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Principles of Art. Organize the Elements of Art Create Visual Comfort & Interest. Why Use The Principals of Art?. Why Use The Principals of Art?. BALANCE. Similar amount of information in two parts Symmetrical is exactly equal on both sides Asymmetrical

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principles of art

Principles of Art

Organize the Elements of Art

Create Visual Comfort

& Interest

balance
BALANCE

Similar amount of information in two parts

  • Symmetrical

is exactly equal on both sides

  • Asymmetrical

unequal but balanced through color and/or design

movement
MOVEMENT

Leads the eye to the focus of the image

color, value (light to dark), long shapes, and lines guide the eye

rhythm repitition pattern
RHYTHM/REPITITION/PATTERN

The same element is used over and over

  • Regular

repeating in a pattern

  • Irregular

repeating with no regular pattern

contrast variety
CONTRAST/VARIETY

Creates excitement (opposite of sameness = boring)

Uses different Elements of Art together: sharp and soft edges, pattern and space, dark and light, bright and dull color, warm and cool color, smooth and rough texture, organic and geometric shapes.

I like slugs!

emphasis
EMPHASIS

The focus on an area

Using the Elements of Art/Design

(line, color, shape, form, space, value & texture)

Monkey!

unity
UNITY

Looks like it belongs together

Makes sense of the image, brings it together.

(opposite of chaos)

Uses same or similar Elements of Art/Design

(line, color, shape, form, space, texture, & value)

proportion scale
PROPORTION/SCALE

The relative size of objects to one another

Example: Use appropriate scale in surface design. An overly large textile design can overwhelm the form of a garment or a piece of furniture.

figure ground relationship
FIGURE GROUND RELATIONSHIP

What you notice

The FIGURE(S) is/are the recognizable part we pay attention to, the positive shape(s).

The GROUND is everything that is not the figure(s).

principals of art summary
Principals of Art Summary

Organize the Elements of Art

  • BALANCE: Similar amount of information in two parts
  • MOVEMENT: Leads the eye to the focus of the image
  • RHYTHM/REPITITION/PATTERN: The same element used over & over
  • CONTRAST/VARIETY: Opposite of sameness
  • EMPHASIS: The focus on an area
  • UNITY: Looks like it belongs together
  • PROPORTION/SCALE: The relative size of objects to one another
  • FIGURE GROUND RELATIONSHIP: What you notice
assignment school class rule poster

(38 points)

Assignment: School/Class Rule Poster
  • Using the poster guidelines (10 points)
  • Cut out colored construction paper scraps and pieces of magazines in shapes representing each of the Elements of Art (6 points)
  • Use all of the Principals of Art to organize the Elements (8 points)
  • Write how you used each one with specific examples (14 points)
  • Example: The orange thin rectangle is the Element of Art, line. I put it under the red sphere to add the Principal of Art, emphasis.
assignment 2 principals of art book
Assignment 2: Principals of Art Book

54 points

  • Using the Principals of Art
  • NEATNESS COUNTS
  • Fold 2- 8 ½” x 11” sheets of paper in half vertically. Cover them with a slightly larger piece of colored construction paper. Staple them together at the fold. Include a title & your name on the cover. (6 points)
  • Each page of the book will represent one of the Principals of Art. ( 8 points)
  • You will label, define & draw each Principals of Art. ( 16 points)
  • Draw one Principal of Art per page using all of the Elements of Art on each page. (8 points)
  • On each page, using complete sentences, write how you used that Principal & the Elements of Art with specific examples. (16 points)

Example: The Element of Art, line, is orange and it is around the red sphere to add the Principal of Art, emphasis. Red and orange are the Elements of Art, color, which are bright colors that also add to the Principal of Art emphasis. I used the Element of Art, value, to make the red circle look like a sphere and also uses the Element of art, space, because a sphere is 3D. I made little lines coming out of the sphere to look like hair which adds the Element of Art, texture.

assignment 3 analyzing

16 points per painting = 32 total

Assignment 3: Analyzing
  • Look at these pieces of artwork and describe how each of the Principals of Art are being used or not for each painting.
  • Use complete sentences.
  • Be very specific to that particular piece of artwork give examples from the art.

Example:

Unity is achieved through the off white background throughout the painting.

Scoring:

    • 1 point for each correctly identified Principal used
    • 1 point for the specific supporting information
    • There are 2 points possible per Principal
    • There are 8 Principals
    • There are a total of 16 points possible per painting analyzed
    • 32 points for both pictures combined

Wassily Kandinsky (1866-1944 Transverse Line, 1923, Oil on canvas

Claude Monet - Water-Lilies -1914

review
REVIEW
  • List the Principals of Art
  • Describe each of the Principals of Art
references
REFERENCES
  • Monet www.writedesignonline.com/.../rules/color.html
  • Kandinsky http://www.abstract-art.com/abstraction/l2_grnfthrs_fldr/g029b_kandinsky_tr_ln.html