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A Functional Analysis of Aggression: Adaptive and Maladaptive Profiles. Todd D. Little Key Collaborators: Stephanie M. Jones Christopher C. Henrich Patricia H. Hawley Jessica Brauner. Outline. Highlight the Primary Views on the Structure of Agonistic Behaviors

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a functional analysis of aggression adaptive and maladaptive profiles

A Functional Analysis of Aggression: Adaptive and Maladaptive Profiles

Todd D. Little

Key Collaborators:

Stephanie M. Jones

Christopher C. Henrich

Patricia H. Hawley

Jessica Brauner

outline
Outline
  • Highlight the Primary Views on the Structure of Agonistic Behaviors
  • Present Our Multi-faceted Model of Aggression
  • Focus on Typologies based on our Action-Theory Form vs. Function Analysis
    • Touch on Differences in Reporters’ Perspectives
  • Sample: 1,723 5th-10th Grade German Students
contemporary functional view
Contemporary Functional View
  • Reactive Aggression:
    • Aggression that appears to be an angry defensive response to frustration (goal blocking) or provocation and includes responses that are primarily interpersonal and hostile in nature (stems from frustration-aggression model).
  • Proactive (Instrumental) Aggression:
    • Aggression that occurs in anticipation of self-serving outcomes and is a deliberate behavior that is controlled by external reinforcements (stems from social learning theory formulations of aggression).
    • - Coie & Dodge, 1998
contemporary forms view
Contemporary Forms View
  • Overt (Direct, Physical)Aggression:
    • Generally described as physical/verbal aggression (hitting or pushing, threatening to beat up others) directed at a target.
    • Note: The functional distinctions have only been made for overt aggression.
  • Relational (Covert, Indirect) Aggression:
    • Behaviors that are intended to significantly damage another’s child’s friendships or feeling of inclusion by the peer group (e.g., purposefully withdrawing friendship or acceptance, spreading rumors, gossiping, etc.).
    • - Crick & Grotpeter, 1995
slide6
Overt

Reactive

Overt

Instrumental

A Unifying Model of Aggression

slide7
Overt

(Dispositional)

Relational

(Dispositional)

Overt

Reactive

Overt

Instrumental

A Unifying Model of Aggression

slide8
Overt

(Dispositional)

Relational

(Dispositional)

Overt

Reactive

Overt

Instrumental

Relational

Reactive

Relational

Instrumental

A Unifying Model of Aggression

slide9
Overt

(Dispositional)

Relational

(Dispositional)

Overt

Reactive

Overt

Instrumental

Relational

Reactive

Relational

Instrumental

A Unifying Model of Aggression

slide10
Overt

(Dispositional)

Relational

(Dispositional)

A Unifying Model of Aggression

Reactive

Instrumental

Reactive

Instrumental

slide11
Overt

(Dispositional)

Relational

(Dispositional)

Reactive

Instrumental

Reactive

Instrumental

Reactive

Instrumental

A Unifying Model of Aggression

slide12
.83

Overt

(Dispositional)

Relational

(Dispositional)

-.07

A Unifying Model of Aggression

Reactive

Instrumental

sub types of aggression based on function
Sub-types of Aggression Based on Function

Primarily Instrumental

Both

‘Typical’ range

Primarily

Reactive

Neither

Instrumentally Aggressive

Reactively Aggressive

inter reporter relations
Inter-Reporter Relations

Self Friend Peer Teacher Parent

O R O R O R O R O R

conclusions future directions
Conclusions & Future Directions
  • The Various Models of Aggression can be unified
    • Allows differentiation of form vs function
    • Facilitates identification of subtypes
    • Provides a basis to examine under what conditions aspects of aggression are: adaptive and normative vs maladaptive and atypical
  • Some Future Directions
    • Examine the typological differences more closely
    • Who are the Targets of the agonistic behavior?
    • Replicate in U.S. context and examine over time
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