Ms. Crump - ART. Principles of Art. What are Art Principles?. Rules for how art elements are organized to create unity in an artwork They are: Balance Variety Harmony Emphasis Proportion Pattern/Rhythm Movement. Balance.
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Ms. Crump - ART Principles of Art
What are Art Principles? • Rules for how art elements are organized to create unity in an artwork • They are: • Balance • Variety • Harmony • Emphasis • Proportion • Pattern/Rhythm • Movement
Balance • Arranging art elements in an artwork so no one part of that work overpowers, or seems heavier than, any other part • Three Types: • Formal Balance • Informal Balance • Radial Balance
Formal Balance • Also known as symmetrical balance • The two halves of the picture “mirror” or closely resemble each other
Informal Balance • Also known as asymmetrical balance • Different elements appear to have equal weight
Radial Balance • Have elements or objects positioned around a central point or hub
Variety • Combing art elements with slight changes to increase visual interest
Harmony • Combining similar art elements to create a pleasing appearance • Can be accomplished by using repetition and gradual changes
Emphasis • Making an element or object in a work stand out
Proportion • The relationship of certain elements to the whole and to each other • Used to help create emphasis • Used with size (one shape being much larger than the others) • Used with color (one shape a different color than the rest)
Pattern/Rhythm • Achieved through the repetition of colors, lines, shapes, and/or textures • Makes work seem active or suggests vibration
Movement • Creating the look and feeling of action to guide the viewer’s eye throughout a work of art
Unity • A look and feel of oneness or completeness in a work of art • “Wholeness” • Achieved when elements and principles are skillfully combined • Harmony and pattern can help to accomplish this