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  1. Violence

  2. Violence • Acts of aggression and abuse that cause or intend to cause injury to a person • Violence is often a crime • There are 2 types of violence: random violence and coordinated violence • Military force is not considered violence

  3. Violence Related Definitions • Assault • An unlawful physical attack upon another • Aggravated Assault • Assault with the use of weapons • Abuse • To use improperly or misuse

  4. Definitions Continued • Assault and Battery • An assault involving actual body contact • Battery • An unlawful attack upon another that includes hitting or wounding • Cruelty to Animals • A cruel attack upon an animal

  5. Definitions Continued • Child Abuse • Cruelty against people under 18 • Domestic Violence • Violence between people living in the same household • Homicide • The killing of another human being

  6. Definitions Continued • Murder • Homicide in certain prescribed conditions • Property Damage • Damage to another’s property • Rape • Forcing an unwilling person to have sex with another

  7. Violence in Sports • Involves improvised weapons found inside arenas such as beer bottles and sporks • Caused by Intermittent Explosive Disorder • Can either be by the athletes, by the fans, or by the parents of the athletes • Occurs predominantly during football, hockey, and soccer matches

  8. 1984 World Series Riot

  9. Gangs

  10. Gangs • A gang is a group of individuals that share a common identity, even if that identity consists of little more than their association with one another. • Gangs often control territories using force and intimidation • Gangs are present all across the United States

  11. Types of Gangs • Durable • Street Oriented • Youth • Illegal • Organized • Prison • Immigration

  12. Durable • Must last at least 3 months • Members leave and new members join the ranks • Commonly located in large cities

  13. Street • Don’t reside in a fixed location • Spend time in cars, in parks, and on streets • Commit petty crimes

  14. Youth • Have members either in adolescence or in their early 20’s • Circulate through members as they age • Don’t necessarily commit crimes

  15. Illegal • Engage in coordinated illegal activity • Activities include killings, riots, car thefts, and thievery • These gangs are often filled with criminals

  16. Organized • Individuals are in the gang for personal gain • Often work for the grey and black markets • Take part in drug trafficking, human trafficking, piracy, money laundering, extortion, gambling, and political assassination

  17. Prison • These gangs often start on the streets, but a large portion of its members transfer power to prisons after arrests • These gangs are often racially based • Often commit brutal crimes against other prison members

  18. Immigration Gangs • These gangs smuggle large amounts of people across American borders • Often times, people join the gangs after sneaking across borders themselves • These gangs led to heightened security on America’s borders

  19. Peer Pressure

  20. Peer Pressure • A term describing a person's changes, or temptations to change, in attitude, behaviors and morals as directly influenced by their peer group • Peer pressure can impact peoples fashion, taste in music and television, and outlook on life • Peer pressure can be negative or positive

  21. Types of Peer Pressure • Youth • Financial • Expert

  22. Youth Peer Pressure • One of the most frequent forms of negative peer pressure • While youths spend large amounts of time in schools together they subconsciously impact others decisions • Youth peer pressure is said to be the cause of recent school shootings such as the Columbine High School Massacre and the Virginia Tech Massacre • This is similar to bullying in many respects

  23. Financial Peer Pressure • More common in adults • Adults feel that they need to attain a certain level of financial success to be successful • They feel as if they need to be like their other peers • Financial peer pressure leads to risky job decisions and can lead to depression

  24. Expert Peer Pressure • Peer pressure given by experts • This pressure is usually positive and benefits the persons life • Can relate to financial decisions as well as academic

  25. DARE • Stands for Drug Abuse Resistance Education • Discourage interest in illegal drugs, gangs, and violence • Implemented in 80 percent of the United States school districts • DARE pressures kids to not use drugs by informing them of their many negative effects

  26. Bullying

  27. Bullying • Bullying is the intentional tormenting of others through verbal harassment, physical assault, or other more subtle methods of coercion such as manipulation • Can happen in school, workplace, home, and neighborhoods • Bullying can cause death through torment or suicide • 85 percent of people bullied suffer long term physiological damage

  28. Characteristics of Bullying • Have the need to control or dominate • Envy and resentment are common motives for bullying • On a lesser scale, bullying can take place for humor • Bullying often operates through psychological and verbal abuse • Bullying is often associated with street gangs, especially in schools

  29. Columbine High School Massacre • Eric Harris and Dylan Klebold killed 15 people including themselves • Experts believe that they were the victims of bullying • Harris and Klebold left journals expressing how they were tired of being treated badly • They were described as social pariahs and goths • The murder increased the awareness of bullying in schools and has led to the creation of anti-bullying organizations

  30. Columbine Continued • Provoked debates over firearm control and safety • School security was increased in problem areas • Increased awareness of the negative affects of antidepressants

  31. Types of Bullying • School • Work-place • Cyber • Political • Military • Hazing

  32. School Bullying • Occurs in area of minimal adult supervision • Often, the bullied student is isolated and outnumbered • Can lead to school shootings and suicides • Ways to deal with this are intervention and peer support groups • In recent years, past bullies have been sued for the emotional damage inflicted to the bullied person

  33. Work-place Bullying • The repeated mistreatment of one employee targeted by one or more employees with a malicious mix of humiliation, intimidation and sabotage of performance • 3 times more prevalent than illegal discrimination • Often, work-place bullying is legal and encouraged by management because it can lead to competition and better job performance • Some times known as “mobbing”

  34. Cyber-Bullying • Occurs in electronic space • Sometimes called “online bullying” • Willful and involves repeated harm towards an individual • Cyber-bullying can occur in blogs as well through email conversations and through identity theft • Many tools now exist to exterminate cyber-bullying such as tracert and nslookup • These tools help users easily identify a persons IP address

  35. Political Bullying • Called “Jingoism” • When one country imposes its will upon another • Done with military force or threat • Often political corruptions, coup d'états, and kleptocracies are the solution and response to the countries being bullied • One example of this is when a small country isn’t allowed to join a trade agreement

  36. Military Bullying • The use of physical strength or the abuse of authority to intimidate or victimize others, or to give unlawful punishments • Some people argue that during war times, soldiers are trained to accept bullying • In some countries, military hazing occurs and is even considered necessary before one can enlist • Higher generals in the Russian army systematically kick and punch lower ranked privates

  37. Hazing • Hazing is an often ritualistic test, which may constitute harassment, abuse or humiliation with requirements to perform meaningless tasks; sometimes as a way of initiation into a social group • Refers to physical or mental harassment • Hazing was legal until it was decided that a line couldn’t be draw between acceptable hazing and superfluous hazing • Hazing has been reported on: sports teams, colleges, secret societies, the armed forces, clubs and teams, and in inmats

  38. Strategies to Reduce Bullying Within Schools • Make adults aware of the situation and involve them • Make it clear that bullying is never acceptable • Increase adult supervision in the yard, halls and washrooms more vigilantly • Emphasize caring, respect and safety • Emphasize consequences of hurting others • Follow up on all instances of aggression • Teach cooperative learning activities

  39. Bloods History • The United Blood Nation, or Bloods, was formed in 1993 • New York City jail system on Rikers Island’s GMDC (George Mochen Detention Center) • Grew to become very large and powerful

  40. Bloods Spread • 1996 thousands joined and were still being recruited • Central American country, Belize • West Coast and East Coast States located in New York, New Jersey, Florida, North Carolina, and South Carolina

  41. Bloods Identification • Refer to each other as Dawg (DOGS) • Burn an upside down triangular shape, like a dog paw, on their upper arm • Usually cigarette burns instead of ink • Tattoos of a bulldog • Red bandannas

  42. Traditional Bloods Hand Signal

  43. Crip’s History • Located in Los Angeles • 1969, Raymond Washington (15) organized a group of other neighborhood youths • Was known as Baby Avenues • Beat up on the older gangs and became more powerful • 1971 adopted the name Crips