INDIA POLITICAL CASTE SYSTEM AND INDEPENDENCE
Who Won Caste System Tag? Was there any chance for anyone from groups 2,3,4 or 5 to win?
CASTE SYSTEM • Caste system – is the Hindu practice of social separation of individuals based on birth into a certain working class
1. Brahmins were the highest class • priests, teachers, and intellectuals • only class allowed to be literate • 2. Kshatriyas were warrior / noble class • 3. Vaisyas merchants or traders • 4. Sudras were the farmers and laborers
CASTE SYSTEM 5. Dalits - meaning the oppressed - below the four members of the Caste are thousands of subgroups • Also called the “Untouchables” because the nature of their work causes them to be “unclean” • Examples (Handling the dead) • Dalits are forbidden to have contact with any member of the Caste What is India’s most holy animal?
Caste History • Aryans developed the caste system over 2000 years ago. From which region/country do you think they came? • IRAN • Does this look familiar? • What does this mean? • Nazi’s didn’t get that right either PEACE
Caste History • The caste system had kept a sense of order and peace among the people • The caste system assigns people to one of four major classes (or castes) according to their occupations • They can not marry or even socialize with individuals of other groups WHY WOULD PEOPLE FOLLOW THIS SYSTEM?
HINDUISM Polytheistic religion – Worship of more than one god • Dharma – Duty or work one must do according to ones class • Karma – Good and bad forces that occur when one does a good Dharma • Reincarnation – Belief that one’s soul will return in another form. Living a life of good Dharma will reward you with a good Karma of being reborn into a higher caste class Good Dharma leads to good Karma which leads to a good Reincarnation What would happen if you did not do your Dharma right?
CASTE TODAY • The Caste was abolished in the 1960’s • Some rural villages still practice the system today • The system has left social and economic scares on the population
Brahmins THEN and NOW Brahmin Family during caste Brahmin Woman today
DalitsTHEN and NOW Untouchables during caste Dalits (after the tsunami post caste)
INDIA’S INDEPENDENCE • 1750’s British took over India • Considered the Jewel of the British Crown • Ruled 350 years • Independence lead by Mohandas K. Gandhi • Mahatma –”Great Soul • Nonviolent noncooperation • Boycott – refused to buy British goods (Salt March)
Mahatma Gandhi - Quotes • An eye for an eye only ends up making the whole world blind. • You must be the change you wish to see in the world. • The weak can never forgive. Forgiveness is the attribute of the strong. • Nobody can hurt me without my permission. • Jesus is ideal and wonderful, but you Christians - you are not like him. • You must not lose faith in humanity. Humanity is an ocean; if a few drops of the ocean are dirty, the ocean does not become dirty.
Partitioning of india • 1947 Pakistan became an independent Islamic state and the next day India became a secular state • Secular - Government is separate from religion • Bangladesh became East Pakistan • Kashmir was divided between the two countries • Hindi – primary and official language of India • many people, however do speak English due to 350 years of colonial rule
Tajmahal • "Crown Palace“ • Considered the largest monument to love • Shah Jahan'shad constructed when wife, Mumtazdied giving birth • One of Shah Jahan’s sons had him put in prison • All marble and semi-precious stones • Built on 43 acres
REVIEW Brahmins Vaisyas Sudra Ksatryas Dalits