This PowerPoint presentation will help you learn how to create a climograph and how to use climographs to compare climat - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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This PowerPoint presentation will help you learn how to create a climograph and how to use climographs to compare climat PowerPoint Presentation
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This PowerPoint presentation will help you learn how to create a climograph and how to use climographs to compare climat

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This PowerPoint presentation will help you learn how to create a climograph and how to use climographs to compare climat
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This PowerPoint presentation will help you learn how to create a climograph and how to use climographs to compare climat

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  1. This PowerPoint presentation will help you learn how to create a climograph and how to use climographs to compare climates in different places.

  2. Weather is the state of the atmosphere at a given place and time. For example, right now, the temperature in Chicago, Illinois may be 56°F with rain. Definitions taken from infoplease.com

  3. Climate is the average condition of the atmosphere (such as temperature or precipitation) over a long period of time. For example, the average temperature over the past 40 years for the month of February may be 32°F. The average precipitation is 2.8 inches. Climate is the average of weather conditions in a place.

  4. Just as the weather differs from day to day, the climate differs from place to place. Seattle, WA Houston, TX Phoenix, AZ Barrow, AK Cool Warm Hot Cold Moist Moist Dry Dry

  5. Just Checking • What is weather? • What is climate? • How are weather and climate different?

  6. Two important elements of weather and climate are: precipitation and temperature • Precipitation includes all forms of moisture falling to the surface of the earth. (Examples: rain, sleet, snow, hail) • Temperature is how warm or cool the air is outside. * In this activity, mean temperature/precipitation is the same as average temperature/precipitation. Mean=Average

  7. In the following activity you will compare the climate in your area to the climate in Chongqing, China • First, we will learn how to develop a climograph by looking at an example for Orlando, Florida. A climograph is a graph that displays average (mean) precipitation and temperature for an area. A climograph is used to compare the climate in different places. • Next, we will create one climograph for Chongqing, China and another for your hometown. • Finally, you will use the two climographs you created to compare the climate in your hometown with the climate in Chongqing, China.

  8. Practice making a climograph for Orlando, Florida Find the climate data (average/mean temperature and precipitation) for Orlando, Florida. • Go towww. worldclimate.com • Type Orlando in the Search Box and click on the search button. • Click on the Orlando/Jetport/FL., United States of America link. • Scroll down to Orlando/Jetport/FL., United States of America

  9. Noticing Precipitation Patterns • Click on the average rainfall link. Take note of any patterns you see: * Note: This website uses the words “average rainfall” instead of “average precipitation”. It is more accurate to use “average precipitation” since this includes all forms of precipitation (such as rain, snow, and sleet). • Is there more precipitation in the summer months (July, August, September) or the winter months (January, February, March)? • What other patterns do you see in the average precipitation data for Orlando, Florida?

  10. To graph the average precipitation: • Label the x-axis (horizontal) with the months (Jan.-Dec.) and include a space for the yearly average precipitation. • Label the y-axis (vertical), on the left side of the graph, with the average precipitation levels in inches. • Next, plot the average precipitation for Jan. by drawing a bar over “Jan” reaching up to the amount of precipitation listed for that month. For our example, the Jan. average precipitation was 2.1 inches, so we drew a bar over Jan reaching the 2.1 level on the y-axis of the graph. Continue graphing the precipitation data in the same manner for each month and for the year.

  11. Noticing Temperature Patterns • Click the back button and scroll down to Orlando/Jetport/FL., United States of America • Click on the average temperature link. • Is it hotter in the summer (July, August, September) or in the winter months (January, February, March)? • What other patterns do you see in the average temperature data for Orlando, Florida?

  12. To graph the average temperature: • Use the same graph on which you plotted the average precipitation for Orlando, FL. • Label the y-axis (vertical), on the right side of the graph, with the average temperature levels in degrees Fahrenheit. • Next, plot the average temperature for Jan. by placing a dot over Jan at the average temperature listed for that month. For our example, the January average temperature was 59.9°F, so we placed a dot over Jan at the 59.9 level on the y-axis of the graph. Continue graphing the remaining temperature data in the same manner for each month and for the year. • Last, connect the dots by drawing a line from the dot for January and continue through the dot for December. Donot connect the dot for the year. Key

  13. A climograph includes both the average precipitation and the average temperature data. Your climograph should look like the one below. Be sure to include a title for your graph and a key showing the symbols that represent the average precipitation and the average temperature. Key

  14. Now it is your turn… First, print 2 blank copies of the graph from the next slide.

  15. 50 120 45 100 40 TITLE 35 80 KEY 30 Average Precipitation in Inches Average Temperature in Degree Fahrenheit 25 60 20 40 15 10 20 5 0 0 J F M A M J J A S O N D Year Month

  16. Finding the Climate Data for Chongqing, China • To find the climate data (average temperature and precipitation) for Chongqing, China, go tohttp://www.worldclimate.com. • Type Chongqing in the search box and click enter. • Click on Chongqing, China. • Be sure to click on both average rainfall and average precipitation data for Chongqing, China. You may want to write this data on a piece of paper or print it out.

  17. Graphing the Average Precipitation for Chongqing, China • Using one of the graphs you printed, plot the average precipitation data. For example, using the precipitation amount for January, create a bar above the J reaching up to the amount of precipitation listed for that month. Be sure to use the scale on the left y-axis for graphing average precipitation. Do the same for all months and the yearly precipitation data.

  18. Graphing the Average Temperature for Chongqing, China • Next, using the same graph, plot the average temperature data. For example, using the temperature information for January, place a dot above the J using the scale on the right y-axis. Do the same for all months and the yearly total. Draw a line connecting the dots from January to December. • Be sure to put a title at the top of your climograph in the box labeled “title”and a key in the box labeled “key”.

  19. Climate Patterns in Chongqing, China • What pattern do you see in the average monthly precipitation for Chongqing? • What pattern do you see in the average monthly temperature for Chongqing?

  20. Finding the Climate Data for Your Hometown • To find the average temperature and precipitation for your hometown go tohttp://www.worldclimate.com. • Type the name of your hometown in the search box and click enter. • You may not find your hometown. If your hometown is not listed go to a larger city near your home. • Be sure to use the data from a location that has both average temperature and average precipitation. You may want to write this data on a piece of paper or print it out.

  21. Graphing the climate in your hometown • Using one of the graphs you printed, plot the average precipitation data. For example, using the precipitation amount for January, create a bar above the J reaching up to the amount of precipitation listed for that month. Be sure to use the scale shown on the left y-axis for graphing average precipitation. Do the same for all the months and for the yearly total.

  22. Graphing the Average Temperature for Your Hometown • Next, using the same graph, plot the average temperature data. For example, using the temperature information for January, place a dot above the J using the scale shown on the right y-axis. Do the same for all the months and for the yearly average. Draw a line connecting the dots from January through December. Donot connect the dot for the year. • Be sure to put a title at the top of your climograph in the box labeled “title”and a key in the box labeled “key”.

  23. Using climographs to compare the climate of Chongqing, China to the climate of your hometown: • Which are the warmest months in Chongqing, China? • Which are the warmest months in your hometown? • Which are the coolest months in Chongqing, China? • Which are the coolest months in your hometown? • Which place has the highest average temperature for the year? • Write a sentence comparing the average monthly temperatures in Chongqing to the average monthly temperatures in your hometown.

  24. Which are the wettest months in Chongqing, China? • Which are the wettest months in your hometown? • Which place has the highest yearly precipitation? • Write a sentence comparing the average yearly precipitation in Chongqing with the average yearly precipitation in your hometown.

  25. Something to think about • Would the average yearly temperature and the average yearly precipitation be a good way to describe the climate of an area? Why or why not? • If you were to live in Chongqing, China for a year, what changes might you make in your clothing or activities because of the climate?

  26. N W E S How Does the Climate Differ Across China? There are 5 cities listed on the map above: Harbin, Beijing, Guangzhou, Fengdu and Kashi. In the next activity, you will create a series of climographs to compare the climates of these cities.

  27. First, print the next three slides, including the blank climograph and climate data charts.

  28. 50 120 45 100 40 35 80 30 Title Average Precipitation in Inches Average Temperature in Degree Fahrenheit 25 Key 60 20 40 15 10 20 5 0 0 J F M A M J J A S O N D Year Month

  29. Harbin, China Beijing, China Guangzhou, China

  30. Fengdu, China Kashi, China

  31. After printing out the previous slides, make 5 copies of the blank climograph. • Plot the climate data for each of the cities on a different climograph. • Be sure to put a title and a key on each climograph.

  32. Use the graph you just created to compare the climate in different cities across China: • Which place has the lowest average temperature for the year? • Which place has the coldest winter (January, February, March)? • Which place has the warmest winter (January, February, March)? • Which place has the highest average temperature for the year? • Which place has the hottest summer (July, August, Sept)? • Which place has the coolest summer (July, August, Sept)?

  33. Which place has the highest yearly precipitation? • Which place has the wettest summer (July, August, Sept)? • Which place has the wettest winter (January, February, March)? • Which place has the climate most similar to the climate of your hometown? • Which place has the lowest yearly precipitation?

  34. Describing Patterns Look at the map of China on slide 25 and at the climographs you have created Which parts of China are the coldest? …warmest? Which parts of China are the driest? …wettest? What patterns can you see in the climate of China?

  35. Just Checking • The condition of the atmosphere at a given place and time is called ___________________. • The average condition of the atmosphere over a long period of time is called __________________. • The two main elements of weather and climate are ___________ and ____________. • Another word for average is ________________. • Forms of precipitation include ___________________________________________________________________________________________________. • A graph used to show average temperature and precipitation for a place is called a __________________.