Anthropological Theory. Part II. Paradigm IV. Functionalism. In Britain a very different reaction to 19 th C. evolution took place Shift from change (evolution) to how societies maintained themselves, or stayed the same Unlike Boas’ historical perspective, functionalism was synchronic.
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integration of society
must deal with the totality—an anatomy of culture
ment of the parts of society
the parts to the maintenance
of the whole
Culture evolves as the amount of energy harnessed per capita per year is increased, or as the efficiency of the instrumental means of putting the energy to work is increased
Before paper and scissors
environments were organized differently
critique of capitalism
blasts kill many
worship the devil, “Tio”
rituals so Tio won’t let accidents
kill them; Tio is ruthless, gluttonous, powerful
Most divisive: idealist - materialist