for the invention that enabled it to be used, probably since landline telegraphy eventually gave way to wireless telegraphy
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Telegraph stations in the United States, the Canadas & Nova Scotia, 1853

This map reveals the status of the telegraph network as it existed in the U.S. in 1853, only nine years after the first message. By this time, only one state east of the Mississippi, Florida, was not connected by telegraph. The legend on the left offers the list of message rates from Pittsburgh. By 1861, telegraph lines connected the American continent; by 1866, the transatlantic cable connected America and Europe.

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Samuel  Morse Telegraph ReceiverUsed to receive the message, "What hath God wrought"during the demonstration to Congress in 1844.